Sadr-ul-Afadil Mufti Sayyid Muhammad Na’eemuddin Muradabadi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is an important personality amongst the Khulafa of Imam-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat, A’la Hadrat, Mujaddid-e-Deen-o-Millat, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a Mufassir, Muhaddis, Munazir, Khateeb, writer and a political leader.
He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Moradabad (India) on 21 Safar-ul-Muzaffar 1300 Hijri corresponding to 1 January 1883 AD. His birth name was kept as ‘Ghulam Mustafa’ but he became famous by the name of ‘Sayyid Muhammad Na’eemuddin’.
He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه completed Hifz [memorisation] of the Holy Quran at the age of 8. He learnt reading and writingص Urdu and Persian from his honourable father, Maulana Sayyid Mu’eenuddin Nuzhat. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه studied Dars-e-Nizami from Maulana Shah Fazl Ahmad Amrohi and Maulana Shah Gul Muhammad Qaadiri رَحِمَهُمَا الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَالٰی. He completed Dars-e-Nizami at the age of 19 and practised writing Fatwa for a year.
Association with A’la Hadrat
He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه authored his first book, namely ‘اَلْکَلِمَۃُ الْعُلْیَا لِاِعْلَاءِ عِلْمِ الْمُصْطَفٰی’ at the age of 20 on [the topic of] Ilm-e-Ghayb-e-Nabawi صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. When this book was presented to Imam-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat, A’la Hadrat Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, he said: ‘مَـاشَــآءَالـلّٰـه عَزَّوَجَلَّ, it is an excellent and remarkable book. This young age and still such a great book containing such good proofs is an evidence of the author being intelligent and skilful.’ (Hayat Sadr-ul-Afadil, pp. 33)
Mufti Sayyid Muhammad Na’eemuddin Muradabadi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه then had the privilege of visiting the blessed court of A’la Hadrat رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه for the first time. Then, he became so devoted that he has himself stated: I would go to the court of A’la Hadrat رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه every Monday and Thursday at all costs. (Ibid)
A’la Hadrat رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه had great confidence in him and would consult him about important matters. Mufti Sayyid Muhammad Na’eemuddin Muradabadi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه wrote ‘Khaza`in-ul-‘Irfan’, a Tafseer in the form of explanatory notes on A’la Hadrat’s Quranic translation, namely ‘Kanz-ul-Iman’. It is a summary of the previous authentic Tafaseer and is also famous worldwide.
Privilege of becoming a Mureed
He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه had the privilege of becoming a Mureed of his respected teacher, Maulana Shah Gul Muhammad Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه in the Qadiriyyah spiritual order.
Ijazat and Khilafat
Besides A’la Hadrat رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, Mufti Sayyid Muhammad Na’eemuddin’s honourable Murshid and Shaykh-ul-Mashaaikh Maulana Shah ‘Ali Husayn Ashrafi Kachochwi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه also gave him “Ijazat and Khilafat [permission to make Mureed in a certain spiritual order]”. (Baaniyan Silsilah Na’eemiyyah, pp. 206)
He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه laid the foundation stone of Madrasah Anjuman Ahl-e-Sunnat-o-Jama’at in Moradabad in 1910 AD which later became famous by the name of Jami’ah Na’eemiyyah. Through his guidance and training, such students got prepared who established more Madaris. Few of them are: Founder of Dar-ul-‘Uloom Hizb-ul-Ahnaaf, Maulana Abul Barakaat Sayyid Ahmad Qaadiri; founder of Dar-ul-‘Uloom Na’eemiyyah Karachi, Maulana Muhammad Umar Na’eemi; founder of Dar-ul-‘Uloom Hanafiyyah Basirpur Okara, Maulana Abul Khayr Noorullah Na’eemi; founder of Dar-ul-‘Uloom Jami’ah Na’eemiyyah Lahore, Mufti Muhammad Husayn Na’eemi رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَالٰی. (Hayat Sadr-ul-Afadil; summarized)
Different types of Fitnahs [evils] related to the beliefs and practices were evolving in his era. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه played a leading role in refuting all those Fitnahs. He played an exemplary role in Tahreek-e-Pakistan as well. In 1946 AD, All India Sunni Conference was held in Banaras by his efforts in which demand for Pakistan was greatly supported. (Hayat Sadr-ul-Afadil; summarized)
Besides Tafseer Khaza`in-ul-‘Irfan, ‘اَطْیَبُ الایمان فی رَدِّ تَقْوِیَۃُ الایمان’, ‘Kitab-ul-‘Aqaaid’, ‘Sawanih Karbala’, ‘کشفُ الحجاب عن مَسَائلِ ایصالِ الثَّواب’, ‘Seerat-e-Sahabah’ and ‘Adaab-ul-Akhyar’, etc., are included in his books. His poetry collection of Na’at, namely Riyaz-e-Na’eem has been published. Besides these, he رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه started a bimonthly magazine “As-Sawaad-ul-A’zam” which later became a monthly magazine.
He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on Friday on 19 Zul-Hijjah 1367 Hijri corresponding to 23 October 1948 AD. (Baaniyan Silsilah Na’eemiyyah, footnote, pp. 251)
His blessed shrine is under the Divine mercy, beside the Masjid of Jami’ah Na’eemiyyah, Moradabad, India.
May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ have mercy on him and forgive us without accountability for his sake!
For more information regarding his biography, study the booklet ‘Tazkirah Sadr-ul-Afadil’ published by Maktaba-tul-Madinah.