What is the Islamic ruling on selling Dayn

What is the Islamic ruling on selling ‘Dayn’ [دَین]?

Question 1: What do the blessed ‘Ulama [Islamic scholars] and Muftis [Islamic jurists] state regarding the following matter: Bakr owed dayn of Rs. 2500 to Zayd which Bakr cannot pay him back all at once. Khalid said to Zayd, ‘Sell me the Dayn[1] which Bakr owes to you for Rs. 2000. I may pay you Rs. 2000 all at once and then I will keep receiving the amount from Bakr little by little.’ Is such an act of Khalid and Zayd correct or not?

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In this case, making of a Bay’ [بَیع] [sale and purchase contract] by Khalid and Zayd in such a way is not permissible because this Bay’ of Dayn is being made with the one who is not Madyoon [مَدیُون] [one who owes Dayn] and for the Bay’ of currency with currency, [buying or selling] on credit is not permissible in any case, even if they are both equal.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

What is the Islamic ruling on selling DVDs of films and songs?

Question 2: Is the business of those people impermissible and Haraam who run CD and DVD centre where content based on films and songs is sold?

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Doing such a business is impermissible and Haraam and the person doing such a business is deserving of hellfire. Doing this business is helping [others] in sins; Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has commanded us in the Holy Quran to refrain from helping in sins. It is stated in Surah Al-Ma`idah:

وَ لَا تَعَاوَنُوْا عَلَى الْاِثْمِ وَ الْعُدْوَانِ۪-

Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: And do not help one another in sin and injustice.

(Part 6, Surah Al-Ma`idah, Ayah 2)

It is compulsory for such people to abandon this Haraam business and adopt a Halal source of earnings.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

What is the Islamic ruling on selling television?

Question 3: What do the blessed ‘Ulama state regarding the following matter: There are two televisions at home. If we sell one of them and the buyer uses it wrongly, will we become sinners?

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In this case, you will not become a sinner because television itself is not bad. There are its good uses as well as the bad ones. In whichever way the buyer uses it, you will not face its dire consequences; he himself will be responsible for it. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has stated:

لَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِّزْرَ اُخْرٰىۚ-

Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: No load-bearing soul will bear the load of another.

(Part 8, Surah Al-An’aam, Ayah 164)

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

What is the Islamic ruling on selling dead animal’s hide?

Question 4: Some people remove and sell dead[2] animal’s hide. What is the Islamic ruling on their act of removing the hide and selling it?

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In this case, if the hide is removed and then it is sold after being tanned [purified], it is permissible, otherwise not permissible. A’la Hadrat, Imam-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat رَحْمَةُ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was asked a question whether it is permissible or not to sell dead animal’s hide. He gave its answer in the following way: If the hide is tanned [purified] by heating or drying it in sunlight, selling it is permissible ‘لِطَھَارَتِہٖ وَ حِلِّ الْاِنْتِفَاعِ’ (because of its Taharah [purity] and benefit from it being Halal [lawful]), otherwise [selling it] is Haraam [prohibited] and Baatil [invalid] ‘لِاَنَّہٗ جُزْءُ مَیِّتٍ وَبَیْعُ الْمَیْتَۃِ بَاطِلٌ’ (because it is part of a dead animal and Bay’ [sale and purchase] of a dead animal is Baatil). (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 17, pp. 161)

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم



[1] Anything which is Wajib [compulsory] on a person to pay back [is called Dayn, for example,] because of any ‘Aqd [contract] such as Bay’ [sale and purchase contract] or Ijarah [employment contract], or a person owes Tawaan [compensation] because of destroying something, or [it] is Wajib because of debt; all these are called ‘Dayn’.(Footnote from Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 2, pp. 752)

[2] Dead animals here refer to those animals which die without being slaughtered.

Share

Articles

Comments


Security Code