Magnitude of Meezan

Sayyiduna Dawood عَـلٰى نَبِـيِّـنَا وَ عَـلَيْـهِ الـصَّلٰوةُ وَالـسَّلَام humbly requested in the blessed court of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, ‘Maula! Show me Meezan.’ When he saw it, he fell unconscious. When he became conscious, he humbly said, ‘Ya Ilahi! Who has the power to fill its pan with his good deeds?’ Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ said: O Dawood! ‘اِنِّي اِذَا رَضِيْتُ عَنْ عَبْدِی مَلَأتُهَا بِتَمْرَةٍ’ i.e. certainly, when I will get pleased with My servant, I will fill it with only a date. (Tafseer Kabeer, part 17, Al-Ambiya, Taht-al-Ayah: 47, vol. 8, pp. 148)

Belief

Meezan (scale for weighing deeds) is Haq [truth], i.e. it is proven from “definite auricular proofs (Quran and Sunnah)”. It is Wajib [compulsory] to have Iman [faith] in it as well. (Al-Mu’taqid ma’ Al-Mu’tamid, pp. 333)

The instrument used for weighing the things is called Meezan. (Lisan-ul-Arab, Juz: 2, vol. 2, pp. 4276)

It is stated in the Holy Quran:

وَ الْوَزْنُ یَوْمَىٕذِ ﹰالْحَقُّۚ- فَمَنْ ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِیْنُهٗ فَاُولٰٓىٕكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوْنَ(۸)

Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: And on that Day, weighing will certainly take place; so those whose scales prove heavy are the successful ones. (Part 8, Surah Al-A’raf, Ayah 8)

According to majority of the commentators of Holy Quran, “وَزْن” in this Ayah means: To weigh the deeds with Meezan. (Khaazin, part 8, Al-A’raf, Taht-al-Ayah 8, vol. 2, pp. 78)

Magnitude of Meezan

The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said: Meezan will be placed on the Day of Judgement. If the skies and earths are placed in it, they will fit into it. The angels will say, ‘Ya Allah! Whose [deeds’] weight will be carried out in it?’ Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ will say, ‘[The deeds of] whom I will wish from My creation.’ The angels will humbly say, ‘You are سُبحان [i.e. free of all imperfections]; we could not worship You in a way as Your worship rightfully deserves. (Al-Mustadrak, vol. 5, pp. 807, Hadees 8778)

Attributes of Meezan

٭ Imam Muhammad Ghazali رَحْمَةُ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: Meezan will be firmly placed. It has two pans. The pan at the right side of ‘Arsh is Noorani [bright] whereas the second, dark pan is at the left side of ‘Arsh. (Ad-Durra-tul-Faakhirah fi Kashf-ul-‘Uloom-il-Aakhirah, pp. 62)

٭ Noorani pan will be for the good deeds whereas the dark pan will be for the sins. (At-Tazkirah lil-Qurtubi, pp. 302)

٭ It is narrated from Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Salaam رَضِىَ اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ that one pan of Meezan will be on Paradise and another will be on the Hell. (Tafseer Kabeer, Al-A’raf, Taht-al-Ayah 8, vol. 5, pp. 202)

٭ It is stated in Fatawa Razawiyyah: That Meezan is different from the [worldly] scale over here. Over there, if the pan of good deeds will be heavy, it will rise and the pan of bad deeds will move downwards:

اِلَیْهِ یَصْعَدُ الْكَلِمُ الطَّیِّبُ وَ الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ یَرْفَعُهٗؕ-

Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: Towards only Him ascends the pure speech, and He raises high the pious deed. (Part 22, Surah Faatir, Ayah 10)

It is wrong in whichever book it is written that the pan of good deeds will go down [in such case]. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 29, pp. 626)

In charge of Meezan

Sayyiduna Huzayfah رَضِىَ اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ has stated: ‘صَاحِبُ الْمِيزَانِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ جِبْرِيلُ’ i.e. Sayyiduna Jibra`eel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will be the in charge of Meezan on the Day of Judgement. (Sharh Usool I’tiqad Ahl-us-Sunnah, vol. 2, pp. 1001)

‘Allamah Ibraheem Baajawri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has narrated: Sayyiduna Jibraeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will be holding the beam of the scale in his hand and he will be looking at the pointer; Sayyiduna Mika’eel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will be the custodian of Meezan. (Tohfa-tul-Mureed ‘ala Jauhira-tut-Tawheed, pp. 427)

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