The pious personalities who passed away or their ‘Urs is celebrated in Zil-Hijja-til-Haraam

Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam is the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar. Brief biographies of 19 of those blessed Sahabah, great Awliya and Islamic ‘Ulama whose day of demise or ‘Urs is marked in this month were included in Zul-Hijjah issue of monthly magazine “Faizan-e-Madinah”, 1438 Hijri.[1] Following are the brief biographies of some more Islamic personalities:

Blessed Sahabah رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُم

1 Umm-e-Rumaan Bint ‘Aamir رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا was the respected wife of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, mother of Umm-ul-Mu’mineen Sayyidatuna ‘Aaishah رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا, a Sahabiyyah who embraced Islam in its early days, and a pious and ascetic woman. She passed away in Madinah Munawwarah in Zul-Hijjah, 6 Hijri. (Tabqat Ibn Sa’d, vol. 8, pp. 216; Al-Muntazam fi Tareekh-ul-Mulook wal-Umam, vol. 3, pp. 291)

2 Sayyiduna ‘Aamir Bin Rabee’ah رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ embraced Islam in its early days. He was a Mujahid who participated in all the Ghazwahs[2] including “Ghazwah Badr” and he رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ also had the privilege of performing Hijrah [migration] to both the places, Habshah and Madinah Munawwarah. He رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ passed away in Zul-Hijjah, 35 Hijri. (Tabqat Ibn Sa’d, vol. 3, pp. 295; Al-Muntazam fi Tareekh-ul-Mulook wal-Umam, vol. 5, pp. 73)

Blessed Awliya رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَالٰی

3 Muhafiz-e-Islam, Sayyiduna Muslim Bin ‘Aqeel رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Kufa. He is the son of Imam Husayn’s paternal uncle. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the representative [of Imam Husayn رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ] and one of his staunch devotees. He embraced martyrdom on 9 Zul-Hijjah 60 Hijri. His blessed shrine is the centre of blessings and benefits near Jaami’ Masjid Ambiya in Kufa. (Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, vol. 5, pp. 664; Al-Kamil fit-Tareekh, vol. 3, pp. 398; Shahadat Nawasah Sayyid-ul-Abrar, pp. 617)

4 Sayyid-ul-‘Ulama, Sayyiduna Shaykh Abul Hasan ‘Ali Bin Yusuf Lakhmi Shatnawfi [لَخمِی شَطنَوفِی] Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 644 Hijri in Qahira [Cairo], Egypt. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was Shaykh-ul-Qurra, Faqih [Islamic jurist] of Shaafi’i school of Islamic Jurisprudence, teacher of Jami’ah Azhar and author of the books. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه became famous worldwide because of his most authentic book ‘Bahjat-ul-Asraar wa Ma’dan-ul-Anwaar’. He passed away on 20 Zul-Hijjah 713 Hijri and was laid to rest in Qahira, Egypt. (Husn-ul-Muhadirah fi Akhbar Misr wal-Qahirah, vol. 1, pp. 417; A’laam liz-Zarkali, vol. 5, pp. 34; Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 21, pp. 384, 385)

5 A greatly generous person of his era, Sayyiduna Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad Taqi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Madinah Munawwarah in 195 Hijri. He was famous for his excellence and virtues, generosity and benevolence, and piety and asceticism. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه embraced martyrdom at the age of 25 in 220 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located in Baghdad near [the shrine of] his paternal grandfather, Imam Musa Kaazim رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه. (Shawahid-un-Nubuwwah, pp. 267; Tareekh Baghdad, vol. 3, pp. 265-267)

6 Shaykh-ul-Mashaaikh, Sayyiduna Makhdoom Jahaniyaan Jahan Gasht Jalaluddin Husayn Bukhari Suharwerdi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 706 Hijri in Uch Shareef (Bahawalpur district, southern Punjab). He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was an expert in the fields of Islamic knowledge, Khalifah of many Mashaaikh, Ustaz-ul-‘Ulama wal-Mashaaikh and an influential personality. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه became famous for travelling to many cities of the entire world. He passed away on 10 Zul-Hijjah 785 Hijri and his blessed shrine is famous in Uch Shareef. (Mirat-ul-Asraar, pp. 974)

7 The grand Shaykh of Hamdaan, Sayyid ‘Ali Hamdaani Kibraawi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 713 AH in Aalwind (Hamdaan) Western Iran. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was an embodiment of Islamic arts and sciences. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه had privilege to see more than 10000 blessed saints of the world. He spread the spiritual order of Kibrawiyah across the world, introduced Islam in the region of Kashmir, an extremely beautiful valley and authored many books. The renowned books ‘Zakheera-tul-Mulook’ and ‘Awraad-e-Fatahiyah’ are also written by him. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه departed this life on 6th Zul-Hijjah 786 AH. The blessed shrine of Sayyid ‘Ali Hamdaani Kibraawi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is situated in Kolab (Khatlan, a province of Tajikistan) which is visited by all the people. (Mirat-ul-Asraar, pp. 1030-1034; Mahnamah Mah-e-Noor January 2013, pp. 24-31)

8 Ghaus-e-Zamaan, Sayyiduna Khuwajah ‘Abdur Rahman Choharvi Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1262 AH in Chohar Shareef - a village of Sabzpur (Haripur Hazara, KPK) and passed away in the same village on 1st Zul-Hijjah 1342 AH. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is a Wali-e-Kamil, (a great saint) author of books and the founder of Dar-ul-‘Uloom Islamiyyah Rahmaniyah. The book ‘Majmu’a Salawaat-ur-Rasool’, consisting of 30 parts, has been published. (Tazkirah Akabir Ahl-e-Sunnat, pp. 216)

9 Taj-ul-‘Aarifeen, Shaykh Muhammad Afzal Ilahabadi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in the month of Rabi’-ul-Awwal 1038 AH in Saidpur (near Ghazipur), UP, India. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a practicing Islamic scholar, author of books and Shaykh-e-Tareeqat of spiritual order of Naqshbandiyyah Abul ‘Ula`iyah. His books also include ‘شرح فُصُوصُ الحِکَم مُسَمّٰی بہ شَرۡحُ الفُصُوۡص عَلٰی وَفْقِ النُّصُوۡص’. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on 18th Zul-Hijjah 1124 AH. The blessed shrine of Shaykh Muhammad Afzal Ilahabadi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is located in Mahallah ‘Chak’ Allahabad (UP) India. (Tazkirah ‘Ulama-o-Mashaaikh Pakistan-o-Hind, vol. 2, pp. 974; Tazkirah ‘Ulama-e-Hind, pp. 417)

10 Malik-ush-Shu’ara (the king of poets) Sayyid Waaris Shah Bukhari Chishti رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was probably born in 1122 AH in Jandiala Sher Khan, Tehsil and district Sheikhupura (Punjab) Pakistan, and passed away on 9th Zul-Hijjah 1206 AH. The blessed tomb of Sayyid Waaris Shah Bukhari Chishti رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is situated in Jandiala Sher Khan. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a class fellow of Baba Bulleh Shah رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, practicing Islamic scholar and prominent Punjabi mystic poet, having command over the language. (Urdu Da`irah Ma’arif-e-Islamiyyah, vol. 22, pp. 573, 575; Rasaail Qusoori, vol. 1, pp. 40)

Islamic scholars

11 Shaykh-ul-Islam, ‘Umda-tul-Muhaddiseen, Shahabuddin, Haafiz Ahmad Bin ‘Ali Ibn Hajar ‘Asqalani Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 773 AH in Cairo, Egypt and passed away on 28th Zul-Hijjah 852 AH in the same city, and was laid to rest in Qarafah Sughra. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was Haafiz-ul-Quran, glorious Muhaddis, teacher of Muhaddiseen, and a poet in Arabic language. The book ‘Fath-ul-Baari Sharh Sahih Bukhari’ written by Haafiz Ahmad Bin Hajar ‘Asqalani Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is his globally renowned literary work. (Bustan-ul-Muhaddiseen, pp. 302; Ar-Riwayaat-ut-Tafseeriyah fi Fath-ul-Baari, vol. 1, pp. 39, 65)

12 Hujjat-ul Islam, Imam Abu Bakr Ahmad Bin ‘Ali Raazi Jassaas Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 305 AH in Baghdad and passed away on 7th Zul-Hijjah 370 AH in Iraq, Baghdad. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was an embodiment of piety and asceticism, Imam-o-Faqih of Ahnaaf, a man of excellent etiquette and a commentator of Glorious Quran. Out of more than 12 books of Imam Abu Bakr Ahmad Bin ‘Ali Raazi Jassaas رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, ‘Ahkam-ul-Quran’ has gained great popularity. (Hadaiq-ul-Hanafiyyah, pp. 203; Al-Fawaaid-ul-Baheeh, pp. 36)

13 The Imam in the field of Islamic sciences and arts, ‘Allamah Khuwajah Muzaffar Husayn Razavi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1358 AH in Singhia (Tehsil Baisi, Purnia district of Bihar state) India. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on 14th Zul-Hijjah 1434 AH and was laid to rest in the same city Singhia (India). He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is the blessed student of Malik-ul-‘Ulama-o-Faqih-e-A’zam Hind (India); he graduated from Jami’ah Mazhar-ul Islam Bareilly. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was Khalifah of Mufti-e-A’zam India, Ustaz-ul-‘Ulama and an expert in the science of logic, philosophy and the branches related to reasoning. The collection of his articles, namely ‘تحقیقاتِ امامِ عِلم و فَن’ has been published. (Tahqeeqat Imam ‘Ilm-o-Fun, pp. 11, 20, 27; Mufti-e-A’zam aur In kay Khulafa, pp. 611)



[1] (1) Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Baaqir (‘Urs day: 7 Zul-Hijjah) (2) Murshid of A’la Hadrat, Shah Aal-e-Rasool Marehrawi (‘Urs day: 18 Zul-Hijjah) (3) Sayyid ‘Abdullah Shah Ghazi (‘Urs day: 20, 21, 22 Zul-Hijjah) (4) Imam Abu Bakr Ja’far Bin Yunus Shibli (‘Urs day: 27 Zul-Hijjah) (5) ‘Allamah Badruddin ‘Ayni (‘Urs day: 4 Zul-Hijjah) (6) Imam Abul Hasan ‘Ali Margheenani (‘Urs day: 15 Zul-Hijjah) (7) Maulana Ziyauddin Ahmad Madani Qaadiri (‘Urs day: 15 Zul-Hijjah) (8) Maulana Shah ‘Abdul ‘Aleem Siddeeqi Meerathi (‘Urs day: 22 Zul-Hijjah)

[2] The battles in which the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم himself participated.

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