Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’

Once, a dignified woman entered the court of Siddiq-e-Akbar. [In her honour] Ameer-ul-Momineen Sayyiduna Siddiq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ spread his chador for her to sit on. When Sayyiduna Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ asked Sayyiduna Siddiq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ about her, Siddiq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ replied, ‘She is the daughter of the great man who has made his abode in Paradise by sacrificing his life for the sake of Allah Almighty in the blessed age of Risalat. (Mu’jam Kabeer, vol. 6, pp. 25, Hadees 5401, summarised) The man for whom Sayyiduna Siddiq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ, the most superior man after Prophets and Mursaleen عَـلَـيْـهِمُ الـصَّلٰوةُ وَالـسَّـلَام, said these great words is Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ Ansari رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ, a highly esteemed and a great personage. He is a great companion. After embracing Islam, he spent every moment of his life in devotion to the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم and left behind him the illuminated events filled with the devotion to the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم which brighten the pages of history and the hearts of devotees of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. Let’s read something about the life of this great companion رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ.

Chieftain of his tribe

Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ Ansari رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ is counted among those seventy or seventy-two lucky men from Ansar who were privileged to take the oath of allegiance at the hands of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم at Uqbah (a ravine near Makkah) before the migration had been announced. (Mu’jam Kabeer, vol. 6, pp. 24, Hadees 5395, Zurqaani Ali-ul-Mawahib, vol. 2, pp. 85) Not only was this but he was also one of the twelve trustworthy individuals whom the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم made Naqeeb (the chieftain of tribe) by the command of his Lord. (Al-Ahaad-wal-Masani, vol. 3, pp. 397, Hadees 1822) He knew how to write even from the times of ignorance, though very few among Arabs knew how to write during that period. (Tabaqat Ibn-e-Sa’d, vol. 3, pp. 396)

Excellent example of sacrifice

The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم established brotherhood between Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi and Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman Bin ‘Auf رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُمَا. Sayyiduna Sa’d had two orchards and two wives. He took Sayyiduna Abdul Rahman رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ to his home. He then sent for food and ate with him. After that he said to him, ‘You are my brother by religion and you are single as well. I have two wives; amongst these both whoever you like, I will divorce her and you may marry her. I have two orchards; whichever you like, you may have it.’ But Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman Bin ‘Auf رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ said, ‘Neither do I need your woman nor want your orchard. I have not embraced Islam for this. Show me the way to the bazaar (for doing business). (Mu’jam Kabeer, vol. 6, pp. 27, Hadees 5407, Tabqat Ibn-e-Sa’d, vol. 3, 396, summarised)

Participation in Battles

He took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. He was martyred in the Battle of Uhud in Shawwal 3 AH. (Tabqat Ibn-e-Sa’d, vol. 3, pp. 396).

Read about the love and affection of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم for his beloved companion رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُم.

Inquired after him

It was the Battle of Uhud when unbelievers had returned to Makkah after martyring nearly seventy Muslims. Muslims were trying to find their martyrs when the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم expressed his feeling saying, ‘Is there anyone who may go and see as to what happened to Sa’d Bin Rabi’, is he alive or has he been martyred?’ Sayyiduna Zaid Bin Saabit رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ said. The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم sent me to get information about Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ and said, ‘If you see Sa’d, convey him my Salaam and tell him that Rasoolullah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is asking, ‘How are you?’. While moving around the martyrs Sayyiduna Zaid Bin Saabit  رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُcalled him many times, but came no reply. Then suddenly, he heard a weak voice ‘What is it?’ Sayyiduna Zaid رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ moved towards the direction [of the voice] and saw that he [Sayyiduna Sa’d] had few breaths left. Sayyiduna Zaid رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ said, ‘The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has sent me to see whether you are alive or not.’ Now see the sentiments of this true devotee of the Beloved Prophet in the last moments of his life.

Pleased with his death

Having heard the words of Sayyiduna Zaid, Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ opened his eyes and asked, ‘Is the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم alive?’ ‘He is safe and sound’ and has sent you his Salaam,’ replied Sayyiduna Zaid رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ. Sayyiduna Sa’d رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ replied, ‘Salaam be upon the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم and you too. All praise be to Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ that my Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is safe and now my heart is feeling happy to die. Convey my Salam to the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم and humbly say that Sa’d is saying, ‘Ya Rasoolallah! I am feeling the fragrance of Paradise and humbly say that Sa’d is saying, ‘May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ reward you from our side better than the reward that He bestows upon a Prophet عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام from his Ummah.’’

Message to his tribe

[He then asked Sayyiduna Zaid] Convey my Salaam to my tribe of Ansar and say, ‘You made a pledge to the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم [at the time of] Bay’at [oath of allegiance] of Uqbah’. ‘None of your excuses will be acceptable in the court of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ if the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is martyred because of your negligence even for a moment.’ Having said this Sayyiduna Sa’d رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ passed away. His body had seventy scars of arrows, spears and swords. (Seerat Halbiyyah, vol. 2, pp. 333, Zurqaani Alal Muwatta, vol. 3, pp. 64, Taht-al-Hadees: 1028 – Muheet-ul-Burhani, vol. 2, pp. 292, Siyar A’lam-un-Nubala, vol. 1, pp. 198, 199, summarised)

Du’a for goodness

When this news reached the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, these blessed words were on his blessed tongue: ‘May mercy be upon him, for he remained faithful to Allah and Rasool in every state, whether it be life or death’. (Usad-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 2, pp. 414)

His body remained intact

Sayyiduna Kharja Bin Zaid رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ was one of the martyrs of Uhud. He and Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُمَا were buried in the same grave. After a long period of forty-six years during the reign of Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ, the work of digging a canal between wells started. When the work started, an announcement was made to call the heirs of the martyrs of Uhud to come over there. People gathered there (and witnessed the seepage in the graves, therefore, the graves were dug), the bodies of martyrs were fresh. When they were taken out of the graves, they looked as if they had been sleeping and had been buried the previous day. The graves smelt of a fragrance like that of musk. The grave of Sayyiduna Kharja and Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُمَا did not have the signs of seepage, therefore their bodies were not removed and their grave was levelled by putting earth. (Tabaqat Ibn-e-Sa’d, vol. 3, pp. 396, Seerat Ibn-e-Kaseer, vol. 3, pp. 87)

Daughters got their inheritance

His blessed wife came to the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم with her two daughters and humbly said, ‘Ya Rasoolallah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم! These two are the daughters of Sa’d who was martyred in the Battle of Uhud. Their uncle has taken their entire wealth leaving nothing for them. They cannot get married unless they have [their] wealth.’ The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ will send his decree on this matter’ and then the Ayah of inheritance was revealed. The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم sent his order to the uncle of those girls asking him to give two-thirds to both of the daughters of Sa’d and eighth part to the mother of the girls and keep for himself whatever is left. (Tirmizi, vol. 4, pp. 28, Hadees 2099)

May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ have mercy on him and forgive us for his sake.

اٰمِیْن بِجَاہِ النَّبِیِّ الْاَمِیْن   صلَّی اللہ علیہ واٰلہٖ وسلَّم

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