Answers to your questions

The ruling on adding a Surah in the third or fourth Rak’at of a Fard Salah

Question 1: What do Islamic scholars say about this matter: If someone added a Surah to Surah Al-Fatihah in the third or fourth Rak’at of a 4-Rak’aat Fard Salah then what is the ruling? And if a Surah is added, will Sajdah Sahw become compulsory? (Questioner: Hasnayn Meeran – a Mahnamah reader)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

There is a difference of opinion of Fuqaha (Islamic jurists) regarding reciting another Surah after Surah Al-Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak’at of Fard Salah. According to some Fuqaha it is Mustahab (preferable) whereas, some declare it as Makruh Tanzeehi. Sayyidi A’la Hadrat رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ has reconciled this difference of opinion of Fuqaha in Fatawa Razawiyyah volume 8, page 195 in this way: Where adding Surah in the third and fourth Rak’at of Fard Salah is mentioned as Makruh, it means to add Surah after reciting Surah Al-Fatihah by the Imam and where it is mentioned as Mustahab and Nafl, it means to add Surah by an individual (Salah offering person). Therefore, in the light of this reconciliation, there is no harm in it rather Mustahab to add another Surah after Surah Al-Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak’at of Fard Salah for the individual i.e. the one who offers Salah individually. However, for Imam adding Surah in the third and fourth Rak’at of Fard Salah is Makruh Tanzeehi. In case, if adding Surah causes distress to Muqtadis[1] then it is Makruh Tahreemi i.e., near to Haraam. And as far as Sajdah Sahw is concerned it becomes Wajib upon forgetfully missing any Wajib of Salah. In case of adding a Surah in the third or fourth Rak’at of Fard Salah, no Wajib of the person offering Salah gets missed. Therefore, if Imam or a person offering Salah individually, intentionally or unintentionally adds Surah, no Sajdah Sahw will be Wajib in either case.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

How is it to offer other Salahs with the Wudu done for funeral Salah?

Question 2: What do the Islamic scholars say regarding this matter: Can we offer other Salahs with the Wudu done for funeral Salah? It is famous in public that other Salahs cannot be offered from the Wudu done for funeral Salah. Is it correct? (Questioner: An Islamic sister, Sardarabad)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

All other Salahs Fard, Wajib, Sunnah and Nafl can indeed be offered from the Wudu done for funeral Salah. There is no problem with it. The ruling prevailing in public that other Salahs cannot be offered from the Wudu of funeral Salah is merely false and incorrect.

Imam of Ahl-us-Sunnah, Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ replies to a similar question, ‘This ruling famous amongst the uneducated that ‘from the Wudu of funeral Salah one cannot offer other Salah’, is incorrect, wrong and baseless. The true ruling is that if funeral Salah is started and some people came (to attend), they are healthy and water is available (i.e. there is no ‘Uzr-e-Shar’i for them to perform Wudu) but if they perform Wudu then the funeral Salah will be finished and there is no Qada of funeral Salah nor funeral Salah can be offered again on the same deceased. This compulsion allows them to make Tayammum and join the funeral Salah, other Salahs cannot be offered from this Tayammum nor can they touch the Holy Quran nor can they perform those acts which can only be performed after obtaining Taharah, because, this Tayammum was done in spite of being healthy and availability of water due to a compulsion, therefore, only funeral Salah could be offered from this Tayammum as such this very Tayammum is not valid for other Salahs.’ (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 3, pp. 305)

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم



[1] Those who follow an Imam in congregational Salah

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