Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d Ansariyah رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا

Not only doing Zikr about the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, blessed companions and blessed Sahabiyyat رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم is a matter of great privilege for us but the parables of these holy personages are also guidance for us. Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا is also one of these great and blessed personalities.

Brief introduction

Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d’s name was ‘Jameelah’ but she رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا became known as ‘Umm-e-Sa’d’ which was her Kunyat. ‘Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ Ansari Khazraji رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ’, an illustrious and glorious blessed companion of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, was the father of Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا. He رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ was the same Sa’d Bin Rabi’ who was made ‘Deeni Bhai’, Islamic brother of Sayyiduna ‘Abdur Rahman Bin ‘Awf رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ when the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ established a relationship of brotherhood between Muhajireen and Ansaar. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, pp. 75, Hadees 2293) Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d’s mother name was Khallaadah Bint Anas Bin Sinaan.

Blessed birth

Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا was born after her blessed father had embraced martyrdom in the battle of Uhud. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ took the responsibility of bringing her up and took care of her in an excellent way. (Al-Isaabah, vol. 8, pp. 401)

Revelations about inheritance laws

After the demise of the father (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ) of Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا, her uncle usurped entire wealth depriving the wife and daughters of his brother following the practice of pre-Islamic era and left them with nothing.

Blessed wife of Sayyiduna Sa’d Bin Rabi’ رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ, along with her two daughters, came in the blessed court of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and humbly said, ‘Both [these girls] are the daughters of Sa’d Bin Rabi’. Father [of these girls] has been martyred in the battle of Uhud and their uncle has usurped their entire wealth. Their marriages will only be possible when they have something.’ The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ said, ‘Allah Almighty will make a judgement for you.’

Thereafter, blessed Ayahs regarding laws of inheritance revealed; after the revelation of these blessed Ayahs, the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ sent a message to the uncle of Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا asking him to give 2/3 of the wealth to both daughters of Sa’d, 1/8 to their mother and the rest of the wealth is his. (Sunan-ut-Tirmizi, vol. 4, pp. 28, Hadees 2099)

Nikah and children

Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا was married to Sayyiduna Zayd Bin Saabit Bin Dahhaak [ضَحَّاك] رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ. She had 7 children whose names are as follows: (1) Sa’d (2) Sulayman (3) Khaarijah (4) Yahya (5) Isma’eel (6) ‘Usman (7) Umm-e-Zayd. (At-Tabqat-ul-Kubra, vol. 8, pp. 348)

Mu’allimah of Quran

Dawood Bin Haseen said, ‘I, along with ‘Musa Bin Sa’d’, grandson of Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d, used to learn Glorious Quran from Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا.’

(Asad-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 7, pp. 369; Al-Isaabah, vol. 8, pp. 401)

Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ laid chador

One day Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Sa’d رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْھا came to the house of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ, he رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ laid chador for her. In the meantime, Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ also arrived and humbly asked, ‘Who is this young girl?’ Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ said, ‘She is the daughter of that man who had the honour of being the ‘Naqeeb’ [chief] of Khazraj tribe, who privileged to take part in the battle of Badr; [who], embraced martyrdom in the battle of Uhud and who got his abode in Jannah. It means she is a daughter of Sa’d Bin Rabi’ (رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ).’ (Al-Isaabah, vol. 1, pp. 49)

May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ have mercy on her and forgive us without accountability for her sake!

اٰمِيۡن بِجَاهِ النَّبِيِّ الۡاَمِيۡن صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم

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