Sayyidatuna Maryam Bint ‘Imran رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُمَا

Brief introduction

The name of the father of the mother of Sayyiduna ‘Isa عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام, Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا is ‘Imran Bin Masaan who had passed away when Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا was born. Her blessed mother Sayyidatuna Hannah Bint Faqooza [فاقوذا], who was the maternal aunt of Sayyiduna Yahya عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام, was very pious and abstinent. (Khaza`in-ul-‘Irfan, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 35, pp. 111)

Blessed birth of Sayyidatuna Maryam

Sayyidatuna Hannah رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا had no child. One day, in the shade of a tree she saw a sparrow which was loving its baby and feeding grain to it. Having seen this scene she felt like crying and made Du’a in the court of Allah Almighty for a child. Allah Almighty blessed her with an excellent daughter Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا. (Tafseer Baydawi, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 35 to 37, vol. 2, pp. 29-33)

Who brought her up?

Her father had departed this life when Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا was born, therefore after she was born, Sayyidatuna Hannah رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا wrapped her up in a piece of cloth and presented her to the scholars of Bayt-ul-Muqaddas so that they could provide guardianship to Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا. These respectful scholars were the descendants of Sayyiduna Haroon عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام and were given the responsibility for serving Bayt-ul-Muqaddas. Since Sayyiduna ‘Imran رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, his father was prominent amongst these Islamic scholars, all these Islamic scholars who were 29 in total took interest in bringing up Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا. Sayyiduna Zakariyya عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام said: ‘I deserve her more because her maternal aunt is in my home.’ The matter was resolved by a draw. When lots were drawn, the name of Sayyiduna Zakariyya عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام was chosen. In this way he عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام was given custody of Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا. (Khaazin, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 37, vol. 1, pp. 245)

Her virtues

With which virtues and marvels Allah Almighty has blessed this blessed girl who was born in the family of pious people can be read below. The name of no other woman except her has been mentioned in the Holy Quran. Satan touches every new-born baby with his fingers, but she رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا stayed safe from the touch of Satan. (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 3, pp. 107, Hadees 7712; summarised)

The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has regarded her as a perfect woman. He صَلَّى اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said: There are many perfect men, but amongst women Aasiyah and Maryam, the daughter of ‘Imran (رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُمَا), are perfect. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, pp. 445, Hadees 3411)

The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said: Maryam, the daughter of Imran, (رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُمَا) is the best amongst women of her age. (Sahih Muslim, pp. 1015, Hadees 6217)

Saintly-miracles

Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا continued to grow very fast as compared to other children. Commentators have said that she would grow so much in one day as other children grow in one year. (Tafseer Baghawi, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 38, vol. 1, pp. 228)

Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا would get unseasonal fruits from Paradise; she رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا was not nursed by any woman. (Tafseer Baydawi, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 37, vol. 2, pp. 34) Once finding the unseasonal fruits with Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا Sayyiduna Zakariyya عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام asked her a question: From where do you get this fruit? Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا replied: It is from Allah Almighty. Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا had this Conversation when she was being brought up in a cradle. (Khaazin, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 37, vol. 1, pp. 246)

Sayyiduna Zakariyya’s devotion to her

Sayyiduna Zakariyya عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام had no child too. At the place where the above-mentioned saintly-miracles of Sayyidatuna Maryam رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا occurred, he made a Du’a for a pious child. That’s why to make Du’a at sacred Ka’bah, blessed Raudah of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللّٰەُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, and shrines of blessed saints is very beneficial as these are the places which are greatly blessed with Divine mercy. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, part 3, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 38, vol. 1, pp. 470)

Patience of Sayyidatuna Maryam

Sayyiduna ‘Isa عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام was born to her without a father, therefore her nation inflicted great pain on her by taunting and speaking ill of her, but she remained patient and attained great status and high ranks. In the Holy Quran, Allah Almighty has praised her like this:

وَ مَرْیَمَ ابْنَتَ عِمْرٰنَ الَّتِیْۤ اَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا فَنَفَخْنَا فِیْهِ مِنْ رُّوْحِنَا وَ صَدَّقَتْ بِكَلِمٰتِ رَبِّهَا وَ كُتُبِهٖ وَ كَانَتْ مِنَ الْقٰنِتِیْنَ۠(۱۲)

And the (example) of Maryam the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, We therefore breathed into her (through Jibra`eel) a Spirit from Ourselves, and she testified the Words of her Lord and His Books, and was amongst the obedient.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 28, Surah At-Tahreem, Ayah 12)

May Allah Almighty have mercy on her and forgive us without any accountability for her sake!

اٰمِيۡن   بِجَاهِ   النَّبِيِّ  الۡاَمِيۡن   صَلَّى  اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى  عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم

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Sayyidatuna Maryam Bint ‘Imran رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُمَا

How is it to miss the Sawm of expiation because of attending a ceremony?

Question 1: What do respected Islamic scholars say about the following issue? There was a woman who was keeping the Siyam [i.e. fasts] of expiation for invalidating a Sawm. Before she could keep all sixty Siyam, her menses started. After the menses ended, she did not keep the Sawm the next day because of attending a ceremony. Having returned from the ceremony, she kept the Sawm the next day. The question is, will her expiation be valid or not in this case?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: In the situation mentioned in the question, the expiation is not valid. If a missed Sawm is to be expiated by keeping Siyam, then it is a condition that the Siyam of expiation must be kept consecutively. However, a woman when experiencing menses is forbidden by Shar’iah from keeping Siyam. In this case, after her menses have ended, she must resume keeping Siyam right from the next day. In this way, she will keep the remaining Siyam and her expiation will be valid. If she misses the Sawm even a single day after the menses end, as is mentioned in the question, then her expiation will not be valid even though she keeps all the remaining Siyam. It is now obligatory for her to keep all Siyam again. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, vol. 5, pp. 142)

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Wearing white clothes and combing hairs during Iddat

Question 2: What do respected Islamic scholars say about the following issues?

It’s a custom in our family that a woman, going through ‘Iddat for the demise of her husband, wears only white clothes. Is a woman really commanded to wear only white clothes?

Is it permissible to comb hairs during ‘Iddat?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer:

1.       Wearing only white clothes is not necessary for the woman going through ‘Iddat. She is allowed to wear clothes in other colours as well. However, it is Wajib to refrain from wearing clothes in colours that are worn for beauty such as red, etc. Furthermore, she is also not allowed to wear new clothes in any colour. (Fatawa ‘Aalamgiri, vol. 1, pp. 533)

It is not permissible to comb hairs during the ‘Iddat period. However, if there is some valid excuse such as headache, then it is allowed to comb hairs without the intention of beauty. But she can use only the thick teeth side of the comb, not the thin teeth one. (Rad-dul-Muhtar, vol. 5, pp. 222; Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 13, pp. 331; Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 2, pp. 242)

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Ruling on Salah during which menses start

Question 3: What do respected Islamic scholars say about the following issue? If an Islamic sister starts experiencing menses during Salah, then will she have to offer this Salah again later on?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: In the situation mentioned in the question, if bleeding starts during the Salah, then she is exempted from that Salah. In other words, she is not required to offer it as Qada after she has gained purity. However, if she experiences this condition during a Nafl Salah, then she must offer it as Qada after she has gained purity. (Bahr-ur-Raa`iq, vol. 1, pp. 356; Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 4, pp. 349; Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 380)

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

 

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