Grand-daughter of Holy Rasool صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, Sayyidatuna Umamah رضی الله تعالٰی عنها

Sayyidah Umamah Bint Abul ‘Aas was one of the blessed grand-daughters of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. She رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا was the eldest and the dearest grand-daughter of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.

Rank and status

For describing her excellence and virtues, the following facts are sufficient that:

Sayyidah Zaynab رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا was her mother, Sayyiduna Abul ‘Aas Bin Rabi’ رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ was her father, Umm-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyidah Khadijah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا was her maternal grandmother and the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم was her maternal grandfather.

Deep affection of Beloved Rasool towards Sayyidah Umamah

The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم had deep affection towards Sayyidah Umamah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا. Therefore, Sayyiduna Abu Qatadah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ said: Once the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم came while carrying Umamah Bint Abul ‘Aas (his grand-daughter) on his blessed shoulder. Thereafter, he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم began to lead Salah. When he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم would perform Ruku’ [bow down], he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم would put her down, and when he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم would stand up, he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم would pick her up. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 4, pp. 100, Hadees 5996)

Commenting on the above-mentioned blessed Hadees, commentator of Bukhari, Mufti Sharif-ul-Haq Amjadi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: Some people think that carrying small child during Salah would invalidate one’s Salah. In order to nullify this impression and presumption, Imam Bukhari wrote this chapter and mentioned this blessed Hadees. If the dress and body of a small child are pure and there is no ‘Amal-e-Kaseer’[1] involved when carrying or putting him/her down in Salah, then it would not have any effect on Salah. (Nuzhat-ul-Qaari, vol. 2, pp. 198)

Two faith-refreshing parables regarding compassion

1 Once, a very beautiful necklace was presented in the court of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said: I will put it around the neck of the one whom I love the most in my family. The women said that the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم will bless Sayyidah ‘Aaishah Siddiqah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا with that necklace. But the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم called Sayyidah Umamah Bint Abul ‘Aas رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا and put that necklace around her neck with his own [blessed] hands. (Musnad Abi Ya’la, vol. 4, pp. 86, Hadees 4454)

2 Once Najashi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, the king of Ethiopia sent a set of clothes together with a gold ring as a gift to the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم gave this ring to Sayyidah Umamah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا. (Sharh-uz-Zurqaani ‘alal Mawahib, vol. 4, pp. 321; summarized)

Marriage with Sayyiduna ‘Ali (the lion of Allah)

After the blessed demise of Sayyidah Fatimah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا, Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم, as per the will of Sayyidah Fatimah (رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا), married Sayyidah Umamah Bint Abul ‘Aas (رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا). (Madarij-un-Nubuwwah, vol. 2, pp. 325)

One of her blessed son’s name was Muhammad Al-Awsat. (Sift-us-Safwah, vol. 1, pp. 163)



[1] For learning the details of ‘Amal-e-Kaseer’, read page 242 of the book ‘Namaz kay Ahkam’ [Laws of Salah], authored by Shaykh-e-Tareeqat, Ameer-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat دَامَت بَرَکاتُہُمُ الْعَالِیَہ.

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