Few important rulings of Salah
By: Shaykh-e-Tareeqat, Ameer-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat, ‘Allamah Maulana, Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qaadiri Razavi دَامَـتْ بَـرَكَـاتُـهُـمُ الْـعَـالِـيَـه.
It is stated in a blessed Hadees: The one who does not perform complete Ruku’ and Sujood (prostration), the Salah says to him: May Allah Almighty destroy you the way you wasted me. Then that Salah is wrapped around in old clothes and thrown at the face of the Namazi (Salah-offering person). (Shu’ab-ul-Iman, vol. 3, pp. 144, Hadees 3140)
Moreover, it is stated in a narration: Worst of the thieves is the one who steals within the Salah. It was humbly asked: Who is the thief of Salah? He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم replied: The one who does not perform his Ruku’ and Sujood completely. (Shu’ab-ul-Iman, vol. 8, pp. 386, Hadees 22705)
Keeping in view few common mistakes committed nowadays during Salah, some Madani pearls are presented below:
٭ Minimum requirement of bowing down in Ruku’ is that if one stretches his hands, they reach the knees. Whereas complete Ruku’ is that the back shall be absolutely straight. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, part 3, vol. 1, pp. 513)
٭ To bow down in Ruku’ during Salah is Fard, and to stay there for a little while, meaning to perform Ruku’ satisfactorily is Wajib. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 2, pp. 75)
٭ In case of performing Sajdah (prostration) on something soft such as grass, cotton, carpet etc., it is necessary to press your forehead and nasal bone to such an extent that it cannot be pressed any further. If forehead is not pressed to the amount mentioned, then Salah will not be valid, whereas if the nasal bone was not pressed to such extent, then the Salah will be Makruh Tahreemi and it will be Wajib to offer that Salah again. (‘Aalamgiri, vol. 1, pp. 70)
٭ Base of one toe in Sajdah is Fard to be touching the ground, and base of majority of the toes touching the ground is Wajib. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 3, pp. 253; summarized)
٭ To stand up straight after Ruku’ and to sit down straight in between two Sajdahs is Wajib. Moreover, within these durations, it is also Wajib upon one to at least stay in that position for the time it takes to say ‘سُبْحٰنَ اللہ’ once. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, part 3, vol. 1, pp. 518; Namaz kay Ahkam, pp. 218)
٭ Itching the body in one Rukn (position) three times invalidates the Salah. For example, one itches for the first time and removes his hand, then he itches again and removed his hand, now as soon as he itches again, his Salah will get invalidated. Moreover, placing the hand once (at an organ) and moving it several times will be considered scratching once only. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, part 3, vol. 1, pp. 614)
٭ It is Makruh Tahreemi for a Muqtadi [one offering Salah behind the Imam] to go in Ruku’ or Sujood (prostration) before the Imam or raise his head before him [the imam] (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 629).
٭ It is Makruh Tahreemi to look here and there by turning your face around during Salah. Whereas, to look here and there unnecessarily without moving face is Makruh Tanzeehi. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, part 3, vol. 1, pp. 626)
(In order to learn detailed rulings regarding Salah, please study the third part of Bahar-e-Shari’at and ‘Laws of Salah’).