Our pious predecessors

Abu Majid Muhammad Shahid Attari Madani

Jumadal Oola is the fifth month of the Islamic year. Sixty two noble companions, scholars of Islam and blessed saints who passed away in this month were briefly mentioned in the Jumadal Oola 1438 AH. to 1441 AH. editions of the Monthly Magazine ‘Faizan-e-Madinah’. Let us read about 13 more blessed individuals:

Noble Companions عَـلَيْهِمُ الرِّضْوَانْ:

1.   Maternal grandson of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Usman رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُما, is the son of Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyiduna ‘Usman-e-Ghani رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ and the apple of the eye of Sayyidatuna Ruqayyah رَضِیَ اللهُ عَنْهَا, the daughter of the Prophet. He was born in Abyssinia two years before the migration to Madinah. He passed away at the age of six in Jumadal Oola 4 AH. in Madinah-tul-Munawwarah. The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم led the funeral prayer and his father, Sayyiduna Usman-e-Ghani رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ, lowered him into the grave. (Asad-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 3, p. 341 – Al-Bidayah wan Nihayah, vol. 3, p. 236)

2.   Sayyiduna Abu Muhammad, Fazl Bin ‘Abbas Haashimi رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُما was the paternal cousin of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, the nephew of Umm-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyidatuna Maimoonah رَضِیَ اللهُ عَنْهَا and the eldest son of Sayyiduna ‘Abbas Bin ‘Abdul Muttalib رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُما. He was very graceful and handsome. He accepted Islam on the occasion of the conquest of Makkah. During the sermon of the farewell Hajj, he was sat behind the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم on the camel. He took part in the shrouding and burial of the Noble Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. He participated in many Ghazawat (Islamic battles) including Ghazwah Hunayn. According to one opinion, he was martyred on 27 Jumadal Oola 13AH in the battle of Ajnadeen. (Al-Istee’aab fi Ma’rifa-til-Ashaab, vol. 3, p. 333 – Al-Bidayah wan Nihayah, vol. 5, p. 170)

Blessed Saints رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ

3.   A son from the Kaazimi family, Sayyiduna Meeran Sayyid Husain Zaheeruddin Khang Suwaar Tawakkuli رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a gatherer of inner and outer knowledge, an accomplished saint and Sayyid-us-Sadaat.  After migration, he permanently settled in an area of Hyderabad Deccan (India) known as Aalas and passed away on 22nd Jumadal Oola 848AH. (Tazkira-tul-Ansaab, p. 201)

4.   A Sufi scholar, Sayyiduna Makhdoom Shaykh Samauddin Soharwardi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 808 AH in Multan and passed away on 17th Jumadal Oola 901 AH. His shrine is in Mahr Wali near Hawz Shamsi, old Delhi. He was a gatherer of the knowledge of Shari’ah and Tareeqah, an epitome of piety and righteousness and a true ascetic. He wrote commentaries and marginal notes on many books. (Akhbar-ul-Akhyar (Persian), p. 211 – Wali kay 22 Khuwajah, p. 173)

5.   Founder of the Rahmani spiritual circle, Sayyiduna Sufi Shah In’aam-ul-Rahman Quddoosi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born into a religious family in Saharanpur (U.P.), India and it is here that he passed away on 28 Jumadal Oola 1373 AH. His shrine is in Ghotay Shah Graveyard. Throughout his life, he distributed the spiritual blessings of the Chishti Saabiri order. The famous Shaykh of Tareeqah from Karachi, Mahboob-e-Rahmani Sayyiduna Sufi Shah Muhammad Farooq Rahmani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه is his Khalifah [i.e. successor]. (Malfozaat-e-Khuwajah Mahboob-e-Rahmani, p. 22 to 25)

6.   Shahanshah-e-Wilayat, Sayyiduna Maulana Hafiz Peer Sayyid Wilayat Shah Gujrati Jama’ati رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1306 AH in the area of Rani Waal (Gujrat, Punjab) and passed away in the city of Gujrat in the state of Salah on 26 Jumadal Oola 1390 AH. His shrine was made in the vicinity of his own constructed Shah Wilayat Masjid. He was a Hafiz of the Quran, a graduate of Jami’ah Nu’maniyyah Lahore, an eloquent orator, teacher of the scholars, founder of Madrassa Ta’leem-ul-Quran and Madrassa Anjuman Khuddam-us-Sufiyah, an active guide of Ahl-us-Sunnah and a Shaykh-e-Tareeqat of the Naqshbandiyyah Jama’atiyah spiritual order. (Tazkirah Khulafa-e-Ameer-e-Millat, p. 313)

7.   Peer-e-Tareeqat, Maulana Hafiz Shah Ghulam Rasool Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born into a religious and Sufi family of Karachi in 1306 AH and passed away there on 18 Jumadal Oola 1391 AH. His shrine is in the vicinity of Khanqah Ilmiyyah Qadiriyyah which is adjacent to the Qadiri Masjid (soldier bazaar, Karachi). He was an outstanding and famous scholar, Shaykh-e-Tareeqat, founder of Anjuman Jam’iyyat-ul-Ahnaaf, a poet who composed and recited Na’t of the Prophet, an author of almost 30 books and an active personality. He travelled to Bareilly Shareef and beheld A’la Hadrat رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه and also sent questions (to him) by post and gained benefit. (Jahan-e-Imam Ahmad Raza, vol. 5, pp. 283 to 285)

Scholars of Islam رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ

8.   Shaykh-ul-Islam, Sayyiduna Shaykh Ahmad Bin ‘Umar Bin Surayj Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in the third century Hijrah and passed away on 25 Jumadal Oola 306 AH in Baghdad. He was buried near the village of Karkh. He was a great Shaafi’i jurist, Imam of the Muslims, Qadi of the time, an author of many books and a Mujaddid [i.e. revivalist] of the third century. ‘اَجْوِبَۃ فِیْ اُصُوْلِ الدِّين’ is his book. (Wafyaat-ul-A’yaan, vol. 1, p. 89 – Tahzeeb-ul-Asmai Wal Lughaat, vol. 2, p. 530)

9.   Shaykh-ul-Hanafiyyah, Sayyiduna ‘Allamah Abu Bakr Muhammad Bin Musa Khwarizmi Baghdadi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an excellent scholar, Mufti of Islam, amazing teacher and Imam of his time.  He passed away on 1st Jumadal Oola 403 AH in Baghdad. He is included amongst the jurists of Baghdad. He was offered the role of Qadi but he refused it.  (Siyar-e-A’lam-un-Nubala, vol. 13, p. 144 )

10.   The sun of Hind, Makhdoom Sayyid Asaduddin Suharwerdi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Wasit (Iraq) and passed away in Zafarabad (district Jaunpoor, U.P.), India on 10th Jumadal Oola 793 AH. He was Hafiz of the Quran, Qaari of seven Qira’at, an ocean of outer and inner knowledge, Mujahid of Islam, author of books, Khalifah [a person permitted to make Mureed in a specific spiritual order] of Shah Rukn-e-‘Aalam Suharwerdi and was consulted by one and all, the affluent as well as the destitute people. (Islami encyclopaedia, vol. 1, p. 69)

11.   The shining lamp of Khanqah Ajmaliyyah Ilahabad, Sayyiduna Maulana Muhammad Taahir Ilahabadi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a scholar, author of books, teacher and poet. His works include Hawashi Tafseer-e-Bayzawi, Tahqeeq-ul-Haq and Sharh Fusoos. He passed away on 2nd Jumadal Oola 1143 AH at the age of 34. (Shu’ara-e-Hijaaz, pp. 361, 362)

12.   Ustad-ul-‘Ulama, Sayyiduna Maulana Bismillah Muhammad Jameel Burhanpuri Mujaddidi ‘Abbasi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was the first teacher of Dar-ul-Uloom Hyderabad Deccan and he was an excellent and prominent scholar of this area. He passed away on 23rd Jumadal Oola 1274 AH. His shrine is in Safdar Nawaz Jang Masjid (area Shakar Ganj), Hyderabad Deccan. (Tazkira-tul-Ansaab, pp. 255, 256)

13.   Muhaqqiq-e-Rabbani, Sayyiduna Shaykh Muhammad Bin Qaasim Qundoosi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in approximately 1201 AH in Qundoos Al-Jazaair (Africa) and passed away in Fez, Morocco, on 12th Jumadal Oola 1278 AH. Situated outside Bab-ul-Futooh in Rauda Awlad Siraaj, his shrine is famous. He was a scholar who authored books, a saint who manifested saintly miracles and a Shaykh-e-Tareeqat of the Qadiriyyah and Shaaziliyyah Ziyaniyyah spiritual order. Many scholars and spiritual guides were his students and Khalifahs. (Sharab-u-Ahl-is-Safa, pp. 13 to 23)

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