Our pious predecessors

 

Jumadal Ukhra is the sixth month of the Islamic year. Of the Noble Companions رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُم, scholars of Islam and great saints رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه who passed away in it, 62 of them have been briefly mentioned in the issues of the monthly magazine Faizan-e-Madinah Jumadal Ukhra 1438 AH to 1441 AH. Here is a brief introduction to 13 more:

The Noble Companions رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُم

1.   The companion of the Prophet, Sayyiduna ‘Amr Bin Abu ‘Amr Bin Shaddad Fihri Qurashi رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ is a Badri companion. According to one narration, he was a part of Sayyiduna Ali’s رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ army in the battle of Jamal (10 Jumadal Ukhra, 36 AH) and was martyred in the same battle. He is also a narrator of Hadees. (Usd-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 4, p. 272)

2.   Sayyiduna Zayd Bin Suhaan ‘Abdi رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ was one of the chiefs of the tribe of Abdul Qays. He was a good scholar, a learned man and a warrior. During the caliphate of Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ, one of his hands was cut off in the battle of Jaloola` in Iran, while he himself was martyred in the battle of Jamal. At the time of his martyrdom, he was carrying the flag of the tribe of Abdul Qays in one hand. The Battle of Jamal took place on 10 Jumadal Ukhra 36 AH in Basra, Iraq. (Al-Istee’aab fi Ma’rifah al-Ashaab, vol. 2, pp. 124-230 )

The Saints and the Noble Mashaaikh رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه

3.   Sayyiduna Ka’b Bin Soor Azdi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه accepted Islam in the time of the Prophet, but did not get the honour of actually beholding the Prophet. He was a great scholar, and Sayyiduna Umar رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ made him the judge of Basra. He remained a judge until the time of his martyrdom. He was martyred in the battle of Jamal (10 Jumadal Ukhra 36 AH) while he was holding the Holy Quran in his hand and was stopping the people from fighting in the battle. Imam Muhammad Bin Seereen رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه is his student. (Al-Istee’aab fi Ma’rifah al Ashaab, vol. 3, p. 376; Usd-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 4, p. 505)

4.   The birth of the son of Ghaus-ul-Wara, Sayyiduna Shaykh Musa Jilani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه took place in 539 AH and he passed away in the neighbourhood of Uqaybah in Damascus in the beginning of Jumadal Ukhra 618 AH. He was buried on Mount Qasiyoon. Among the children of Ghaus-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه, he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه lived the longest. He was a student of Ghaus-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه, a Hanbali jurist, a Muhaddis of his time and a teacher of the people of Damascus and Egypt. (Ithaf-ul-Akabir, p. 373)

5.   An exemplar of perfection, Qutb-e-‘Aarifeen, Sayyiduna Shah Sayyid Murtaza Qadiri Bijapuri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an illuminated lamp of the Ghausiyyah family and a saint possessing power and (saintly) miracles. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه would often remain in a state of spiritual immersion. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Ahmedabad, Gujarat and passed away on 29th or 30th Jumadal Ukhra in Bijapur (Karnataka state), India. His shrine is outside the gate of Ibrahimpur in Bijapur and is a place that attracts countless visitors. (Tazkirah Al-Ansaab, p. 136, Waqi’aat Mumalkat Bijapur, vol. 2, p. 71)

6.   Khalifah-e-Shams-ul-‘Aarifeen, Sayyiduna Khwajah Sayyid Ghulam Shah Hamdaani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1222 AH in a Sayyid family. He had a passion for worship and Sufism since his childhood. As a boy, he became a disciple of Peer Pathan, Khuwajah Muhammad Sulayman Taunsvi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه and later Peer Siyaal Lajpaal bestowed upon him the Khilafah of the Chishtiyyah Nizamiyah order. He was very generous, beneficent, reliant on Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, and a man of spiritual efforts and saintly miracles. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 13th Jumadal Ukhra 1293 AH. His shrine is situated in Haranpur (Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan), Jehlum District .(Tazkirah Awliya Jehlum, pp. 362-368)

7.   Khalifah-e-Sher-e-Rabbani, Maulana Peer Hafiz Sayyid Muhammad Ibraheem Bukhari رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1314 AH in Choni Kalan (Ambala district) and passed away on 25th Jumadal Ukhra 1387 AH. His shrine is in Peer Bukhari Narang Mandi (Sheikhupura district). He was a memoriser of the Quran, a great scholar of the religion, a graduate of Jami’ah Nu’maniyyah Lahore, a teacher of Dars-e-Nizami, a disciple and caliph of Sayyiduna Miyan Sher Muhammad Sharaqpuri, and a saint who manifested saintly miracles. (Khanwadah Hadrat Ishaan, pp. 633-642,785)

8.   Sultan-ul-‘Aarifeen Sayyiduna Miyan Jee Peer Hakeem Khadim Ali Sialkoti رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a resident of Kotli Loharaan (Sialkot district), a religious scholar and an expert herbalist. Sayyiduna Khuwajah Hafiz Abdul Kareem (Eidgah Rawalpindi) and Ameer-e-Millat Peer Sayyid Jama’at Ali Shah Alipuri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْهِمَا granted him Khalifah. He was someone whose supplications were accepted and he was a man of saintly miracles. He passed away on 30th Jumadal Ukhra 1391 AH. His shrine is situated in the Shaheedaan graveyard (Hakeem Khadim Ali Road), Sialkot. (Tazkirah Akabir Ahl-e-Sunnat, pp. 135-138)

Scholars of Islam رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه

9.   Shaykh-ul-Islam, Sayyiduna Abu Ishaaq Ibraheem Firozabadi Sheerazi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 393 AH in Firozabad (Faris Province), Iran and passed away on 21st Jumadal Ukhra, 476 AH in Baghdad. He was buried in Bab Abraz, Baghdad, Iraq. He was a Mujtahid of Shaafi’i jurisprudence, Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen in jurisprudence, an author of many books, characterised by good morals, comprehensive in eloquence and rhetoric, and a teacher of Madrasah Nizamiyah, Baghdad. An-Nukat fi Al-Masaail-ul-Mukhtalif (النُكت فی المسائل المختلف) is his memorable academic achievement. (Siyar A’laam-ul-Nubala, vol. 14, pp. 7-14)

10.   Shaykh-ul-Islam, Sayyiduna ‘Allamah Muhammad Najm-ud-Deen Ghazzi Shaafi’i Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Damascus in 977 AH and passed away there on 18th Jumadal Ukhra, 1061 AH. He was buried in Shaykh Arsalaan graveyard. He was a leading religious scholar, a Muhaddis of Shaam, an authoritative historian and an author of many books. Husn-ul-Tanubbuh (حسن التنبّه) and Lutf-us-Samar wa Qatf-ul-Samar (لطف السمر وقطف الثمر) are his memorable works. (Husn-ul-Tanubbuh, Translation Al-Mu’alif, vol. 1, pp. 11-36)

11.   Sadr-ul-Sudoor, Maulana Hakeem Hafiz Faqeeh-ul-Deen Khan Qadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in a learned family. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away in Jumadal Ukhra, 1317 AH and was buried in the state of Bhopal. He was a memoriser of the Quran, a great religious scholar, an expert herbalist, the author of Risala-e-Chashmah-e-Hayat and had a personality that was loved by all. (Tazkira-e-Mashaheer-e-Kakori, p. 324)

12.   Maulana Mufti Ghulam Muhammad Bagwi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in a learned family in 1255 AH in Bagga (Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan) in Jehlum District. He received his knowledge of the religion from his respected father, Maulana Ghulam Muhy-ud-Deen Bagwi. He pledged spiritual allegiance in the Naqshbandi order, and came to Lahore to receive knowledge and spirituality, where the common people and the religious elite turned to him for guidance. Due to his efforts, the Baadshahi Masjid of Lahore prospered, and he was made its Imam, Khateeb and trustee. His passing took place at the place of his birth on 4th Jumadal Ukhra 1318 AH. (Tazkirah ‘Ulama Ahl-e-Sunnat-o-Jama’at, Lahore, p. 218)

13.   ‘Aalim-e-Rabbani, Mufti of the region, Maulana Mufti Khaleel-ur-Rahman Alawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1302 AH in Dhok Shams (Tehsil Gojar Khan, Rawalpindi district) and passed away at the same place on 13th Jumadal Ukhra, 1342 AH. He gained knowledge from ‘Allamah Ahmad Hassan Kanpuri in Madrasa Fayz Aam Kanpur and graduated from there. He was honoured with pledging spiritual allegiance to and gaining Ijazah from Qazi Sultan Mahmood Qadiri (A’waan Shareef, Gujrat district). (Salnamah Ma’arif Raza 2007, p. 219)

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