Our pious predecessors

Zul-Hijjah is the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar. Amongst those Blessed Companions, great Saints and Islamic scholars whose day of passing - ’Urs - falls in this month, there was a brief mention of forty-five of them in the Zul-Hijjah issues of the Monthly Magazine Faizān-e-Madīnah1438 AH – 1440 AH. Please read about a further thirteen below:

Blessed Companions رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُم 

   *Sayyiduna Ibrāhīm bin Nu’aym ‘Adawī Qurashī رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُwas born in Madīnah Munawwarah and was martyred there in the battle of Harrah which took place in Zul-Hijjah 63 AH. He was buried in Jannah al-Baqī’. He was the son of the prominent Companion, Sayyiduna Nu’aym Bin ’Abdullāh Nahhām رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  and the son-in-law of Sayyiduna ’Umar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ . He was righteous, a pious individual and a narrator of Hadīth. (Usd al-Ghābah, vol. 1, p. 70; Tabaqāt Ibn Sa’d, vol. 5, p. 130)

   *Sayyiduna Nu’mān Bin Bashīr Ansārī Khazraji رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  was born in Madīnah Munawwarah in 2 AH and was martyred in Zul-Hijjah 64 AH in Hims (Homs). His mausoleum is located in Homs, Syria. He was a major Companion, an influential personality, a great orator, poet, and was very generous and brave. He narrated one hundred and twenty-four Hadīths, and was made the governor of Damascus, Yemen, Kufa, and Homs one after the other. (Usd al-Ghābah, vol. 5, pp. 341-343; al-A’lām li al-Zarkalī, vol. 8, p. 36)

The noble Awliyā (Saints) رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه

   *The well-known Taabi’i, Sayyiduna Abu Katheer Aflah Madaniه رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was the freed slave of the companion: Sayyiduna Abu Ayyub Khaalid Ansaari رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ . He was from ‘Ayn al-Tamr (Iraq) but later became a resident of Madinah Shareef. He narrated Hadith from many Companions رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُم. He was the teacher of Sayyiduna Imam Ibn Seereen رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه. He was martyred in Madinah during the incident of Harrah in Zul-Hijjah 63 AH. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d, vol. 5, p. 64)

   *The Abdaal of his time, Sayyiduna Hammaad Bin Salamah Bin Dinar Basri Nahwi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in approximately 91 AH and passed away in Basra at the age of 76 in Zul-Hijjah 167 AH. He was a reliable narrator of ten thousand Hadeeths and reports. He was known as Shaykh al-Islam, Qudwah al-’Ulamaa, Ustadh al-Muhadditheen, the Mufti of Basra, the author of books, the Imaam of his era and one who recited the Qur’an in abundance. (Siyar A’laam al-Nubalaa, vol. 7, pp. 336-342)

   *Faqeeh Muqaddam Sayyid Muhammad Bin ’Ali Baa- ‘Alawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 574 AH in Tarim, Yemen and also passed away there in Zul-Hijjah 653 AH; he is buried in the Zanbal cemetery. He was a great Islamic scholar, the Muhaddith of his time, Shaafi’i jurist, the teacher of scholars, an influential personality of the Baa- ‘Alawi family and the founder of the Baa- ‘Alawiyyah spiritual order. (al-Ustaaz al-A’zam, pp. 13, 44, 89, 116)

   *The founder of the Qawuqjiyyah Shadhiliyyah spiritual order, Sayyiduna Shaykh Abul-Mahaasin Sayyid Muhammad Bin Khaleel Qawuqjee Hanafi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1224 AH in Tarablus, Shaam. He passed away on 7th Zul-Hijjah 1305 AH in Makkah Mukarramah and is buried in Jannah al-Ma’laa. He was a practising scholar, a jurist of Islam, the Shaykh of Shaykhs, the Muhaddih of his time and the author of more than a hundred books. The Mawlid book ‘Mawlood al-Qawuqjee’ was written by him. (Fayd al-Mulk, pp. 1407-1412; Tadhkirah Sanoosee Mashaa’ikh, p. 59)

   *Qudwah al-’Ulamaa, Sayyiduna Mawlana Shah Muhammad ’Adil Qaadiri Kanpuri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Narah, Illahabad (U.P.), India and passed away in Kanpur on 9th or 11th Zul-Hijjah 1325 AH and his mausoleum is also located there. He received authorisation from ’Allamah Sayyid Ahmad Dahlan Makki, and was the student of ’Allamah Salamatullah Kanpuri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه. He was a Hafiz [memoriser] of the Qur’an, a representative of the Qadiriyyah Barakatiyyah spiritual order, a perfect saint, an author of many books and legal verdicts (Fatwas), a worshipper, an ascetic, and was a combination of the Shari’ah and Tariqah. (Tadhkirah ’Ulamaa Haall, p. 236, Tadhkirah ’Ulamaa Ahl-e-Sunnat, p. 112)

Islamic scholars رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه

   *Khateeb Baghdadi, Sayyiduna Shaykh Abu Bakr Ahmad Bin ’Ali Safadi Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born into a scholarly family in an area known as Ghazyah, Hijaz on 392 AH, and passed away on 7th Zul-Hijjah 463 AH. He is buried at the feet of Sayyiduna Bishr Haafi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه in a cemetery of Baghdad which is known as Baab Harb. He was the Muhaddith of his time, an Islamic historian, the Mufti of his age, a teacher of Jaami’ al-Mansoor, a good Qaari [reciter of the Qur’an], an eloquent speaker and an expert in literature; he would sometimes speak words of poetry too. Of his many written works, Tarikh Baghdad is the reason for his fame. (Taareekh Baghdad, vol. 1, pp. 4-21)

   *The teacher of scholars, Mawlana Hakeem Sakhawat Husayn Sahwani Chishti رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Sahsawan (present-day Badayun, U.P. India) on 1240 AH. He passed away on 19th Zul-Hijjah 1299 AH in Khayrabad (Zila Satyapur, U.P. India) and was buried in Khanqah Hafiziyyah. He was an independent, steadfast Sunni scholar, teacher, a Haafiz [memoriser] of Bukhari and a teacher of Madrasah Misbah al-Tahzeeb, Bareilly Shareef. His family had close ties with A’la-Hadrat. (Hayaat Makhdoom Awliyaa, pp. 330, 331)

   *Ustaadh al-Kull, Mawlana Mufti Muhammad Lutfullaah Aligarhi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Plikhne (Lucknow, India) in 1244 AH, and passed away in Aligarh on 9th Zul-Hijjah 1334 AH. He was buried near the mausoleum of Sayyiduna Jamaal al-’Aarifeen رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه. He was a great religious scholar, an influential and active personality, someone who combined the rational and transmitted sciences, and a great Muhaddith of Hind. ’Allamah Sayyid Ahmad Muhaddith Kachochwi, ’Allamah Wasi Ahmad Muhaddih Surti, ’Allamah Ahmad Hassan Kanpuri and many other scholars were his students. (Ustaazh al-’Ulamaa, pp. 6, 32; Tadhkirah Muhaddith Soortee, pp. 46-50)

   *The Qadi of the Ahlus Sunnah, Sayyiduna Mawlana Ghulam Yasin Alawi Qadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born into a scholarly family in Bahadar Purah, Qasoor in 1262 AH. He passed away on 4th Zul-Hijjah 1347 AH in Dera Ghazi Khan and was buried in the vicinity of the mausoleum of the respected Mulla Qaaid Shah رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه. He was an accomplished scholar of the religion, a teacher of Dars e Nizami(Islamic scholar course), the judge of Dera Ghazi Khan and a representative of the Qadiriyyah spiritual order. He benefitted from Ala-Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه - via postal communication. (Jahaan Imaam Ahmad Razaa, vol. 5, pp. 156-159)

   *Zeenat-e-Masnad-e-Tadrees, Mawlana Ahmaduddin Chishti Nizami رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Bhoigar (district Hasan Abdaal, Attock) in 1277 AH, and passed away on 13th Zul-Hijjah 1349 AH. He was a student of Peer Mehr Ali Shah Gilani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه, and was a great religious scholar, a teacher of Dars e Nizami and the teacher of teachers. (Taareekh ‘Ulamaa-e-Bhoigaar, p. 109)

   *Shaykh al-Hadeeth Sayyiduna Mawlana Mufti ’Abd al-Hafeez Haqqani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born into a scholarly family in Bareilly Sharif (U.P.), India in 1318 AH, and passed away in Multan on 5th Zul-Hijjah 1377 AH. He was buried in Hasan Parwanah cemetery. He was a great Islamic scholar, the Mufti of Agra, the debater of the Ahlus Sunnah, an author, was very handsome, an excellent teacher and would deliver informative speeches. He taught in many Islamic seminaries and held the position of Shaykh al-Hadeeth. (Tadhkirah Akabir Ahl-e-Sunnat, pp. 210-214)

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