Changes keep occurring frequently in the world and people also experience changes in their lives so human needs and requirements are also replaced by the new demands. It is for the reason; the journey of progress also emerge new and modern worldly and religious issues. 100 years back, currency notes were introduced in China, then Japan, thereafter European countries and then gradually followed by Islamic countries and the Muslims. So, dirhams and dinars were replaced by the currency notes and a time has come when the coins are available in a very small and limited numbers whereas the currency notes are prevalent.
Many Shar’i issues and queries were raised when the currency notes spread in our societies
Does currency note fall under wealth or it is just a receipt? Is it Wajib to pay Zakat on currency notes? Is it correct to use it to pay Haq Mahr? Will a Shar’i punishment be applied if it is stolen from a safe place? If it is destroyed by someone then will he return in the form of currency note or can he also return it in the form of silver coins? Is it permissible to sell it against silver or gold coins? Is it permissible to give it as a loan? Is it permissible to sell it on credit for a fixed period against silver coins? And is it permissible to sell the currency notes against the price which is lower or higher than its value? Etc., etc.
When the chief Islamic jurist Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Hanafi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ visited Haram-e-Pak to have the privilege of performing Hajj in 1323 Hijri, many questions were asked to him regarding currency notes because the currency notes were new there at that time and the blessed Islamic jurists of Haramayn Sharifayn were worried and indecisive about their (currency notes) Shar’i rulings. Hanafi Imam Shaykh Abdullah Meer Daad Bin Ahmad Abul Khayr رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ humbly asked A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ12 questions regarding currency notes. He رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ wrote the answers within ‘one day and some hours’ and entitled the book ‘کِفْلُ الْفَقِیْہِ الْفَاہِم فِی اَحْکَامِ قِرْطَاسِ الدَّرَاھِم’. When the blessed scholars of Makkah Mukarramah such as Shaykh-ul-Aimmah Ahmad Bin Abul Khayr رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, Mufti-o-Qazi Saaleh Kamal رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, Haafiz Kutub-e-Haram Sayyid Ismail Khalil رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, Mufti Abdullah Siddeeq رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and Shaykh Jamal Bin Abdullah رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ saw this book, they were surprised and they appreciated it a lot. Currently this book is also a part of the curriculum of M.A. in Karachi University.
This book was published many times by different publishing houses even it was also published from Beirut (Lebanon) in 2005.
‘Shu’bah Kutub A’la Hadrat’, one of the departments of Majlis Al-Madina-tul-‘Ilmiyyah, has also published it in a modern style, meeting the current needs and requirements and it was entitled, ‘Currency Note kay Masa’il’ which is distinctive from many aspects compared to other publications. Especially five impressive acts were carried out on this book:
(1) All Fiqhi terminologies with definitions have been added in it.
(2) Excellent duly researched preface elaborating the Fiqhi status of currency notes.
(3) A summary of questions and answers has been added in the beginning of this marvellous book.
(4) English translation of Arabic words and Fiqhi terminologies has been added in brackets.
(5) References have been properly mentioned in the best possible way.
This is a valuable gift for the Muftis (jurists), blessed scholars and the students having interest in Fiqh and those having eagerness for reading contents on modern issues. Read it yourself and motivate others to read it as well. Present it as a gift especially to the Muftis of Islam and the blessed scholars.