Hijrat-e-Madinah

When the cruelties and oppressions of polytheists arose, then the believers migrated from Makkah to Madinah after getting the permission from the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. When the disbelievers wickedly planned to kill the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم out of the fear of Islam’s dominance, then by the command of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم also migrated with Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ. (Subul-ul-Huda War-Rishaad, vol. 3, pp. 224-231)

A very tight watch was laid down by the disbelievers. He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم left his blessed house reciting the Ayahs of Surah Yaseen and putting soil over their heads. He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم took Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ with him and stayed in the cave of Saur, situated 4 kilometres away at the right side of Makkah Mukarramah. (Seerah Ibn Hishaam, pp. 193)

On the way, Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ would at times walk at the right and left side of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم and at times, at the front and behind him, just to ascertain that he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم does not get ambushed by someone. While walking, when the blessed toes started aching, then he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ picked him [i.e. Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم] up on his shoulders and carried him to the cave. First, he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ himself entered [the cave] so that if there is any poisonous animal there, it will harm him and the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم will remain safe. (Lubab-ul-Ihya, pp. 160)

So, we came to know that even if one needs to sacrifice his life upon the love of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, then he must not step back from it. Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Abu Bakr, Sayyiduna Asma and ‘Aamir Bin Faheerah رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُم performed the duties of bringing the outside news, food and milk for them in the cave of Saur. (Seerat Ibn Hishaam, pp. 194)

There is a lesson for young Islamic brothers in this parable that they should render their services as much as possible for the propagation of Islam. (Fiqh-us-Seerah, pp. 241)

Unbelievers also reached the cave of Saur in search of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, but Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ kept him safe. This has been mentioned in the 40th Ayah of Surah At-Taubah, part 10: Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: Allah has already helped him, when he had to go out (for migration) due to the mischief of the disbelievers, just as two souls, when they were in the cave, when he was saying to his friend ‘do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us’; then Allah sent down His satisfaction upon him After staying there for three days, they left for Madinah.

Journey of migration and the miracles of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم

When the snake bit the heel of Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ then it healed up after Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم applied his blessed saliva on it.

For the safety from the unbelievers, a tree named ‘Umm-e-Gheelaan’ was planted at the mouth of the cave. Two pigeons made their nest and a spider spun a web there.

When Suraqah Bin Maalik came to arrest them, the earth grabbed him.

When he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم touched the weak goat of Umm-e-Ma’bad with his blessed hands, then all utensils got filled up with it [i.e. goat’s) milk. (As-Seerat-un-Nabawiyyah, vol. 1, pp. 386-390, 395-399)

 

The journey of migration commenced on Monday 1st Rabi’-ul-Awwal, and they arrived in Quba on 12th Rabi’-ul-Awwal. They stayed at the house of Sayyiduna Kulsoom Bin Hidm رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ for a few days. (As-Seerat-ul-Halbiyyah, vol. 2, pp. 72)

In the meanwhile, he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم constructed Masjid-e-Quba. Ayah No. 108 of Surah At-Taubah testifies the dignity and grandeur of this Masjid. He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم offered first Jumu’ah in the tribe of Banu Saalim. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 8, pp. 313)

Buraydah Aslami came to capture the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم but became captivated in the love of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. He humbly said: ‘Ya Rasoolallah صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم! Your entrance in Madinah would be with a flag.’ Then he used his turban as a flag. (As-Seerat-ul-Halbiyyah, vol. 2, pp. 71)

People of Madinah would sit on the paths every day and wait for the blessed arrival of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. When he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم blessed the plains of Madinah to kiss his blessed feet, then the people of Madinah instantly proclaimed while beholding him: ‘اَللهُ اَکبَر، جَاءَنَا رَسُولُ اللهِ جَاءَ مُحَمَّدٌ’ i.e. ‘Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has blessed us with his arrival.’ Furthermore; women, children and slave-girls recited Na’at in the following words:

 

طَلَعَ البَدرُ عَلَینَا مِن ثَنِیَّاتِ الوَدَاعِ، وَجَبَ الشُّکرُ عَلَینَا مَا دَعَا لِلهِ دَاعٍ

 

i.e. ‘A moon has risen upon us from the valleys of Wada’. It is Wajib [obligatory] upon us to pay gratitude until the supplication-making people keep supplicating.’

(Subul-ul-Huda War-Rishaad, vol. 3, pp. 271)

Furthermore; men and women from the rooftops, and children and slaves in the streets were proclaiming the following slogans: ‘یَا مُحَمَّدُ یَا رَسُولَ الله، یَا مُحَمَّدُ یَا رَسُولَ الله’.

(Sahih Muslim, pp. 1228, Hadees 7522)

 

Shah tum nay Madinah apnaya

Wah! Kya baat hay Madinay ki

Shah you adopted Madinah

How wonderful is Madinah

 

Apna Rauzah isi mayn banwaya

Wah! Kya baat hay Madinay ki

You made your Rauzah [shrine] in it

How wonderful is Madinah

 

Mayray Aqa Madinay jab aaye

Bachchiyon nay taraanay thay gaaye

When my Master came to Madinah

Little girls read the [welcoming] poems

 

Chaar soo khoob kaif tha chhaya

Wah! Kya baat hay Madinay ki

Amazing ecstasy had prevailed all around

How wonderful is Madinah

(Wasail-e-Bakhshish)

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