Biography of Sayyiduna Tufayl Bin ‘Amr Dausee رضی اللہ تعالی عنہما

Sayyiduna Zun-Noor Tufayl Bin ‘Amr Dausee رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُمَا was the chief and leader of the famous tribe of Yemen, “Daus”. He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ possessed great wisdom and spiritual insight, and was an illustrious poet.

How did he embrace Islam?

He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ mentions the parable of his acceptance of Islam himself in the following words: It was only the mountains of Makkah Mukarramah that were shining with the illuminations of Islam yet. One day, I came to Makkah Mukarramah for some work. People from the tribe of Quraysh came and said to me while pointing at the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم: He has scattered our tribe. His conversation is like a magic spell. His way of conversation is like magic. After listening to him, father separates from his son, brother distances himself from his brother, husband and wife become each other’s enemies. Safeguard yourself and your tribe from the difficulty that we have suffered. Neither speak to him, nor listen to anything he says.

Enlightened speech of the Embodiment of Noor

He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ says: After listening to the conversation of the disbelievers of Makkah, I made a firm intention of not listening to the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. Therefore, whenever I would go in the Haram-e-Ka’bah, I would close my ears by putting cotton into them so that the blessed voice of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم does not enter my ears. Once when I reached near Ka’bah, the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم was offering Salah. When I approached him further, his attractive voice started inclining my heart towards him. Contrary to my desire, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ still made me listen to some of his speech. At that time, I realised that his speech is extremely beautiful. I thought to myself: I am intelligent and sensible. Qualities and faults of someone’s speech cannot remain concealed from me. Why shall I listen to the disbelievers of Quraysh and not listen to the speech of such elegant and illuminated personality? If the speech is good, I will accept it. Or else, I will ignore it.

When the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم left from there, I followed him and reached his home. I humbly said to him: I entered Haram-e-Ka’bah with cotton into my ears so that I don’t get to hear your voice. But Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ had decided to make me listen to your speech. I have heard an extremely elegant and pure speech from you. Make me listen to the same speech again and tell me which religion’s teaching do you preach? The Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم invited me towards Islam and recited the Holy Quran. I instantly accepted Islam. Then I humbly said: Ya Rasoolallah صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم! I am the chief of my tribe. Upon my return, I will also give them the invitation to Islam, so they can attain guidance too. Please supplicate for me that Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ bestows any such sign apparent for me. The Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم supplicated in the following way: ‘اَللّٰہُمَّ اجۡعَلۡ لَّہٗ اٰیَۃ’ i.e. O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Establish a sign for him.

Noor (light) started shining

After this, I headed towards my tribe. At night time, when I reached the mountain near my house, a Noor started shining between both my eyes. I supplicated in the court of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ: O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Make this noor appear anywhere else than my face. Lest people do not get misled that my face has disfigured. As soon as I supplicated, that noor moved to the edge of my staff from my face. (Seerat Ibn Hishaam, pp. 151-152) That’s why his title is “Zun-Noor”. (Al-Istee’aab, vol. 2, pp. 312)

He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ further states that ‘my nation was watching the noor of my staff in such a way as if it was a lamp hung in the air’.

Household were blessed with the treasure of Islam

When morning arrived, my aged father wanted to speak to me. Then I said: ‘I have become Muslim, and have embraced Islam at the blessed hands of Rasoolullah صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.’ He said: ‘O beloved son! Whatever your religion is, same will be mine too now.’ I told him about the sanctified teachings and illuminated principles of Islam. Upon this, he too embraced Islam. Then my wife became Muslim too.

Invitation of Islam to the nation

After this, I presented the invitation of Islam to my nation. They rejected the invitation of Islam. Upon this, I became extremely disheartened. I presented myself in the blessed court of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم and humbly said: ‘My nation is not coming towards reformation at all. Therefore, supplicate for their destruction.’ But the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم supplicated for their guidance: ‘O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Grant the treasure of guidance to the people of Daus.’ Then he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said to me: ‘Return back to your nation and spread the message of Islam. Moreover, adopt courteous behaviour with them.’ (Seerat Ibn Hishaam, pp. 152)

Dear Islamic brothers! While acting upon the Madani pearls of wisdom bestowed by the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, when Sayyiduna Tufayl Bin ‘Amr Dausee رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ presented the call towards righteousness again to his nation, then he impressed his own acquaintances and strangers in such a way that they became ardent devotees of Islam and the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم for ever.

Blessings of invitation towards righteousness

In Muharram-ul-Haraam, 7 Hijri, he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ arrived in blessed Madinah with 70 or 80 families of his tribe. But then he found out that Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has left towards the fort of Khyber. Therefore, he presented himself in the court of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم along with everyone and made them all achieve the rank of Sahabi [companion]. It should be kept in mind that in this caravan, an illustrious personality such as Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ was also present.

After this, Sayyiduna Tufayl Bin ‘Amr Dausee رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ resided permanently in Madinah Munawwarah and participated in all future battles. After the conquest of Makkah in 8 Hijri, he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ left for his motherland “Daus” after seeking permission from the blessed court of Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. (Tabqat Ibn Sa’d, vol. 1, pp. 265; vol. 4, pp. 181, summarised)

After a few days, he joined the Muslim army in the battle of Taif along with 400 riders (fighters) of his tribe. (Subul-ul-Huda war-Rishaad, vol. 6, pp. 210)

One dream and its interpretation

He even remained at the forefronts in the battles that took place during the caliphate of Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, and when the Fitnah of apostasy begin, he proved to be a solidified-wall to the enemies. Before participating in the battle of Yamamah in the month of Rabi’-ul-Awwal 12 Hijri, he saw a dream. Then he also interpreted the dream himself, saying that ‘I will attain martyrdom in this battle and head towards my eternal destination’. After this, he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ participated in the battle with a new courage and hope, and baffled the armies of the claimer of false Prophethood, Musailmah Kazzaab (liar). At the end, he adorned himself with the title of “Shaheed” [martyr] and inscribed his name among the list of martyrs. (Seerat Ibn Hishaam, pp. 153; Tareekh Ibn ‘Asakir, vol. 11, pp. 113)

May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ have mercy upon him and forgive us without accountability for his sake!

 

Share

Articles

Comments


Security Code