Our Pious Predecessors
Dhul Qa’idah is the 11th month of the Islamic calendar. In the issues of this month, from years 1438 AH to 1441 AH, we have learned about 68 noble companions, Awliya, and scholars of Islam who passed away in this month. Now, we introduce 14 more:
From the Noble Companions رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُم
1. Sayyiduna Ka’b b. Zayd al-Najari al-Ansari رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ participated in the Expeditions of Badr, Khandaq and Bi’r Ma’unah. During the Bir Ma’unah expedition, all of the other noble companions were martyred except for him. But he رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ returned to Madinah as a warrior. In the Battle of Khandaq, in Dhul Qa’dah 5 AH, he رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ was fatally struck by an arrow and joined the ranks of the martyrs, (Al-Istee’ab, vol. 3, p. 376)
2. Sayyiduna Tha’labah b. Ghanamah al-Sulami al-Khazraji al-Ansari رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ embraced Islam during the Pledge of ‘Uqbah (Bay’at al-‘Uqbah). With a heart brimming with his new faith and love for Allah Almighty, he رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ travelled with a group of companions to his native tribe, the Banu Salamah, and destroyed their idols. After رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ participating in the Expeditions of Badr and Uhud, he was martyred in the Expedition of Khandaq. (Al-Istee’ab, vol. 1, p. 282; Tabaqat Ibn-e-Sa’d, vol. 3, p. 435)
The Honourable Awliya رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه
3. Teacher and spiritual guide of countless the scholars, Khwajah Sayyid Kamal-ud-Deen Dehlawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Oudh, India, and passed away in Delhi on 27 Dhul Qa’idah 756 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a seasoned scholar and a spiritual heir of the celebrated Sufi master, Khawajah Naseer-ud-Deen Chiragh Dehlawi. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a man of wisdom and miracles who attracted a large following in Gujrat, India and is hailed as one of the twenty prominent Sufi masters of Delhi, (Delhi kay bais Khuwajah, pp. 168-170).
Makhdoom Peer Sayyid Hamid Jahan Bakhsh Gilani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born at the Gilaniyyah Khanqah in Uch Sharif and he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away there on 19 Dhul Qa’idah 978 AH. As an authority in Islamic sciences and spiritual edification, he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه is described as an awe-inspiring and commanding personality, wholly independent, and generous. Over 100,000 people traversed the spiritual path under his guidance and even more followed him as he was among the saints whose supplications were immediately answered. (Tareekh Uch Mutabarrikah, pp. 207-209)
4. Shah Makhdoom Ghulam Muhyuddin Kasuri Da’im-ul-Huduri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1202 AH in Kasur, Pakistan and he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away there on 22 Dhul Qa’idah 1270 AH. Known for uncompromising adherence to the Sunnah, he emerged as a prominent figurehead of the Naqshbandi and Qadiri orders. Along with scholarly and spiritual pursuits, he was an avid poet whose anthology continues to be studied. The spiritual centres of Khanqah Lillah Shareef (Jhelum) and Beer Bul Shareef (Sargodha) were established through his blessings. (Tareekh Mashaaikh Naqshbandiyyah, p. 495-514)
5. The great forefather of the Sirhindi family in Sindh, Khawajah Abdur Rahman Kandahari Sirhindi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1244 AH in Ahmad Shahi, Afghanistan, and passed away on 2 Dhul Qa’idah 1315 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a compendium of the rational and transmitted sciences, an accomplished Sufi master of the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi order, the author of several books, and the guide of many senior scholars of Sindh. His resting place in Kohganj, Hyderabad, Sindh continues to be a locus of blessings. (Anwar-ul-‘Ulama-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Sindh, p. 521)
6. The epicentre of Hadith transmission, Sayyid Ahmad Shareef Sanusi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1284 AH in Jaghbub (Barqah Province, Libya), and he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 13 Dhul Qa’idah 1351 AH in Madinah Munawwarah. His funeral prayer was led by the Qutb of Madinah, Ziya-ud-Deen Ahmad Madani and he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was laid to rest in the illuminated al-Baqi Cemetery. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an eminent Shaykh of the Sanusi order whose miracles are widely known, a jurist of the Maliki school of jurisprudence, a prolific author, and a foremost warrior. From his ten books, ‘Anwar al-Qudsiyyah’ is among the most famous. (Al-Daleel-ul-Musheer, pp. 55-58; Tazkirah Sanusi Mashaaikh, p. 98)
7. Khwajah Muhammad Farooq Rahmani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1319 AH in Delhi, India and passed away on 1 Dhul Qa’dah 1403 AH in Karachi. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a spiritual master of the Chishti Sabri Rahmani order. His mausoleum is located at the Rahmaniyyah Khanqah, near Kanz-ul-Iman Masjid in Babri Chowk, Guru Mandir, Karachi. (Malfuzaat Khwajah Mahmood Rahmani, p. 32; Allah Walay, Kulliyat Manaqib, p. 451)
8. Peer Shah Muhammad Sultan Miyan Shayr-e-Subhani Qadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه travelled from Rampur Uttar Pradesh, India, to Karachi, Pakistan, and passed away there on 9 Dhul Qa’idah 1409 AH. His Mausoleum is located in Darbar Sultani (Federal B Area), Karachi. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a Shaykh of the Qadiri Chishti order, a poet, and the founder of Jami Masjid Sultan-ul-Masajid and Khanqah Sultani. Countless people took blessings from him. (Allah Walay, Kulliyat Manaqib, p. 402)
9. Peer Sayyid Mujtaba Ashraf Ashrafi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1346 AH in Kichochah Sharif, India, and he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 21 Dhul Qa’idah 1418 AH. His mausoleum is located in Dargah Rasoolpur Kichochah on the outskirts of Neyr Sharif. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was the grandson and spiritual heir of Sayyid Ali Husayn Ashrafi Jilani Kichochwi, a graduate of Jami’at-ul-Ashrafiyyah Mubarakpur, a spiritual guide to many, the deputy head of Jama’at Raza-e-Mustafa, and the patron of more than 21 organisations. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه disseminated the teachings of Islam throughout Bengal and Bihar, (Mahnamah Ghaus-ul-‘Aalam, August 2007, pp. 82-90).
The Scholars of Islam رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه
10. Teacher of Peer Mehr Ali Shah, Qadi Muhammad Shafi’ Haashimi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born around the turn of the 13th Century to a scholarly family. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 24 Dhul Qa’idah 1291 AH. His mausoleum is located in the cemetery of Bhoi Garh in Hassan Abdaal, Attock, Pakistan. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an authority in the rational and transmitted sciences, a learned jurisconsult of Islam, and the teachers of many scholars. (Tareekh Ulama-e-Bhoi Garh, p. 102-103)
11. Abul Mawahib Muhammad b. Abdus Salam Saih Andalus Ribati رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1308 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an expert of the traditional and contemporary sciences, the most senior judge of his era, and a prolific author. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 16 Zul-Dhul Qa’idah 1367 AH and was laid to rest in Zawiya Ahmad b. Ali Wazini. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه wrote a book about the Prophet’s knowledge of the unseen entitled ‘Al-Mafhum wa al-Mantuq,’ (A’lam-lil-Zirikli, vol. 6, p. 207; Nasr Al-Jawahir wal Durar, vol. 2, p. 1306).
12. Imam of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence in his era, Muhammad Zahid Al-Kawthari رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1296 AH in Mawdi Al-Haj Hassan Effendi (Modern day Duzce, near Istanbul), Turkey, and passed away in Egypt on 19 Dhul Qa’idah 1371 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه is buried in the well-known cemetery of Cairo, Qarafa Imam Shafi. As a voracious writer and seasoned Hanafi jurist, he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه emerged as one of the most influential representatives of the Hanafi school. His knowledge of the outer sciences was complemented with a deep understanding of the spiritual path. His work, known as ‘Maqalat al-Kawthari,’ is concise yet reflective of his mastery in the Islamic sciences, (Al-Buhoos-us-Saniya, p. 11; A’laam-lil-Zirikli, vol. 6, p. 129).
13. The acclaimed advocate of the Sunni creed, Muhammad Umar Ichrawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1319 AH in Kahna Nau, Lahore, Pakistan. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 9 Dhul Qa’idah 1391 AH and was laid to rest in Ichhra, Lahore. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an exceptional scholar, debater, public speaker, and author. For 16 years, he served as the head preacher of Jam’i Masjid Data Ganj Bakhsh. Especially renowned for his articulate and thought-provoking sermons, he was able to effectively teach complex matters to the public, (Tazkirah-e-Ulama Ahl-e-Sunnat wa Jama’at Lahore, p. 386).