Those Islamic personalities whose day of demise or ‘Urs is marked in Rabi’-ul-Aakhir

Rabi’-ul-Aakhir is the fourth month of the Islamic calendar. Those pious saints and scholars of Islam رَحِمَهُمُ اللہُ تَعَالٰی passed away in this month, 16 out of them have been briefly mentioned in the Faizan-e-Madinah monthly magazine for Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 1439 AH. Please read further pious saints’ introduction:

Pious saints رَحِمَهُمُ اللہُ تَعَالٰی

1.         The Qutb of his time, Sayyiduna Habib ‘Ajami Farsi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Basra (Iraq) and passed away on the 3rd Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 156 AH. His blessed Mazaar is at Mahallah Bishaar [بشار] Baghdad. He is the student and Khalifah of the famous Taabi’i predecessor, Sayyiduna Khuwajah Hasan Basri رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, a famous and perfect Waliyyullah, the one whose supplications were accepted, a person possessing saintly miracles, an ardent worshipper and a pious person. (Shan-e-Awliya, pp. 63)

2.         Sayyiduna Imam Abu ‘Usman Sa’eed Heeri Neeshapuri رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 203 AH in ‘Ray’ (currently Tehran), Iran. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on the 22nd Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 298 AH in Nishapur (Khorasan Razavi province, Iran). He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the Imam of his era, the Muhaddis of his time, a pure Sufi saint, amongst the senior Awliya’. (Tareekh-ul-Islam liz-Zahabi, vol. 22, pp. 149, 152; Tabqat Imam Sha’rani, Juz: 1, pp. 123)

3.         Khuwajah-e-Chisht Sayyiduna Khuwajah Abu Ishaaq Sharafuddin Shaami ‘Alawi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in ‘Akkah [عَکَّہ] (this is now a city in Palestine), Syria. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away here on 14th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 343 AH. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is a collation of inner (spiritual) and outer (apparent) sciences, famous in piety and abstaining, a person of saintly miracles and an absolute pinnacle Shaykh in the Chishti spiritual order. (‘Ibaad-ur-Rahman, vol. 1, pp. 90; Khazeena-tul-Asfiya, vol. 2, pp. 37, 38)

4.         The founder of the Qaadiri spiritual order, the leader of the Awliya’, the Great Ghaus, Sayyid Muhyiddeen Abu Muhammad ‘Abdul Qaadir Jeelani Hasani Husayni Hanbali رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 470 AH in Jeelan (Iran) and he passed away on the 11th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 561 AH in Baghdad Shareef (Iraq). He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was an outstanding scholar, a great teacher, an effective speaker, an author of books, the teacher of the Fuqaha and Muhaddiseen [Fiqh and Hadees scholars], the Shaykh of all Shaykhs and an influential personality. His blessed tomb is a source of Anwaar and Tajalliyat for Muslims around the world. (Bahjat-ul-Asraar, pp. 171; Tabqat Imam Sha’rani, Juz: 1, pp. 178; Mirat-ul-Asraar, pp. 563, 571)

5.         Sultan-ut-Taarikeen, Sayyiduna Sufi Hameeduddin Suwali Nagori رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Suwal (suburb of Ajmer, Rajasthan province), India. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on the 29th of Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 673 AH, his blessed Mazaar is in Nagore Shareef (Rajasthan province), India. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a student and Khalifah of Khuwajah Ghareeb Nawaz رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, a complete Sufi, an author of books and amongst the senior Awliya. (Tohfa-tul-Abrar, pp. 89-90; Mirat-ul-Asraar, pp. 677, 682; Tazkirah ‘Ulama-e-Hind, pp. 170)

6.         Ustaz Sahib-e-Kanz-ul-‘Ummal, Sayyiduna Abul Ma’arif, Qutbuddeen, Mustafa Bin Kamaluddin Bakri Dimashqi Khalwati Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1099 AH in Damascus and passed away on 18th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 1162 AH. His blessed shrine is situated in the Mujawireen graveyard Qurafa-tul-Kubra, Cairo, Egypt. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the teacher of great scholars, wrote over two hundred books, a great Murshid of the Khalwati spiritual order, the Shaykh of the Sufis, a person of spiritual insight and saintly miracles and was amongst the Hanafi Jurists. ‘اَلْوَرْدُ الْمَنْهُوْلُ الْاَصْفٰى فِى مَوْلِدِ الرَّسُوْل’ is his book. (Jaami’ Karamaat-e-Awliya, vol. 3, pp. 624, 644; Jahan Imam Rabbani, vol. 6, pp. 50)

7.         The founder of the Naqshbandiyyah Mujaddidiyyah, Muradiyyah spiritual order, Shaykh-ul-Islam Sayyid Muhammad Murad Bin ‘Ali Bukhari Uzbuki Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, in 1050 AH and passed away on 12th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 1132 AH. His blessed grave is situated at Madrasah Dars-Khanah, place of Neesha-Najee Pasha [نیشانجی پاشا] (Istanbul), Turkey. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a Hanafi Jurist, the Muhaddis of his time, a possessor of both rational and traditional sciences, an author of books, the founder of Madrasah Naqshbandiyyah Barraniyah-o-Muradiyyah, Damascus and amongst the Awliya who possessed saintly miracles. (Mu’jam-ul-Mu`allifeen, vol. 3, pp. 839. 840, Al-A’laam liz-Zarkali, vol. 7, pp. 199)

8.         The founder of the Mu’ammarah [معمرہ] Munawwariyah spiritual order, Sayyiduna Shah Munawwar ‘Ali Umar Daraaz Qaadiri Baghdadi Ilahabadi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 491 AH in Baghdad (Iraq) and, having lived a long life, he رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on 15th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 1199 AH in Ilahabad (U.P.), India. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the nephew of Shaykh Ziyauddin Abu Najeeb ‘Abdul Qaahir Suharwerdi, spent a great amount of time in service to Huzoor Ghaus-e-A’zam. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the Khalifah of Sayyid Kabeeruddin Dawlah رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه and amongst the senior Awliya’ of India. (Tareekh Mashaaikh-e-Qadiriyyah, vol. 2, pp. 192-197; Haqeeqat Gulzar Sabiri, pp. 150)

Scholars of Islam

9.         The historian of Islam, Sayyiduna ‘Abdul Maalik Bin Hishaam Himyari Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Basra and passed away in Cairo, Egypt on 13th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 218 AH. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the Imam of the science of Nasb [نسب] & Nahw [نحو], a historian and a Muhaddis. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه became well known because of his book ‘اَلسِّیْرَۃُ النَّبَوِیَّة لِاِبْنِ ھِشَام’. (Wafyaat-ul-A’yaan, vol. 3, pp.  150)

10.      Haafiz of Hadees, Ibn ‘Abdul Barr Abu ‘Umar Yusuf Bin ‘Abdullah Qurtubi Maliki رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 368 AH in Córdoba, Andalusia (currently Spain). He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on 29th or 30th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 463 AH and was laid to rest in Xativa, Valencia, Andalusia. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a Mujtahid of Islam, the Muhaddis of his era, the Imam of his time, the Shaykh of the scholars of Andalusia, the Qadi [Muslim judge] of Ushboonah and Shantareen, a historian of Islam and the author of more than 27 books. His most well-known book is ‘اَلْاِسْتِيْعَاب فِیْ مَعْرِفَةِ الْاَصْحَاب’. (Wafyaat-ul-A’yaan, vol. 5, pp.  428-432)

11.      Qaari-ul-Hudayah, Imam Sirajuddeen ‘Umar Khayyaat Hanafi Misri رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in Husayni, Cairo, Egypt and passed away in Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 829 AH. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was laid to rest in Hawsh-ul-Ashraf Birasba`ee near Jami’ah Barqooqiyah, Cairo, Egypt. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a Haafiz of the Quran, a Jaami’ of traditional and rational sciences, the teacher of scholars, Hanafi jurist and a Shaykh of a spiritual order. Fatawa Qaari-ul-Hudayah is his collection of Fatawa [legal verdicts]. (Hadaiq-ul-Hanafiyyah, pp. 341; Fatawa Qaari-ul-Hudayah, vol. 6 pp. 11)

12.      Shaykh-ul-Islam, Imam Zaynuddin Qaasim Bin Qutlubugha [قُطْلُوبُغَا] Misri Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 802 AH in Cairo, Egypt, and passed away here on 4th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 879 AH, he رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was laid to rest in Bab-e-Mashhad, Cairo. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a Haafiz of the Quran, a master in the rational and traditional sciences, a historian, Sahib-e-Lisan, the author of 116 books and booklets, an excellent debater, (حسناتِ دہر) possessor of good qualities, amongst the senior Hanafi jurists. His most important books are Taj-ut-Tarajim and Majmu’ah Rasaail. (Hadaiq-ul-Hanafiyyah, pp. 360; Shazaraat-uz-Zuhb, vol. 7, pp. 470)

13.      The great Hanafi jurist, Shaykh Ibraheem Bin Muhammad Halabi Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 866 AH in Halb, the west of Syria and passed away on 10th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 956 AH, and was laid to rest in Constantinople. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the Imam and speaker of Jaami’ Masjid Sultan Muhammad Faateh (Istanbul, Turkey), the jurist of his era, the Muhaddis of his time, the author of many books and amongst the well-known Hanafi jurists. ‘Ghunya-tul-Mutamalli’ [غُنْیَةُ الْمُتَمَلِّی] and ‘Multaqal Abhar’ [مُلْتَقَی الْاَبْحَر] are his authored books. (Hadaiq-ul-Hanafiyyah, pp. 400; Wafyaat-ul-Akhyar, pp. 13)

14.      Imam Qutbuddeen Muhammad Bin Ahmad Nahrwaani Hindi Makki Qaadiri Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 907 AH in the Markaz-ul-Awliya, Lahore. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on 26th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 990 AH in Makkah Mukarramah. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the Imam of his time, the Hanafi Mufti of Makkah Mukarramah, a teacher and the speaker of Al-Haram, an Islamic historian, a lover of poetry and an author of over 13 books. (Hadaiq-ul-Hanafiyyah, pp. 522; Deewan-ul-Islam, vol. 4, pp. 15; Shazaraat-uz-Zuhb, vol. 8, pp. 420)

15.      The Khalifah of A’la Hadrat, ‘Allamah Shaykh Jamaal Bin Ameer Bin Husayn Maliki Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1285 AH in the blessed city of Makkah. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه passed away on 19th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 1349 AH and was laid to rest in Makkah Shareef. He رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was the Maliki Imam, a teacher of Al-Haram, an author of books, Justice Shar’i Court, Member of the Executive Majlis of the Education Department, an endorser of Ad-Dawlat-ul-Makkiyyah and Husaam-ul-Haramayn. His famous book is ‘اَلثَّمَرَاتُ الْجَنِیَة فِی الْاَسْئِلَةِ النَّحْوِیة’. (Mukhtasar Nashr-un-Noor waz-Zuhur, pp. 163; Imam Ahmad Raza Muhaddis Baraylvi aur ‘Ulama Makkah Mukarramah, pp. 149-151)

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