Accountability

Belief

Accountability is Haq, i.e. it is proven from the Holy Quran, blessed Sunnah and consensus. Muslims, disbelievers, humans and jinns will all be held accountable for, except those who have been exempted from it. (Tohfa-tul-Mureed ‘ala Jawhira-tut-Tawheed, pp. 413) The one who denies accountability is a disbeliever. (Sharh-us-Saawi ‘ala Jawhira-tut-Tawheed, pp. 378)

What is accountability?

Literal meaning of accountability is “to count”, and in Shar’i terminology, it means ‘Allah Almighty making people aware of their actions before returning them from Mahshar’. (Sharh-us-Saawi ‘ala Jawhira-tut-Tawheed, pp. 376)

State of accountability

State of the accountability of everyone will be different. Someone’s accountability will be taken leniently, someone’s will be taken strictly, someone’s will be taken hiddenly, someone’s will be taken openly, someone’s accountability will be taken while reprehending him, someone’s will be with mercy, and someone’s accountability will be taken with justice. (Tohfa-tul-Mureed ‘ala Jawhira-tut-Tawheed, pp. 414)

Strictness of accountability

The Holy Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ stated: One person will be made to stand up for accountability. He will sweat so much that if 1,000 camels were to drink it, they would quench their thirst. (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 1, pp. 652, Hadees 2771)

First action to be accounted for in accountability

The Rasool of Rahmah صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ has said: On the Day of Judgement, the first account to be settled among people will be of murder. (Sahih Muslim, pp. 711, Hadees 4381) Whereas, it is stated in another blessed Hadees: ‘The first thing a person will be held accountable for, will be Salah.’ (Sunan Nasa`ee, pp. 652, Hadees 3997)

Hakeem-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ said: Keep it in mind that in worships, first accountability will be held regarding Salah; and among the rights of people, it will be of a murder; or among virtues Salah is first, and murder is first to be held accounted for among sins. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 2, pp. 306)

First blessing to be accounted for

The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  said: On the Day of Judgement, first question to be asked to a person in relation to the blessings will be that he will be told: Did We not bless your body with health and did We not quench your thirst with cold water? (Sunan-ut-Tirmizi, vol. 5, pp. 236, Hadees 3369)

Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ states: i.e. these blessings will be accounted for first in comparison to other blessings. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 7, pp. 31)

One to be relieved soon from accountability

The Holy Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ said: O people! Undoubtedly, one to receive quick salvation from the horrors [i.e. grieves] and accountability of the Judgement Day will be he who would have recited Salat abundantly upon me in this world. (Firdaus-ul-Akhbar, vol. 5, pp. 277, Hadees 8175)

Entering Paradise without accountability

The Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  stated: 70,000 [people] from my Ummah will enter Paradise without accountability. Moreover, for their sake, further 70,000 will be forgiven with every single one of them and Allah Almighty will allow further three groups with them. I don’t know how many people will be in each group. Only He عَزَّوَجَلَّ knows its count. (Bahar-e-Shari’at with reference to Musnad Ahmad, vol. 1, pp. 419, Hadees 1706)

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