When Sayyiduna Musa عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام came to Egypt with Bani Israel after Pharaoh drowned in the “river Nile”, then Allah Almighty promised to bless him with the “blessed Torah”. Moreover, for this purpose, Allah Almighty ordered him to stay at “Koh-e-Toor” [Mount Sinai] for 40 days. Therefore, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام went to Koh-e-Toor. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 1, pp. 124-125; summarized)
Who was Saamri?
There was a person called “Saamri” in Bani Israel. As soon as he was born, his mother left him in a cave. In his childhood, Sayyiduna Jibra`eel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام used to feed him milk with his finger; because of this reason, Saamri used to recognize him. He was an extremely misguided person and the one who would misguide others. (‘Ajaaib-ul-Quran ma’ Gharaib-ul-Quran, pp. 114; summarized) He had the skill of crafting things by melting gold and silver. People would give importance to what he said and act upon it.
Calf of gold and silver
Thirty days after the departure of Sayyiduna Musa عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام, Saamri gathered jewellery from Bani Israel and melted it to mould into a calf. He had the soil of the place where the horse of Sayyiduna Jibra`eel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام set foot. As soon as he put that soil in the inanimate calf, it started making noise like a cow. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 3, pp. 434-435; summarized)
Worship of the calf
After this, Saamri started misguiding people saying that this calf is your and Musa’s god. (Ibid, vol. 6, pp. 230; summarized) Therefore, falling prey to his misguidance, everyone except twelve thousand people in Bani Israel started worshipping the calf.
End of the calf
When Sayyiduna Musa عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام came back (from Koh-e-Toor – Mount Sinai), he was extremely furious because he had come to know about what Saamri had done. Therefore, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام reprimanded his people and asked Saamri for the reason of misguiding people. He said: ‘I did so because I felt like it.’ Upon hearing this, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام said: Go away! Your punishment is that whoever would want to meet you, you will say, ‘Nobody should touch me’. He عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام also gave him the further news of the torment of the Hereafter. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 6, pp. 236; summarized)
Moreover, He عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام broke the calf into pieces, burnt it and threw its ashes into the river. (‘Ajaaib-ul-Quran ma’ Gharaib-ul-Quran, pp. 115-116; summarized)
Punishment of Saamri
People were forbidden from meeting and talking to Saamri. If anyone’s body would coincidently come into contact with his body, then both of them would be inflicted with a severe fever. He kept wandering in jungle saying ‘nobody should touch me’. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 6, pp. 236; summarized)
Punishment of the nation
Those who worshipped the calf were sentenced to be killed by the rest of the people of the nation. Seeing this, he عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام beseeched earnestly in the Merciful court of Allah Almighty for the forgiveness of the rest of the people. This request was accepted. Therefore, rest of the people were forgiven. (Ibid, vol. 1, pp. 126; summarized)
Madani pearls derived from the parable
Dear Madani children!
٭ Ambiya of Allah Almighty are kind and affectionate.
٭ Sins of the Ummah are forgiven with their (Ambiya’s) intercession.
٭ Disobeying Nabi is a sin and it brings about torment.
٭ We should try to become obedient slaves and true devotees of the Beloved Rasool so that we are blessed with a “bright future” in this world and the Hereafter.
 Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 3, pp. 435; summarized