Gateway to Hadith
Ask for well-being
Maulana Nasir Jamal Attari Madani
The Messenger of Allah صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم would make this Du’a: ‘اَللّٰهُمَّ اَحْسِنْ عَاقِبَتَنَا فِی الْاُمُورِ كُلِّهَا وَاَجِرْنَا مِنْ خِزْیِ الدُّنْيَا وَعَذَابِ الْآخِرَة’ Meaning, O Allah! Make our end good in all our affairs and protect us from the disgrace of this world and the torment of the Hereafter.
“Du’a” is beseeching Allah Almighty for goodness. Allah Almighty has commanded us in the Holy Quran to supplicate, and has given the glad-tidings that Du’as are accepted. Also, this is a statement of Allah Almighty:
‘O Son of Adam! If you ask from me, I will give you and if you do not ask from Me, then I will express My wrath upon you.’
The Messenger of Allah صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has mentioned the importance of Du’a in the following manner: ‘اَلدُّعَاءُمُخُّ الْعِبَادَةِ’ meaning, ‘Du’a is the brain (essence) of worship.’
At one place, he صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated: ‘اَلدُّعَاءُ سِلَاحُ الْمُؤمِنِ وَعِمَادُ الدِّیْنِ وَ نُوْرُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ’ meaning, ‘Du’a is the weapon of a believer, the pillar of the religion and the light of the heavens and the earth.’
What should be supplicated for?
In this regard, the Final Prophet of Allah صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated:
‘Ask for Allah’s grace, for Allah likes (the) asking (of His Bondsman).’
The Mercy unto the universe صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has taught us comprehensive supplications about the ‘grace of Allah Almighty’, among them is an encouragement to supplicate for well-being, which has been mentioned in the previous hadith.
In this blessed hadith, a Du’a has been made for a good end in all affairs, as well as protection from disgrace in the world and punishment of the Hereafter. A good ending in all affairs is (a plea) for the outcome of our every action to be good, and what is meant by (protection from) disgrace in the world is protection from calamites, arrogance, deception and from being overpowered by enemies. 
The detail to these three supplications:
1. A good ending to all permissible works
Keep this in mind that the result of a good deed is beautiful, whereas the outcome of bad deed is dreadful. Therefore, it is not wise to hope for good after committing evil. Sometimes, it is the case that one begins the work well but the outcome is bad, and when he begins to find the apparent causes of the bad outcome, he realizes that it is due to an evil intention, lack of consistency, carelessness and laziness in work. However, when a bondsman beseeches his Lord regarding his good actions, the mercy of Allah grants hope. Allah Almighty also bestows His Divine Grace upon His bondsman and grants him a good result for his efforts. If he does apparently fail, then the mercy of Allah will support him, it will mend his broken heart, and with a new determination, it will encourage him to once again strive to acquire his purpose. However, it is necessary that during this entire stage, one remains attached to Allah Almighty, does not utter words of ungratefulness and continues supplicating.
Allah gives hope to those who supplicate to Him in a Hadith al-Qudsi, where He states: ‘اَنَا مَعَه، اِذَا دَعَانِیْ’ Meaning, ‘I am with him when he supplicates to Me.’
2. Refuge from disgrace in the world
Everyone wishes to live a respectful life, and he tries to save himself from a life of humiliation and disgrace. He takes precautions, however, these are all human measures; for a better outcome, one must have the mercy of Allah Almighty with him, and one way of drawing the focus of Allah’s mercy towards himself is Du’a. Therefore, our Beloved Master صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is teaching us to supplicate in order to be safe from humiliation and disgrace.
3. Refuge from the punishment of the Hereafter
How important is it to seek refuge from the punishment of the Hereafter? In order to understand this, take a look at the punishments mentioned in the Blessed Hadith:
* The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated: ‘Fire lit by humans is one part of the 70 parts of the fire of hell.’ The companions رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُم humbly said, ‘O Messenger of Allah صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم! (For punishment) the worldly fire is enough.’ The Noble Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم stated: ‘The fire of hell has been increased 69-fold to the fire of the world and each level of its heat is equal to it.’
* Boiling water will be poured over the heads of the inmates of Hell. It will tear their skulls and would reach their stomachs. It will then sever everything within the stomachs which will exit from the feet. This is ‘صَھْر’ (melting). This will be done repeatedly.
* If a huge boulder is thrown from the edge of Hell, it will continue to fall for 70 years and still not reach its depth. Sayyiduna Umar رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ used to say, ‘Make mention of Hell in abundance, because its heat is severe, its depth is very deep, and its hammers are of iron.’
* In Hell, there are snakes to the size of the necks of camels. When any one of them bites an inmate of Hell, the heat of its poison will be felt for 40 years. Similarly in Hell, there are scorpions to the size of the necks of mules, and when any of them sting an inmate of Hell, he will feel the heat of its sting for 40 years.
* Inmates of Hell will be overcome by tears, they will cry profusely, to such an extent that their tears will come to an end and they will begin to cry tears of blood; it will reach such an extent that if ships were left in them, they would begin to flow therein.
* The inmate of hell who will receive the lightest form of punishment will be made to wear shoes and laces of fire. It will cause his brain to boil the way pots boil. He will think he is receiving the most severe punishment, whereas, he will be receiving the lightest punishment.
Therefore, abstain from all those actions which will be a cause of punishment in the Hereafter, and make a habit of making Du’a as well.
 (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 6, p. 196, Hadith 17645)
 (Part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 186; Part 24, Surah Al-Mumin, verse 60)
 (Al-Du’a Lil Tabarani, p. 29, Hadith 24)
 (Tirmizi, vol. 5, p. 243, Hadith 3382)
 (Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 2, p. 162, Hadith 1855)
 (Tirmizi, vol. 5, p. 333, Hadith 3582)
 (Al-Tayseer Sharh Jami’ Al-Sagheer, vol. 1, p. 207)
 (Muslim, p. 1442, Hadith 2675)
 (Bukhari, vol. 2, p. 396, Hadith 3265)
 (Tirmizi, vol. 4, p. 262, Hadith 2591)
 (Tirmizi, vol. 4, p. 260, Hadith 2584)
 (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 6, p. 216, Hadith 17729)
 (Ibn Majah, vol. 4, p. 531, Hadith 4324)
 (Muslim, p. 111, Hadith 517)