Those Islamic personalities whose day of demise or Urs is marked in Rabi’-ul-Aakhir

Rabi’-ul-Aakhir is the fourth month of the Islamic calendar. Those pious predecessors and scholars of Islam who passed away in this month, 31 out of them have been briefly mentioned in the ‘Faizan-e-Madinah’ monthly magazine editions published in Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 1439 and 1440 AH. Read the introduction of more pious predecessors.

Blessed companions of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم

1 Sayyiduna Umair Bin Riaab Qurashi Sahmi رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ was amongst the early Muslims. He also had the honour of migrating to Habshah, Abyssinia (present-day Ethiopia) and later onto, Madinah. He had no children. He was martyred in the battle of ‘Ain-ut-Tamr [عَیْنُ التَّمْر] (Karbala province, Iraq) and was laid to rest at the same place. The battle was fought in Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 12 AH. (Usud-ul-Ghabah, vol. 4, pp. 310, Islami Encyclopaedia, vol. 1, pp. 10)

2 Sayyiduna Abu Noman Basheer Bin Sa’d Khazraji Ansari رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ embraced Islam in Bay’at-e-‘Uqbah; so, he is known amongst ‘As-Sabiqon-al-Awwalon’ [اَلسَّابِقُونَ الاَوَّلُونَ]. He took part in all the Ghazwaat (Islamic battles) including the battle of Badr. Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم sent him for the battle of Fadak in the month of Sha’ban and the valley of Quraa in the month of Shawwal. He was the first person among all Ansaars to take oath at the hand of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ on the day of Saqifah. He was martyred in the battle of ‘Ain-ut-Tamr [عَیْنُ التَّمْر] in 12 AH and was laid to rest at the same place. (Al-Isabah, vol. 1, pp. 442; Al-Isti’aab, vol. 1, pp. 252)

Pious predecessors رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه

1 The famous mystic predecessor ‘Sayyiduna Shaykh Fareeduddin Muhammad Attar Nishapuri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was born in 513 AH in Girgain village of Nishapur (Khurasan), Iran. He was martyred on 29 Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 627 AH. The blessed shrine of ‘Sayyiduna Shaykh Fareeduddin Muhammad Attar رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه is located in Muhallah Shaad Bagh Neshapur (Khurasan) Iran, frequented by everyone. He was a medicine expert, great literary author of Persian poetry, eminent writer and an ‘Aarif-e-Rabbani. Out of all his literary pieces of work, ‘Tazkira-tul-Awliya, Asraar Naamah’ and ’Mantiq-ut-Tayr’ are well-known books. (Mirat-ul-Asraar, pp. 669 to 672; Wafiyat-ul-Akhiyar, pp. 74)

2 Sayyiduna Peer Abdul Malik Amanullah Pani Patti Qadiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was born in the 9th century AH and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 12th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir 957 AH, in Panipat (Haryana, India). He was an ‘Islamic scholar and a perfect mystic’. He was well-versed in mystic books. The books authored by Sayyiduna Peer Abdul Malik رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه contain ‘Ashi’at-ul-Lawa`ih’ [اَشِعَّةُ اللَّوَائِح] the exegesis of the book ‘Lawa’ih’ written by ‘Allamah Jami ‘Ashi’at-ul-Lawa`ih. (Akhbar-ul-Akhiyar, Farsi, pp. 241 to 243)

3 Sayyiduna Qutbuddin Beenadil Qalandar Qadiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was a high-ranking person from the Ghausiyyah Razzaqiyyah family. He was a perfect saint, an Islamic personality with spiritual powers and authority, and an important mystical personality of the spiritual chain of Suharwardiyyah Qadiriyyah Qalandariyyah order. He passed away on 17th Rabi’-ul-Aakhir, 1057 AH. His blessed shrine is situated in Jaunpur (UP, India) at Kachri Road. (Tazkira-tul-Ansaab, pp. 124)

4 The founder of the Qadiriyyah Warisiyyah mystic order, ‘Sayyiduna Muhammad Waris Rasool Numa Qadiri’ was born in Banaras (UP, India), in 1087 AH in a learned family and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 10th Rabi-ul-Aakhir, 1166 AH in the same city. The blessed shrine of Sayyiduna Muhammad Waris Rasool Numa Qadiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه is situated in the locality of Koyla Mann (near Machandri) Banaras. He was expert in Islamic sciences and arts, a high-ranking teacher of Islamic scholars, great author and exegete of many books as well as he was a spiritual guide. Since he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه dreamt beholding the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم many times and helped others also behold in their dream, hence the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, he was renowned as ‘Rasool Numa’. (Tareekh-e-Masha’ikh Qadiriyyah, vol. 2, pp. 166 to 176)

5 Famous Wali, Qutb-e-‘Aalam, Sayyiduna ‘Aalam Shah Bukhari Suharwardi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was extremely generous person, Sahib-e-Karamat (one who has the power to show saintly miracles) and a perfect mystic personality. The blessed shrine of Sayyiduna ‘Aalam Shah Bukhari Suharwardi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه is situated at Jama Cloth Market Muhammad Ali Jinnah Road, frequented by everyone. He was born in Uch Shareef (near Ahmedpur east, district Bahawalpur Punjab) in 999AH and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 25th Rabi-ul-Aakhir, 1046 AH in Karachi. (Tazkira Awliya-e-Sindh, pp. 245, Nawa-e-Waqt, 5 January 2018)

6 Sayyiduna Khuwajah Hafiz Maqbool-ur-Rasool Lillahi Naqshbandi Qadiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was born in Aastana-e-‘Aaliyah Lillah Sharif (Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan, district Jhelum) in 1323 AH and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 14th Rabi-ul-Aakhir 1368 AH. The blessed shrine of Sayyiduna Khuwajah Hafiz رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه is situated in Lillah Sharif. He was well-versed in Urdu and Persian. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was filled with a dedicated passion for following Shari’ah and making other people follow the Shar’i rulings too. He had an awe-inspiring personality but naturally he was very sociable and sympathetic person. (Tareekh-e-Masha’ikh Naqshbandi, pp. 631 to 653)

7 Grandson of Ameer-e-Millat, ‘Sayyiduna Maulana Hafiz Peer Sayyid Haider Hussain Ali Jama’ati رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1336 AH and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 27 Rabi-ul-Aakhir 1407 AH.  The blessed shrine of Peer Sayyid Haider Husain Ali Jama’ati رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه is situated in the chamber adjoined to the shrine of Ameer-e-Millat (Alipur Sayyida Sharif Narowal Division, Punjab). He completed his studies from Dar-ul-Uloom Naqshbandiyyah Jamatiyyah Alipur Sharif. Peer Sayyid Haider Hussain Ali Jama’ati رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه strictly followed Shari’ah and was a man of generosity, founder of many Masajid and Madaris as well as he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was a successor of Ameer-e-Millat Sayyid Jama’at Ali Shah Muhaddis Alipuri. For propagation of Islam and his spiritual mystic order, he travelled to different cities. (Tazkira Khulafa-e-Ameer-e-Millat, pp. 409)

Scholars of Islam

1 Qadi-e-Makkah (Judge of Makkah), Imam Sulayman Bin Harb Azdi Basri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was born in Basra in 140 AH and he passed away in the same city in Rabi-ul-Aakhir in the year 224 AH. He was a great Muhaddis and an honourable teacher of the authentic Muhhadisin (eminent narrators of Ahadees) such as Imam Bukhari رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه, Imam Abu Dawood رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه and Imam Darimi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه. He also served as an honourable Judge of Makkah for 5 years. (Tareekh-e-Baghdad, vol. 9, pp. 34 to 38)

2 Qadi-ul-Quda, Sa’duddin Sa’d Bin Muhammad Dayri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was born in 768 AH in a learned family and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away in Egypt on 9th Rabi-ul-Aakhir 867 AH. He learned Islamic sciences from his father Shaykh-ul-Islam, Shamsuddin Muhammad Dayri. He was a great Hanafi Islamic scholar, honourable Judge, unique scholar of Dars-e-Tafseer, Mufti of Islam, author of few books as well as he served as Qadi-ul-Quda of Egypt for approximately 24 years.(Al-Fawa’id-ul-Bihiyah, pp. 102 to 104)

3 The honourable teacher of the Islamic scholars, ‘Maulana Qazi Muhammad Gauhar Ali Sufi Alawi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه ‘was born in Mauda’ Loday (Gujar Khan Tehsil, Rawalpindi Division) in a learned family and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 5th Rabi-ul-Aakhir 1370 AH. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه was laid to rest in Mauda’ Loday. He was an authentic Islamic scholar, honourable Dars-e-Nizami [‘Aalim course] teacher, great disciple and successor of Aastana-e-‘Aaliyah Churah Shareef, an Islamic poet and author of many books. ‘Jawahir-e-‘Alwiyyah Bi-‘Asha’ar-is-Sarfiyyah-wan-Nahwiyyah’ (جَواہِرِ عَلْوِیَه بِاَشْعَارِ الصَّرْفِیَۃ وَالنّحْوِیَۃ) is one of the 28 books he authored. (Mu’arif-e-Raza Salnamah, 2007, pp. 221; Mahnamah Al-Haqeeqah, Tahaffuz Khatm-e-Nubuwwat, vol. 2, pp. 851)

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