Sayyidatuna Fatimah Bint-e-Asad

Her name is Fatimah رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا. Her father’s name is Asad Bin Hashim Bin Abd Manaaf, and her mother’s name is Fatimah Bint Harim Bin Rawahah. She is the wife of the Holy Prophet’s paternal uncle, Abu Talib, and the mother of the fourth Khalifah, Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyiduna Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ وَجْـھَـهُ الْـکَـرِیْم. She belongs to the Banu Hashim tribe.

Migration and Islam

She is also one of those fortunate personages who were blessed with Iman and migrated to Madinah.

Nikah and children

Her Nikah was performed with Abu Talib. She is the mother of Sayyiduna Ali, Sayyiduna Ja’far, Sayyiduna ‘Aqeel, Talib, Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Hani, Sayyidatuna Jumanah and Ritah.

Tajheez-o-Takfeen and the Noble Prophet's favours

When she passed away in Madinah, the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم came and sat at her head side; he صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم then said: May Allah have mercy on you. After my honourable mother, you were [like] my mother; you would remain hungry yourself but feed me; you would wear old clothes yourself but dress me in new ones; you would not eat good food yourself but feed me [with it]; having the sole intention of pleasing Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and attaining success in the Hereafter.

After the Ghusl of the deceased had been carried out, the Noble Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم gave his blessed kameez to clothe her before she was shrouded. When the time to make the Lahd [grave] came, the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم himself made it. He lay down in it and made Du’a like this: ‘All praise is due to Allah Who gives life and death. He Himself is the Ever-Living Who will never die. (O Allah!) Forgive my mother, Fatima Bint Asad. Teach her, her Hujjat[1]. Through the Wasilah of Your Prophet and the prophets before me, expand her grave. You are the Most Merciful of all the merciful.’ Then he led her Salat-ul-Janazah with four Takbeers and lowered her into the grave with his blessed hands. (Mu’jam-e-Kabeer, vol. 24, pp. 351, Hadees 871)

When the earth was levelled on the grave, someone humbly said: ‘Ya Rasoolallah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم! Today, we have seen you doing such deed which you have not done with anyone before.’ The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said: I clothed her in my kurta so that she wears heavenly attire; and I lay down in her grave so that the grave presses her gently. After Abu Taalib, she was the kindest to me in Allah’s [entire] creation. (Mu’jam Awsat, vol. 5, pp. 165, Hadees 6935)

Blessed shrine

Her blessed shrine is located in Jannat-ul-Baqi’ near the blessed shrine of Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen, Sayyiduna Usman Bin Affaan رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ. (Al-A’laam Li-Zarkali, vol. 5, pp. 130) May Allah have mercy on her and forgive us without accountability for her sake.

 صَلَّى  اللّٰهُ  عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّماٰمِيۡن   بِجَاهِ   النَّبِيِّ  الۡاَمِيۡن  

[1] Answers to the questions asked by the angels in grave.




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