Matchless Messenger

Three special virtues of the Beloved Prophet of Allah

1. Bestowment of miracles and marvels

Those virtues and miracles bestowed separately upon other blessed Prophets عَـلَيْـهِمُ الـصَّلٰوة ُ وَالـسَّلَام were all bestowed upon the Beloved Prophet of the Almighty. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 54)

Bestowment of all good attributes

Almighty Allah has said:

اُولٰٓىٕكَ الَّذِیْنَ هَدَى اللّٰهُ فَبِهُدٰىهُمُ اقْتَدِهْؕ-

These (aforementioned Prophets) are the ones whom Allah guided; so follow their path.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 7, Surah Al-An’aam, Ayah 90)

Commenting on the above verse, Imam Fakhruddin Razi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه stated: On the basis of this blessed verse, respected Islamic scholars have proved the ruling that Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is greater than all other respected Prophets عَـلَـيْـهِمُ الـصَّلٰوةُ وَالـسَّـلَام. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has bestowed marvellous traits and superior attributes to different blessed Prophets عَـلَـيْـهِمُ الـصَّلٰوةُ وَالـسَّـلَام. Having mentioned those traits and attributes, Almighty Allah ordered His Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم to gather [i.e. adopt] all of those attributes and marvels. Non-fulfillment of the Divine commandment by the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم is not possible at all. Therefore, it has been proved that the Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has gathered [i.e. adopted] all good attributes which have been separately bestowed upon other blessed Prophets عَـلَـيْـهِمُ الـصَّلٰوةُ وَالـسَّـلَام. Therefore, he is the greatest of all Prophets. (Tafseer-e-Kabeer, vol. 5, pp. 57)

Imam-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه stated: Our Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has been blessed with every such sign and miracle that is similar to or better than the ones bestowed upon any other Prophet. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 24, pp. 595)

A leading scholar of Shari’ah Mufti Amjad Ali A’zami رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه stated: All those marvels that have been separately bestowed upon others have been gathered [bestowed] upon the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. In addition, he has also been blessed with such marvels in which no one else has any share. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 63)

Madani suggestion: In order to get more details about it, read from page 312 to 321 of the book ‘Suroor-ul-Quloob Fi-Zikr-il-Mahboob’ written by Raees-ul-Mutakallimeen Maulana Naqi Ali Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

Khalq say Awliya Awliya say Rusul

Aur Rusoolon say A’la hamara Nabi

Mulk-e-Konain mayn Ambiya Tajdar

Tajdaron ka Aaqa hamara Nabi

Prohibition of calling the Holy Prophet by name

A leading scholar of Shari’ah Mufti Amjad Ali A’zami رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه stated: When a person calls upon the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, he should not mention the blessed name because it’s not permissible. Instead, he should call upon him mentioning these words: یَا نَبِیَّ الـلّٰـه! یَا رَسُوْلَ الـلّٰـه! یَا حَبِیبَ الـلّٰـه (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 78)

Previous Ummahs called upon their Prophets by mentioning names

O devotees of Rasool! The Ummahs of other blessed Prophets عَـلَـيْـهِمُ الـصَّلٰوةُ وَالـسَّـلَام would call upon their Prophets by mentioning their names. What they said was also quoted in the Holy Quran. Mentioned here are two examples:

The nation of Sayyiduna Musa عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام said:

قَالُوْا یٰمُوْسَى اجْعَلْ لَّنَاۤ اِلٰهًا كَمَا لَهُمْ اٰلِهَةٌؕ-

They (Children of Israel) said, ‘O Musa! Make a god for us, just like there are so many gods for them.’

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 9, Al-A’raaf, Ayah 138)

The nation of Sayyiduna Isa عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام said:

اِذْ قَالَ الْحَوَارِیُّوْنَ یٰعِیْسَى ابْنَ مَرْیَمَ

When the disciples said, ‘O ‘Isa, son of Maryam,

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 7, Al-Ma`idah, Ayah 112)

Commandment for Muslim Ummah

Almighty Allah has given the following commandment to the Ummah of His Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.

لَا تَجْعَلُوْا دُعَآءَ الرَّسُوْلِ بَیْنَكُمْ كَدُعَآءِ بَعْضِكُمْ بَعْضًاؕ-

(O people!) Do not make the calling of the Messenger amongst yourselves just like one calls the other amongst yourselves.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 18, An-Noor, Ayah 63)

Commenting on the above blessed verse, ‘Allamah Maulana Ahmad Bin Saawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه stated: When calling upon the Greatest Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, one should not mention the blessed name, i.e. یا محمد or the blessed Kuniyah, i.e.’’یَا اَبَا الْقَاسِم‘‘ Instead, one should call upon him with respect, reverence, honour and veneration by mentioning such words as یا رسولَ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِین، یا اِمَامَ الْمُرْسَلِین، یانَبِیَّ الـلّٰـه،  یا رسولَ الـلّٰـه and یاخَاتَمَ النَّبِیِّیْن”.

(Tafseer-e-Saawi, vol. 4, pp. 1421)

Important ruling

Imam-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه stated that Islamic scholars have made it clear that it is Haraam to call upon the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم by mentioning his name and this is really a fair ruling. When the Lord does not call him by mentioning his name, how can a slave dare to exceed the limit of manners? Islamic researchers like Imam Zainuddin Maraghi, etc. stated: Even if one finds the words یا محمد in any Du’a taught by the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم himself, one should still say یا رسولَ الـلّٰـه، یانَبِیَّ الـلّٰـه in its place. Admittedly, as long as possible, the wording of Du’a is not changed [but the above case is an exception]. This is an important ruling that most people of the world are unaware of. It is emphatically Wajib to keep it in mind. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 30, pp. 157)

Reciting the word یا محمد during Na’at

To call upon the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم by saying the words یا محمد is not allowed. Therefore, if these words are found in any Na’at etc., these should be changed. (Sirat-ul-Jinan, vol. 6, pp. 675)

O devotees of Rasool! There are certain narrations in which some person is reported to have called upon the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم by mentioning یا محمد. Islamic scholars have described two reasons for it.

1. These narrations were reported before the revelation of prohibition from Almighty Allah.

2.  The individuals who called upon him by mentioning his name were unaware of this commandment. (Zurqaani ‘Alal Mawahib, vol. 6, pp. 26 – Subul-ul-Huda war Rishad, vol. 10, pp. 454)

Recognition by means of fragrance

When the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم went along a path, anyone going along the same path later on would know by means of fragrance that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم had gone along that path. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 64)

Natural fragrance

O devotees of Rasool! ‘Allamah Maulana Ali Bin Sultan Muhammad Qari رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه narrated: This was not the fragrance which was applied to the body or clothes. Instead, it was the natural fragrance (of his blessed body). (Sharh-ush-Shifa, vol. 1, pp. 167)

Musk

Sayyiduna Anas رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ stated: When the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم went along any of the paths of Madinah, musk began to emanate from that path. People would say, ‘The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has gone along this path today.’ (Musnad-e-Abi Ya’la, vol. 3, pp. 135, Hadees 3113)

Jis gali say tu guzarta hay mayray jaan-e-janan

Zarrah zarrah tayri khushbu say basa hota hay

(Saman-e-Bakhshish, pp. 177)

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