Dar-ul-Ifta Ahl-e-Sunnat

Digging up old grave and burying deceased into it

Question 1: What have respected Islamic scholars ruled on the following issue? If a person digs up the grave of his father or grandfather and buries any other deceased person into it or says that his own body be buried into it after his demise; is this allowed or not? Please give its reply in the light of Shari’ah.

(Questioner: Muhammad Afzal Khan, Liaqat Abad, Karachi)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: To dig up the grave of a deceased Muslim unnecessarily or to bury any other deceased person in his place is impermissible, Haraam and sin. By Shari’ah, it is not allowed to dig up the grave of the father or grandfather or that of any other and to bury any other dead body into it in their place, no matter how old the grave has become. Sitting on the grave of a Muslim, walking on it, trampling on it and even leaning against it have all been severely forbidden in blessed Ahadees. As for levelling it and digging it up, these are even worse actions, desecration and disrespect for the grave of Muslims and a means of sin and punishment. Besides, it’s also the blasphemy of the secrets of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Mufti Fuzail Raza Attari

Price difference between cash sale and credit sale

Question 2: What have respected Islamic scholars ruled on the following issue? We are based in the wholesale grain market of Basirpur, Okara. We deal in fertilizers, seeds, sprays, etc. We sell some items in cash and some on credit and this is decided in advance. The price of the item sold on credit is higher than that of the one sold in cash. The payment period is also decided in the beginning and no fine is received for any delay in the payment. The question is, according to Shari’ah, is it allowed or not to set a higher price for credit sale? Some people are of the opinion that setting a higher price for credit sale is interest. Please guide us about it from Shar’i point of view.

(Questioner: Naveed Ahmad Qadiri, Wholesale grain market, district Okara, Punjab)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: While buying or selling anything in cash or on credit, some points must be kept in mind. First, whether it’s a cash deal or a credit one must be decided in the beginning. Second, in case of making the deal on credit, the payment time period must be decided and both sides must be aware of it. Third, there must not be any impermissible condition either. If made in conformity with these rules, sale and purchase will be permissible. Since the method in which you have made the deal is also in accordance with these rules, this is right. Those calling it an interest-based deal are mistaken; and repentance is compulsory for them for the reason that telling anyone a Shari ruling at a guess without verification is impermissible and a sin.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Mufti Fuzail Raza Attari

Serving food and soft drink to examiners

Question 3: What have respected Islamic scholars and Muftis ruled on the following issue? Some people serve foods and drinks to external examiners and give gifts to them so that the examiners will let their students cheat in exams. How is it to do that?

(Questioner: Bint-e-Nawaz, Khushab)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: To give something to someone for gaining any personal benefit by an unfair means or for violating the right of others is a bribe. This ruling is based on the laws of Shari’ah. According to it, serving food to external examiners or giving gifts to them with this evil intention is actually aimed at gaining any personal benefit by an unfair means or violating the right of those students who do not cheat. Therefore, this is bribery and impermissible. Moreover, cheating or letting others cheat in examinations is itself a permanently impermissible and Haraam action. In the first place, it’s a crime by law. And, if the cheater is caught, it will become a cause of disgrace and humiliation for him. According to Shari’ah, it is Wajib to abide by the country law that is not contrary to Shari’ah and that involves the risk of disgrace in case of violation. Second, cheaters deceive invigilators, papers checkers and employers who recruit employees on the basis of degrees. In blessed Ahadees, it has been forbidden to deceive others. Third, cheating is the violation of the right of those students taking examinations without cheating. This violation is also impermissible. In short, cheating or letting others cheat is impermissible for many reasons. Furthermore, even without bribes, this impermissible action will remain impermissible and Haraam. Doing it or having it done with bribes will make it an even worse crime. Therefore, serving food or giving a gift with this evil intention is severely impermissible and Haraam. Those who eat and feed this food as well as those who give and take these gifts commit the sin of bribery. Besides, as a result of co-operating in the sin of cheating, they become severe sinners and deserving of the punishment of fire. Therefore, it is Fard to refrain from it.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Abu Muhammad, Muhammad Sarfaraz Akhtar Attari

Verified by: Mufti Fuzail Raza Attari

Offering Salah while wearing glasses made up of plastic or steel frame

Question 4: What have respected Islamic scholars ruled on the following issue? Is it allowed or not to offer Salah while wearing glasses made up of a plastic or iron frame, etc.

(Questioner: Muhammad Arsalan, Gulistan-e-Jawhar, Karachi)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: To offer Salah while wearing glasses is permissible whether its frame is made up of plastic or any metal on condition that the nose bone firmly rests on the ground. In Sajdah, it is Fard to keep the forehead firmly placed on the ground and to keep the nose bone firmly placed is Wajib. If the nose bone does not rest on the ground because of the glasses or only the tip of the nose touches the ground owing to the glasses, a Wajib act will be missed and hence it will be Makruh Tahreemi to offer Salah. That is, offering Salah in this condition is a sin and, if offered, the Salah must be repeated because it is Wajib.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Abul Hasan Jameel Ahmad Gauri Attari

Verified by: Mufti Fuzail Raza Attari

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