The pious personalities who passed away or their ‘Urs is celebrated in Shawwal-ul-Mukarram

Shawwal-ul-Mukarram is the tenth month of the Islamic year. Brief biographies of 18 of those blessed Sahabah, Awliya and ‘Ulama who passed away or their ‘Urs is celebrated in this month was included in Shawwal-ul-Mukarram issue of monthly “Faizan-e-Madinah magazine”, 1438 Hijri.[1] Following are the brief biographies of some more blessed personalities:

Blessed Sahabah

1 Sayyid-us-Shuhada Sayyiduna Abu ‘Ammarah Hamzah Bin ‘Abdul Muttalib رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُمَا was born two years before ‘Aam-ul-Feel [year of elephant] and he embraced martyrdom in Ghazwah Uhud on Saturday, 15 Shawwal 3 Hijri. He was the honourable paternal uncle and milk-brother of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, a devotee of Rasool and a very brave and courageous person; he رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ greatly served Islam. اَسَدُ اللہِ وَ اَسَدُ الرَّسُول, Faa`il-ul-Khayraat and Sayyid-us-Shuhada are his titles. His blessed shrine located near Uhud mountain is visited by the common people as well as important personalities. (Asad-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 2, pp. 66; Ma’rifat-us-Sahabah, vol. 2, pp. 17)

2 Umm-ul-Mu’mineen Sayyidatuna Sawdah Bint Zam’ah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا was a Qarashiyyah, Sahabiyyah and well-mannered person, blessed with great apparent and spiritual beauty. She had the privilege of performing Hijrah to both places, Habshah and Madinah. Her Nikah with the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم took place in the tenth year of the “declaration of Nubuwwah”. According to one narration, she رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا passed away in Shawwal, 54 Hijri. Her final resting place is in Jannat-ul-Baqi’. (Zurqaani ‘alal Mawahib, vol. 4, pp. 377, 380; Faizan Ummahat-ul-Mu`mineen, pp. 41-66)

Blessed Awliya

3 Imam-ul-Aden, Sayyid Abu Bakr Bin ‘Abdullah Eid-Roos Ba’alwi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 851 Hijri in Tarim (Hadramaut province), Yemen; he passed away on 14 Shawwal 914 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located adjacent to Jaami’ Masjid Eid-Roos (Karitar, Aden, Yemen) in North. He was an ‘Aalim [Islamic scholar], Islamic poet, Shaykh-e-Tareeqat and founder of Jaami’ Masjid Eid-Roos. His “Deewan-ul-Adeni” has been published. (An-Noor-us-Saafir ‘an Akhbar Qarn-ul-‘Aashir, pp. 124)

4 Founder of Silsilah Qadiriyyah Razzaqiyyah, Sayyid Shah ‘Abdur Razzaq Qaadiri Baanswi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1048 Hijri in Rasoolpur village (Barabanki District, UP), India; he passed away on 6 Shawwal 1136 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located in Bansah (Lucknow District, UP), India. The founder of Dars-e-Nizami, ‘Allamah Nizamuddin Sahaalwi was his Mureed [disciple]. (Nuzhat-ul-Khawatir, vol. 6, pp. 154; Tareekh Mashaaikh Qadiriyyah, vol. 2, pp. 129)

5 Source of blessings and benefits, Sayyiduna Khuwajah Haji Dost Muhammad Khan Qandahari Mujaddidi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1216 Hijri in Qandahar, Afghanistan; he passed away on 22 Shawwal 1284 Hijri in Dera Isma’eel Khan (KPK), Pakistan. He was an ‘Aalim, Shaykh-e-Tareeqat and founder of three Khanqahs (Musa Zai Shareef Dera Isma’eel Khan, Lorgai Shareef and Naawah Tarkiyan Qandahar). (Fuyuzaat Siraajiyah, pp. 33-193)

6 Student of A’la Hadrat’s Khalifah, Mufti-e-A’zam Bangladesh, ‘Allamah Mufti Sayyid Muhammad Ameem-ul-Ihsaan Barakati Naqshbandi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1329 Hijri in Munger (Bihar province), India; he passed away on 10 Shawwal 1395 Hijri in Dhaka, Bangladesh. His blessed shrine is located in the southern side of Jaami’ Masjid Mufti-e-A’zam Dhaka. He was a great Aalim of Deen, senior teacher of Madrasah ‘Aaliyyah Kolkata, Ra`ees-ul-Fuqaha, Ra`ees-ul-Muhaddiseen and the author of approximately 56 books and booklets. ‘فِقْهُ السُّنَنِ وَالْآ ثار اَدِلَّةُ السَّاداتِ الْاَحْنَاف’ is also one of his published books. (Adab-ul-Mufti, pp. 7-9)

Blessed ‘Ulama

7 Imam-ul-Mu`abbireen, Sayyiduna Muhammad Bin Seereen Basri رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 33 Hijri; he passed away in Basra on 10 Shawwal 110 Hijri. He was a Taabi’i, Siqah [reliable] narrator of Hadees, a great Faqih [Islamic jurist], Imam-ul-‘Ulama, embodiment of piety and religiousness, and an expert in “Ta’beer-ur-Rooya (interpretation of dreams)”. (Tabqat-ul-Kubra, vol. 7, pp. 143-154; Tareekh Baghdad, vol. 2, pp. 415, 422)

8 Leader of Mu’mineen in the field of Hadees, Sayyiduna Muhammad Bin Isma’eel Bukhari رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 194 Hijri in Bukhara; he passed away on 1 Shawwal 256 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located in Khartang (near Samarqand), Uzbekistan. He is Imam-ul-Muhaddiseen, Imam-ul-Muslimeen, embodiment of piety and asceticism, and the compiler of [Hadees book] ‘Sahih Bukhari’ which is the most authentic book after the Holy Quran. (Al-Muntazam, vol. 12, pp. 133; Siyar A’laam-un-Nubala, vol. 10, pp. 277, 319)

9 Imam-ul-Mufassireen, Sayyiduna Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad Bin Jareer Tabari رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 225 Hijri in Amol (Mazandaran province, formerly known as Tabaristan), Iran; he passed away on 27 Shawwal 310 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located in Hadiqa-tur-Raj’ee (Shaari’ Ishreen, Al-A’zamiyah), Baghdad, Iraq. He رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was a great Imam, expert in his field, honourable Muhaddis, great Mufassir [Quranic exegete], famous Faqih and a practising Sufi. Amongst his more than a dozen books, “Tafseer-e-Tabari” and “Tareekh-e-Tabari” are greatly famous. (Tareekh-e-Tabari, vol. 1, pp. 23, 27; Siyar A’laam-un-Nubala, vol. 11, pp. 291, 301)

10 Imam-ul-Qurra, Sayyiduna Abu ‘Amr ‘Usman Daani Maghribi Maliki رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 371 Hijri in Qurtaba Andalus (currently Spain). He was the Imam of Quranic narrations, Tafseer [Quranic exegesis], Ma’aani, chain of narrators, Ilm-ul-A’raab and Zabt. He was Mustajaab-ud-Da’waat and also the author of more than a dozen books. The ‘Usmani style of the blessed Mushaf (Holy Quran) commonly recited in Pakistan, India and Turkey is according to his method. He passed away on 15 Shawwal-ul-Mukarram 444 Hijri and was laid to rest in the graveyard of Daniyah, Andalus. (Siyar A’laam-un-Nubala, vol. 13, pp. 481, 485)

11 Mufassir-e-Quran, Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad Bin ‘Umar Raazi Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 543 Hijri in Ray (near Tehran), Iran; he passed away on 1 Shawwal 606 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located in Koh-e-Muzdakhan, Herat, western Afghanistan. He was ‘Allama-tul-Wara, Shaykh-ul-Islam wal-Muslimeen, Imam-ul-Mutakallimeen and a Kamil Sufi. “Tafseer-e-Kabeer” is famous amongst his approximately more than 80 books. (Fazl-e-Qadeer translation of Tafseer-e-Kabeer, vol. 1, pp. 43; Wafyaat-ul-A’yaan, vol. 2, pp. 349, 351)

12 Sayyiduna Muwaffaq-ud-Deen ‘Abdullah Ibn Qudamah Maqdisi Hanbali رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه a student of Ghaus-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, was born in 541 Hijri in Jama`eel (near Nablus, Bayt-ul-Muqaddas), Palestine; he passed away on 1 Shawwal 620 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located near [the blessed shrine of] Sayyiduna Abu Darda رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, in Jabal Qasioun, Damascus, Syria. He was Shaykh-ul-Islam, Imam-ul-Aimmah, Mufti-ul-Ummah, Faqih-e-Hanabilah and the author of more than 25 books. His book “Al-Mughni” is famous worldwide. (Tabqat-ul-Hanabilah, vol. 4, pp. 105, 112; Urdu Da`irah Ma’arif-e-Islamiyyah, vol. 1, pp. 641)

13 Author of Durr-e-Mukhtar, Umda-tul-Muta`akhkhireen, Sayyiduna ‘Allamah Mufti Muhammad Alauddin Haskafi Dimashqi Hanafi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1025 Hijri in Dimashq, Syria; he passed away on 10 Shawwal 1088 Hijri. His blessed shrine is located in Bab-us-Sagheer (Dimashq), Syria. He was an expert in all the fields of Islamic knowledge and a great Faqih. He رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه is famous because of his book “Durr-e-Mukhtar Sharh Tanveer-ul-Absaar”. (Jad-dul-Mumtar, vol. 1, pp. 79, 242, 245)

14 The practising ‘Aalim, Allamah Maulana Mufti Inayat Ahmad Kakorvi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was born in 1228 Hijri in Dewa (Barabanki District, UP), India; he passed away on 17 Shawwal 1279 Hijri, after the boat [he had boarded] sank in the sea; this form of demise also lies in the category of martyrdom. He رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was Ustaz-ul-‘Ulama, Mujahid-e-Islam, author of books (for example: ‘Ilm-us-Seeghah and Tawareekh Habib-e-Ilah) and one of the great ‘Ulama of Ahl-e-Sunnat. (Fuqaha`ay Hind, vol. 3, pp. 405; Zafar-ul-Muhsaleen, pp. 312)



[1] The martyrs of Ghazwah Uhud: Ghazwah Uhud took place on Saturday, 15 Shawwal 3 Hijri in which approximately 70 blessed Sahabah (64 Ansaar and 6 Muhajireen) embraced martyrdom.

(1) Sayyiduna Suhayb Roomi (2) Sayyid Jamal-ul-Awliya Korvi (Day of ‘Urs: 1st Shawwal) (3) Sayyid ‘Abdur Razzaq Jeelani (Day of ‘Urs: 6th Shawwal) (4) Sayyiduna Ahmad Yahya Muneeri (Day of ‘Urs: 6th Shawwal) (5) Sayyid ‘Abdul Wahhab Jeelani (Day of ‘Urs: 25th Shawwal) (6) Sayyiduna Shaykh Muslihuddeen Sa’di                (7) Sayyiduna Shah ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Muhaddis Dihlvi (Day of ‘Urs: 7th Shawwal) (8) Sayyiduna Sulayman Bin Ash’as Sijistani (Day of ‘Urs: 16th Shawwal) (9) Mufti Muhammad Ayjaz Wali Qaadiri (Day of ‘Urs: 24th Shawwal) (10) Maulana Haafiz Mushtaq Ahmad Siddeeqi (Day of ‘Urs: 1st Shawwal) (11) Maulana Haafiz Muhammad Basheeruddin Qaadiri (Day of ‘Urs: 2nd Shawwal) (12) Maulana Sayyid Muhammad ‘Abdus Salam Baandwi (Day of ‘Urs: 6th Shawwal) (13) Shaykh ‘Umar Bin Hamdaan Maliki (Day of ‘Urs: 9th Shawwal) (14) Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Asif ‘Ali (Day of ‘Urs: 14th Shawwal) (15) Sayyiduna ‘Allamah Sayyid Ahmad Qaadiri (Day of ‘Urs: 20th Shawwal) (16) Sayyiduna Shaykh ‘Aabid Bin Husayn Maliki (Day of ‘Urs: 22nd Shawwal) (17) Mufti Haafiz Sayyid ‘Abdur Rasheed (Day of ‘Urs: 24th Shawwal) (18) Haafiz Shah Muhammad Habibullah Qaadiri (Day of ‘Urs: 26th Shawwal) رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَالٰی.

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