The first person ever to commit a murder in this world was Qaabeel who killed his brother Sayyiduna Haabeel رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ due to the conflict of a marriage proposal. (Madarik-ut-Tanzeel, pp. 282; summarized) As soon as Qaabeel cruelly killed his brother, his face turned ugly. In a state of extreme rage, Sayyiduna Aadam عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام removed him from his court. Qaabeel went towards Yemen and upon being victimised with satanic whispers, he became a fire worshipper. When Qaabeel became old, his blind son hit him with a stone and killed him. Thus, Qaabeel died in a state of disbelief and as a polytheist. (Ruh-ul-Bayan, vol. 2, pp. 382)
Having a share in every murder
The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated, ‘When a person is wrongfully killed, the sin is definitely written for the son of Aadam (عَـلَيْـهِ الـصَّلٰوة ُ وَالـسَّلَام) [Qaabeel], as he was the first one to establish the way of killing.’ (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, pp. 413, Hadees 3335)
Dear Islamic brothers! Since the first murder until now, many people have been killed instead of dying a natural death, but this chain has not come to an end even up to now. Rather, as the time is passing by, rate of murders are increasing and people are being killed through new ways and techniques. Only the one who has lost his loved one due to a murder really comprehends what he goes through and what problems he faces.
The basic and biggest cause of murder is the lack of understanding of Islam. Other reasons include the greed of wealth, honour, domestic arguments, in order to hide a crime, marriage refusal, doubt of having unlawful relationships, not receiving ransom after kidnapping, having love affairs, malicious feelings and ancestral enmity etc.
Have a look at some chosen headlines reflecting the state of our society:
٭ Neighbour shot to death due to disagreement amongst children.
٭ 14 years old servant killed due to not feeding the dog.
٭ An addict killed his mother.
٭ An 8th year student beaten to death because he came late to school.
٭ Body of a 30 year old lady found in rubbish heap killed by hammer blows to the head.
٭ Son kills his mother and 2 sisters over the greed of land.
٭ An adult killed due to having a love affair. His body was deformed with acid and pieces of his body were buried in the courtyard.
٭ Younger brother shoots and kills 2 elder brothers for not getting a share in the inheritance.
٭ Body of a 6 year old girl found in the pile of rubbish.
٭ Being enraged, husband shoots and kills his wife as food was not served on time.
٭ Body of a 5 year old boy found in a sealed sack on a rubbish pile.
٭ Father shoots and kills his 10 year old daughter in order to accuse his enemies for the murder.
٭ Man kills his 23 year old cousin as she refused to marry him and was due to marry someone else in 2 weeks.
٭ Stonehearted father kills his son as he stopped him from getting married for the second time.
Dear Islamic brothers! After hearing such headlines, at times it becomes difficult to comprehend how humans can stoop so low that they murder their own beloved children, parents, siblings and daughters. It seems as if murdering another person is deemed easier than killing a mosquito. Shari’ah has also prescribed worldly punishments for unjust murders. Full details can be found in Bahar-e-Shari’at, volume 3, page 776 to 788.
Even if a murderer is successful in hiding the murder in this world, he will have nowhere to hide in the Hereafter.
As if he killed the entire humanity!
Whoever kills someone without the permission of Shari’ah is as if he has killed the entire humanity because he has violated the rights of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, the rights of humans and the boundaries of Shari’ah all together. Allah Almighty has said in the holy Quran:
مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًۢا بِغَیْرِ نَفْسٍ اَوْ فَسَادٍ فِی الْاَرْضِ فَكَاَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِیْعًاؕ-
Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: Whoever kills a human without the (legal) retribution of killing or (killed a human) without the retribution for causing turmoil in the earth, it will be as if he had killed all mankind. (Part 6, Surah Al-Ma`idah, Ayah 32)
The murder of a believer is worse than the destruction of the world
The Rasool of Rahmah صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said, ‘The murder of a believer is worse to Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ than the destruction of the world.’ (Sunan Nasa`ee, pp. 652, Hadees 3992)
What if everyone from the earth and sky commit murder together?
The Holy Nabi صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘If everyone from the sky and earth collaborated to murder a believer, Allah Almighty will throw them all into the hellfire.’ (Sunan-ut-Tirmizi, vol. 3, pp. 100, Hadees 1403)
There are some people who boast about the number of murders they have committed. They should read the following narrations and take heed from them:
Hell for the murderer
Allah Almighty has stated in the Holy Quran:
وَ مَنْ یَّقْتُلْ مُؤْمِنًا مُّتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَآؤُهٗ جَهَنَّمُ خٰلِدًا فِیْهَا
Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: And whoever kills a Muslim purposely, his restitution is Hell; he will abide in it for a very long time. (Part 5, Surah An-Nisa, Ayah 93)
If murder is committed while considering it to be Halal, then this in itself is disbelief and such a person will stay in the Hell forever. Moreover, if murdering a Muslim is seen as Haraam but is still committed, then this is a major sin and such an individual will stay in Hell for a very long time. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 2, pp. 277)
Ger Tu naraz huwa mayri halakat hogi
Haye! Mayn nar-e-Jahannam mayn jaloon ga Ya Rab
(Wasail-e-Bakhshish, pp. 85)
The Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said, ‘First thing to be decided on the Day of Judgment among people will be an unjust murder.’ (Sahih Muslim, pp. 711, Hadees 4381)
The murdered will grab his murderer by his neck
Saying of the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم: The murdered one will grab his murderer and bring him to the court of Allah Almighty, whereas blood will be flowing from the veins of his neck. The murdered person will say, ‘O my Lord! Ask this person as to why he murdered me’. Allah Almighty will ask the murderer, ‘Why did you murder him?’ The murderer will reply, ‘I killed him due to the honour of so and so’. He will be told that ‘honour is only for Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ’. (Al-Mu’jam-ul-Awsat, vol. 1, pp. 224, Hadees 766)
May Allah Almighty grant murderers the ability to repent sincerely according to the conditions prescribed in Shari’ah, save us from committing this sin and remove the evil of killing each other from our society!
اٰمِيۡن بِجَاهِ النَّبِيِّ الۡاَمِيۡن صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم
 Hakeem-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه writes: Bear in mind that Salah will be asked about first with regards to worships and murder will be asked about first with regards to the rights of people; or accountability of Salah is first in the good deeds and the accountability of murder is first in the bad deeds.
(Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 2, pp. 306, 307)