What is Soor?
A Bedouin asked a question, ‘Ya Rasoolallah صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, what is Soor? Our Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم replied: قَرْنٌ يُنْفَخُ فِيهِ i.e. It is a horn which will be blown into. (Tirmizi, vol. 5, pp. 165. Hadees 3255)
What will happen after Soor is blown?
When Sayyiduna Israfeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will blow Soor for the first time, which is called نَفخَۃُ الْفَنَاء [Nafkha-tul-Fana]. Its effects will occur as follows:
1. All the living things that will not have suffered death prior to the blow of this Soor will all die.
2. Those who have passed away prior to the blow of Soor, but their souls have been returned to their bodies such as blessed Prophets عَـلَـيْهِمُ السَّلَام will only fall unconscious.
3. Those whom Allah Almighty wills will not even fall unconscious. For example, the four great angels, heavenly maidens and Sayyiduna Musa عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام because he has already fallen unconscious once in the world. This unconsciousness will be exchanged for that one. For the resurrection on the day of judgement, Sayyiduna Israfeel عَـلَـيْهِمُ السَّلَام will blow Soor a second time which is called نَفخَۃُ الْبَعث [Nafkha-tul-Ba’s]. At that time, Allah Almighty will gather all souls in that Soor which will have countless holes. Then, all those souls will exit that Soor and transfer to their bodies. (Tuhfa-tul-Mureed, pp. 386, summarised)
Those who will not fall unconscious
There are some people who will not even fall unconscious after the blow of Soor. They have just been mentioned. Similarly, Martyrs will not fall unconscious either. The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said, ‘I asked Sayyiduna Jibraeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام about this Ayah:
وَ نُفِخَ فِی الصُّوْرِ فَصَعِقَ مَنْ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَنْ فِی الْاَرْضِ اِلَّا مَنْ شَآءَ اللّٰهُؕ-ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِیْهِ اُخْرٰى فَاِذَا هُمْ قِیَامٌ یَّنْظُرُوْنَ(۶۸)
Translation: And the Trumpet will be blown, so everyone in the heavens and everyone in the earth will fall unconscious, except whom Allah wills. It will then be blown again; thereupon they will get up, staring (in astonishment).
[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 24, Surah Al-Zumar, Ayah 68)
Who are the people whom Allah Almighty does not will to make unconscious? He replied: They are the martyrs who dangle their swords around their necks near the Arsh. (Umda-tul-Qaari, vol. 13, pp. 276)
Which day will Soor be blown?
Our Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said, ‘The best of your days is Friday; Soor will be blown on that day and on it (Friday) seizing will take place. (Abu Dawood, vol. 1, pp. 391, Hadees 1047)
Commenting on it Hakeem-ul-Ummah Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Na’eemi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه has said:
The first blow on the day of judgement will be on a Friday after which everyone will perish or fall unconscious. The second blow will also be on a Friday upon which everyone will rise and the wrathful decision of Allah Almighty in relation to sending disbelievers to Hell will also be made on Friday; this is what is meant by inflicting punishment or because of the fact that the Battle of Badr took place on Friday which was the punishment given to disbelievers. Remember! There will be no sun nor day and night, however if there was sun or day and night continued to appear, this resurrection and punishment etc. would still be on a Friday. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 2, pp. 326)
Who will blow Soor?
Sayyiduna Imam Qurtubi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه has stated that our Islamic scholars said: Ummahs have consensus on the fact that Sayyiduna Israfeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will blow Soor. (Al-Budoor-ul-Saafirah, pp. 34)
Reconciliation of narrations
The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has said, ‘The two angels who will blow Soor have two horns in their hands and they are awaiting the command to blow Soor. (Ibn Majah, vol. 4, pp. 504, Hadees 4273)
Sayyiduna Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqalani رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه has said, ‘This Hadees indicates that the angel who will blow Soor is other than Sayyiduna Israfeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام. The narrations can be reconciled in this manner that this Hadees can be explained to mean that seeing Sayyiduna Israfeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام folding his wings this angel will blow the first Nafkha i.e. the Nafkha of unconsciousness, then Sayyiduna Israfeel عَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will blow the second Nafkha i.e. the Nafakh of resurrection from graves. (Al-Budoor-ul-Saafirah, pp. 35)
Duration between two Nafkhas
After the first blow of Soor, Soor will be blown second time after forty years just as Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ has narrated: The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said: The duration between the two Nafkhas is forty years. (Al Ba’s Li Ibn Abi Dawood, pp. 43, Hadees 42)
Things which will not perish even with blow of Soor
There are some things which will not perish even when Sayyiduna Israfeelعَـلَيْـهِ الـسَّـلَام will blow Soor just as Sayyiduna Imam Maymoon Bin Mohammad Nasafi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه has stated: According to Ahl-e-Sunnat wa-Jama’at, the following things will not perish: Arsh, Throne, Divine Pen, Divine Tablet, Paradise, Hell, all things present in them and souls. (Bahr-ul-Kalam, pp. 219, Al Budoor-ul-Saafirah, pp. 32)
May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ bless us with ’death in the state of Iman’.