Holy Rasool ﷺ knows Ep 02

The blessed Ghayb-knowledge of our Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ has been mentioned in many blessed Ayahs of the Holy Quran. Read some blessed Ayahs and rejoice:

1. Our Beloved Lord عَزَّوَجَلَّ has stated:

وَ مَا كَانَ اللّٰهُ لِیُطْلِعَكُمْ عَلَى الْغَیْبِ وَ لٰكِنَّ اللّٰهَ یَجْتَبِیْ مِنْ رُّسُلِهٖ مَنْ یَّشَآءُ ۪- فَاٰمِنُوْا بِاللّٰهِ وَ رُسُلِهٖۚ-وَ اِنْ تُؤْمِنُوْا وَ تَتَّقُوْا فَلَكُمْ اَجْرٌ عَظِیْمٌ(۱۷۹(

And it does not befit the Dignity of Allah to give you, O common people, Knowledge of the unseen. Yes; Allah chooses from His Messengers whom He wills (to grant the Knowledge of the unseen). So believe in Allah and His Messengers, and if you believe and do good deeds, so for you is great reward.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 4, Surah Aal-e-‘Imran, Ayah 179)

Holy reason for the revelation of this blessed Ayah

Imam Shahabuddin Ahmad Bin ‘Ali Al-Ma’roof Ibn Hajar ‘Asqalani رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ has narrated: The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ said to the blessed companions, ‘My Ummah was presented to me as was presented to Sayyiduna Aadam عَلَیْہِ الصَّلٰوۃُ وَ السَّلَام, so I realized who would believe in me and who would commit Kufr [unbelief].’ When this news reached the hypocrites, they said, Muhammad (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) assumes that he (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) knows who will believe in him and who will commit Kufr [unbelief], though we are with him and he (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ) does not know about us (‘مَعَاذَ اللہِ).’ On this occasion, this blessed Ayah was revealed. (Al-‘Ijaab fi Bayan-il-Asbab, vol. 2, pp. 798)

With some differences in wording, Imam Baghawi (who passed away in 510 AH), Imam Sirajuddin ‘Umar Hanbali (who passed away in 775 AH), Imam Muhammad Bin Ahmad Shirbeeni (who passed away in 977 AH) and Imam ‘Alauddin ‘Ali Bin Muhammad Khaazin (who passed away in 741 AH) رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِمْ اَجْمَعِیْن also stated: Having heard the objection raised by the hypocrites, our Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ stood on the Mimber, praised Allah Almighty and then said: What is the condition of the people who object to my knowledge? ‘لَا تَسْأَلُوْنِیْ عَنْ شَیْءٍ فِيْمَا بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ السَّاعَةِ اِلَّا نَبَّاْتُكُمْ بِهٖ’ i.e. I will surely give you the news of whatever you will ask me from among the things which are between you and the Judgement Day.

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Huzaafah Sahmi رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ stood up and said, ‘یَا رَسُوْلَ اللہِ مَنْ اَبِیْ ؟’ i.e. Ya Rasoolallah! Who is my father? The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ replied, ‘Huzaafah’. Then Sayyiduna ‘Umar رَضِىَ اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهُ stood up and humbly said, ‘Ya Rasoolallah صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ! We are pleased that Allah Almighty is our Lord, Islam is our religion, Quran is our guide and you are our Nabi (صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ). May Allah Almighty raise your ranks! Please forgive us.’ The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ said twice, ‘فَهَلْ اَنْتُمْ مُّنْتَهُوْنَSo have you refrained?, so have you refrained? He صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ then came down from the Mimber. On this occasion, Allah Almighty revealed this blessed Ayah. (Khaazin, part 4, Aal-e-‘Imran, Taht-al-Ayah: 179, vol. 1, pp. 328)

2. The Ghayb-knowledge of our Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ has been clearly mentioned in part five of the Holy Quran in these words:

وَ عَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُؕ-وَ كَانَ فَضْلُ اللّٰهِ عَلَیْكَ عَظِیْمًا(۱۱۳)

And taught you whatever (seen and unseen knowledge) you did not know, and upon you is the great Benevolence of Allah.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 5, Surah An-Nisa, Ayah 113)

This blessed Ayah contains great praise of our Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ. Allah Almighty has bestowed upon His Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ the Book, Hikmah, as well as the knowledge of religious matters, Shar’i rulings and all those branches of knowledge of Ghayb which he صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not know. Commenting on this blessed Ayah Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad Bin Jareer Tabari رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ has said: مِنْ خَبَرِ الْأَوَّلِينَ وَالْآخِرِيْنَ، وَمَا كَانَ وَمَا هُوَ كَائِنٌ، فَكُلُّ ذٰلِكَ مِنْ فَضْلِ اللّٰہِ عَلَيْك i.e. Allah Almighty has given the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ the news of former and latter people and has bestowed upon him the knowledge of all that has happened and that will happen. This is the grace of his Lord. (Tafseer Tabari, vol. 4, pp. 275)

Remember, ‘مَا لَمْ تَکُنْ تَعْلَمُ’ includes all those things which our Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not know before. The details of the same blessed Ayah can be read in Tafseer Al-Bahr-ul-Muheet, volume 3, page 362, Zaad-ul-Maseer fi ‘Ilm-it-Tafseer, Juz: 2, volume 1, page 118, and Ruh-ul-Ma’ani, volume 3, page 187.

3. Allah Almighty has stated:

اَلرَّحْمٰنُۙ(۱) عَلَّمَ الْقُرْاٰنَؕ(۲) خَلَقَ الْاِنْسَانَۙ(۳) عَلَّمَهُ الْبَیَانَ(۴)

The Most Gracious. Has taught the Quran to His Beloved (Prophet Muhammad). (He) has created the soul of mankind, Muhammad. (He) has taught him the speech (i.e. knowledge) of whatever has happened and whatever will happen. [Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 27, Surah Ar-Rahman, Ayah 1-4)

The words, ‘اِنسَان’ and ‘بَیَان’ have been mentioned in this blessed Ayah. Commenting on these two words, commentators have given different opinions. Tafseer Khaazin states: اَرَادَ بِالْإنْسَانِ مُحَمَّدًا صَلَّى اللّٰہُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم i.e. “human” means Muhammad Mustafa صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ.

عَلَّمَهُ الْبَيَان يَعْنِی بَيَان مَا يَكُوْنُ وَ مَا كَان لِاَنّه

صَلَّى اللّٰہُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم يُنْبِئُ عَنْ خَبْرِ الْاَوَّلِيْنَ وَالْآخِرِيْنَ وَعَنْ يَوْمِ الدِّيْن

بَیَان’ i.e. ‘description’ means i.e. ‘بَيَان مَا کَانَ وَ مَا یَکُوْنُ’ i.e. the description of whatever has happened and whatever will happen in future. The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ would give the news of former and latter people and of the Judgement Day. (Khaazin, Surah Ar-Rahman, Taht-al-Ayah: 3, 4, vol. 4, pp. 208)

In the commentary of this blessed Ayah, the following pious predecessors have mentioned in their respective Tafaseer, Imam Husayn Bin Mas’ood Baghawi (who passed away in 510 AH) in Tafseer Ma’alim-ut-Tanzeel, volume 4, page 243, Imam ‘Abdur Rahman Ibn Jawzi (who passed away in 597 AH) in Tafseer Zaad-ul-Maseer, Juz: 1, volume 4, page 304, ‘Allamah Sanaullah Naqshbandi (who passed away in 1225 AH) in Tafseer Mazhari, volume 9, page 123, ‘Allamah Ahmad Saawi (who passed away in 1241 AH) in Tafseer Saawi volume 6, page 2074 that our Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ has the knowledge of ‘مَا کَانَ وَ مَا یَکُوْنُ’.

4. Allah Almighty has stated:

عٰلِمُ الْغَیْبِ فَلَا یُظْهِرُ عَلٰى غَیْبِهٖۤ اَحَدًاۙ(۲۶) اِلَّا مَنِ ارْتَضٰى مِنْ رَّسُوْلٍ فَاِنَّهٗ یَسْلُكُ مِنْۢ بَیْنِ یَدَیْهِ وَ مِنْ خَلْفِهٖ رَصَدًاۙ(۲۷)

(Allah is) The Knower of the unseen; He does not completely disclose His (knowledge of the) unseen to anyone. Except (to a large extent) to His chosen Messengers; that He appoints guards in front and behind them.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 29, Surah Al-Jinn, Ayah 26-27)

5. Allah Almighty has stated:

وَ مَا هُوَ عَلَى الْغَیْبِ بِضَنِیْنٍۚ(۲۴)

And this Prophet is not miserly in revealing the (knowledge of the) unseen.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 30, Surah At-Takweer, Ayah 24)

Aur koi ghayb kya tum say nihan ho bhala

Jab na Khuda hi chhupa tum pay karoron Durood

For further information about the Ghayb-knowledge of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ in the light of blessed Ahadees, read the issue [i.e. magazine] of next month.

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