Question: What do the Islamic scholars say about burying many dead bodies together in one big grave at the same time? (Questioner, Mahnamah Faizan-e-Madinah)
بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ
اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ
If, as a result of any catastrophe, a large number of people meet death and martyrdom; even then the ruling of burying each dead body in a separate grave will imply. It is impermissible to bury many dead bodies together in one grave unnecessarily. However, the Islamic jurists have given the permissibility for burying multiple dead bodies in one grave out of necessity. Those necessities are as follows:
٭ There are a large number of dead bodies but shortage of those burying them.
٭ Those burying are elderly people and cannot dig separate graves for each dead body as it will increase their weakness.
٭ Those burying are busy carrying out more important task than this; for example, they are busy performing Jihad etc., in a battle. Out of compulsion, at such crucial stages, more than one dead body can be buried in one grave.
The method to follow is that those who are superior will be placed in the grave at Qiblah side when all the deceased are men or all are women; whereas when the dead bodies are of men, women and children, then men will be placed at the Qiblah side, then boys, and after that women and thereafter Na-Baaligh (one who has not yet reached puberty) girls. A barrier of soil etc., will be placed between all of them.
However, it is impermissible for anyone to dig the grave of any of his deceased relative or any Muslim in order to bury new dead body in it. Digging grave of any Muslim without any Shar’i need is a Haraam act. Having graves of all relatives together at one place is not necessary as per Shari’ah. As this is not necessary, hence, it does not make opening the grave of any Muslim permissible.
وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم
Answered by: Abul Hasan Jameel Ahmed Ghauri Attari
Verified by: Fuzayl Raza Al-Attari