Particularities of Mustafa ﷺ (Episode – 04)

Writing, reading and listening to the virtues and particularities of the Beloved and Blessed Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ are all great acts of worship. For centuries, Islamic scholars have been writing books on various aspects of his blessed life history including his virtues and particularities. It is difficult to mention the total number of the chapters included in the books of Hadees and Seerah about his particularities. However, the names of some of the Islamic scholars writing books on the particularities of Mustafa صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ have been mentioned here along with the names of their respective books, highlighting the importance of this topic:

نِھَایَةُ السُّوْل فِی خَصَائِصِ الرَّسُوْل  1 Authored by Imam ‘Umar Bin Hasan Ibn Dihyah رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 633 AH).

شِفَاءُ الصُّدُوْر فِی اِعْلاَمِ نُبُوَّۃِ الرَّسُوْل وَ خَصَائِصِہٖ  2 Authored by Imam Sulayman Bin Sab’ [سَبْع] Sabti رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ .

بِدَایَةُ السُّوْل فِی تَفْضِیْلِ الرَّسُوْل  3  Sultan-ul-‘UlamaIzzuddeen Bin ‘Abdus Salam Sulami رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 660 AH).

اَللَّفْظُ الْمُکَرَّم بِخَصَائِصِ النَّبِیِّ الْمُحْتَرَم  4 Imam Qutbuddeen Muhammad Bin Muhammad Khaydari [خَیْضَری] Shaafi’I رَحْمَةُ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه (who passed away in 894 AH).

5-6.    Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti Shaafi’i رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 911 AH). At first, he wrote the book ‘(کِفَایَةُ الطَّالِبِ اللَّبِیْب فِی خَصَائِصِ الْحَبِیْب (اَلْخَصَائِصُ الْکُبْرٰی’ in which he mentioned particularities of Mustafa
صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم along with proofs but later on he wrote another book, namely ‘اُنْمُوْذَجُ اللَّبِیْب فِی خَصَائِصِ الْحَبِیْب اَلْخَصَائِصُ الصُّغْرٰی))’ in which he only mentioned particularities, leaving out proofs.

7-8.    Imam Muhammad ‘Abdur Ra`oof Manaawi رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 1031 AH) wrote commentary on the book ‘اُنْمُوْذَجُ اللَّبِیْب’ in two volumes, namely ‘فَتْحُ الرَّؤُوفِ الْمُجِیْب’ and ‘تَوْضِیْحُ فَتْحِ الرَّؤُوفِ الْمُجِیْب’.

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اَلْاَنْوَار بِخَصَائِصِ النَّبِیِّ الْمُخْتَار 9: Authored by Shaykh-ul-Islam Haafiz Ibn HajarAsqalani رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 852 AH).

غَايَةُ السُّوْل فِی خَصَائِصِ الرَّسُوْل 10: Authored by Imam Sirajuddeen ‘Umar Bin Mulaqqin رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 804 AH).

11 Allamah Muhammad Bin ‘Ali Bin ‘Allaan [عَلَّان] Siddeeqi Shaafi’i رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ (who passed away in 1057 AH). At first, he converted some part of the book ‘اُنْمُوْذَجُ اللَّبِیْب’, authored by Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti Shaafi’i رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ , into couplets under the title of ‘فَتْحُ الْقَرِیْبِ الْمُجِیْب’. Later on, he also wrote a commentary on it under the title of ‘شَرْحُ الْخَصَائِص’.

A Madani bouquet of 8 particularities of Mustafa صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ

1Before Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ sent all Ambiya عَلَيْهِمُ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام to the world, He made them promise they would believe in the Holy Nabi Muhammad Mustafa صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and would help him, if they were present in his era. (Zurqaanialal Mawahib, vol. 7, pp. 187) Mentioning this promise in the Holy Quran, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ said:

وَ اِذْ اَخَذَ اللّٰهُ مِیْثَاقَ النَّبِیّٖنَ لَمَاۤ اٰتَیْتُكُمْ مِّنْ كِتٰبٍ وَّ حِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَآءَكُمْ رَسُوْلٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهٖ وَ لَتَنْصُرُنَّهٗؕ-قَالَ ءَاَقْرَرْتُمْ وَ اَخَذْتُمْ عَلٰى ذٰلِكُمْ اِصْرِیْؕ-قَالُوْۤا اَقْرَرْنَاؕ-قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوْا وَ اَنَا مَعَكُمْ مِّنَ الشّٰهِدِیْنَ(۸۱)

And remember when Allah took a promise from the Prophets, ‘Whatever I give you of the Book and wisdom, and then the magnificent Messenger (Prophet Mohammed) comes to you; confirming the Books you have, you should certainly, definitely believe in him and you should certainly, definitely help him.’ He (Allah) said, ‘(O Prophets!) Have you agreed and accepted My binding responsibility in this (agreement)?’ They all responded, ‘We have agreed.’ He said, ‘(Now) become witnesses upon each other, and I Myself am a witness with you.’[1]

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 3, Surah Aal-e-‘Imran, Ayah 81)

This Divine promise shows that blessed Ambiya عَلَيْهِمُ الصَّلٰوةُ وَالسَّلَام always mentioned the virtues and ranks of the Holy Nabi Muhammad Mustafa صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and adorned their sacred gatherings by praising and remembering the Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . Those gatherings were so blessed that angels would visit them. They made their respective Ummahs promise that their Ummahs would believe in the Holy Nabi صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم and help him. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 30, pp. 135)

Liya tha rauz-e-meesaq Ambiya say Haq Ta’aala nay

Tumhari payrwi kaahd-o-paymaan Ya Rasoolallah

2Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ caused the souls of all people who were to be born till the Judgement Day to come of the back of Sayyiduna Aadam عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام and made them promise that they would believe that Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ is the Lord. On the occasion of this promise, the Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was the first to say, ‘بَلٰی’ (i.e. why not, You are our Lord. (Zurqaanialal Mawahib, vol. 1, 7, pp. 66, 186) In the Glorious Quran, this blessed promise was mentioned in these words:

وَ اِذْ اَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنْۢ بَنِیْۤ اٰدَمَ مِنْ ظُهُوْرِهِمْ ذُرِّیَّتَهُمْ وَ اَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلٰۤى اَنْفُسِهِمْ اَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْؕ-قَالُوْا بَلٰىۚۛ-شَهِدْنَاۚۛ-اَنْ تَقُوْلُوْا یَوْمَ الْقِیٰمَةِ اِنَّا كُنَّا عَنْ هٰذَا غٰفِلِیْنَۙ(۱۷۲)

And, O Beloved, remember when your Lord brought forth the progeny from the loins (i.e. backs) of the Children of Aadam, and made them witness on their own selves. (Allah said) ‘Am I not your Lord?’ They all said, ‘Why not? We testified.’ (This happened because) lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection that, ‘We were not aware of this.’

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 9, Surah Al-A’raf, Ayah 172)

3From Sayyiduna Aadam عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام and Sayyidatuna Hawwa رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا to the respected father and mother of the Holy Nabi, his ancestry remained pure from fornication. (Zurqaanialal Mawahib, vol. 7, pp. 188; Khasaais-ul-Kubra, vol. 1, pp. 64)

4The parents of our Beloved and Blessed Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ believed in him after being resurrected. (Unmooza-jul-Labeeb, pp. 32)

5When born, the Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was free from every filth and dirt; he صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was already circumcised with his umbilical cord cut. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 63)

6At the time of his birth, he صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ was in the state of Sajdah with the index fingers of both of his hands raised towards the sky. (Zurqaanialal Mawahib, vol. 1, pp. 211)

7At the time of his blessed birth, idols fell. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 63)

8Before the blessed birth of the Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ , jinns used to go to the skies and eavesdrop the angels talking to each other about the commandments given to them. The jinns would then tell these things to soothsayers along with a mixture of many lies. Whatever was true and was heard from the angels would take place. After the birth of the Beloved and Blessed Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ , this was brought to an end. The angels started keeping a close watch on the skies. Jinns are no longer able enough to go to the skies and hear anything. Whoever among them goes, is hit by angels with a flame of fire. This has been mentioned in Ayah 9 of Surah Al-Jinn in the Holy Quran. (Siraat-ul-Jinaan, vol. 8, pp. 129; Tareekh-ul-Khumays, vol. 1, pp. 391)

Kahanat kay dafter pay aayi tabahi

Mala`ik ka pehrah huwa chahta hay



[1] Commenting on this Ayah, Imam ‘Allamahتَقِیُّ الْمِلَّةِ وَالدِّیْنAbul Hasan ‘Ali Bin ‘Abdul Kaafi Subuki رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه wrote a good booklet under the title of ‘اَلتَّعْظِیْمُ وَالْمَنَّة فِی لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِہٖ وَلَتَنْصُرَنَّہٖ’. (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 30, pp. 137)

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