Particularities of Mustafa ﷺ

The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  has said, ‘ذِكْرُ الْاَنْبِيَاءِ مِنَ الْعِبَادَةِ وَذِكْرُ الصَّالِحِيْنَ كَفَّارَةٌ’ i.e. Mentioning blessed Ambiya is an act of worship and mentioning righteous bondmen is expiation [for sins]. (Jami’-us-Sagheer, pp. 264, Hadees 4331)

O devotees of Rasool! If mentioning blessed Ambiya عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَام is worship, then mentioning the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ and writing, reading and listening to his virtues and attributes will also be worship and will bring us pleasure. Let’s study the virtues and attributes of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  in order to gladden our heart.

Madani bouquet of 12 particularities of Beloved Nabi صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ

1  The miracles of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  are more than the miracles of all the blessed Ambiya عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَام. According to an opinion, there are 60,000 miracles in the Holy Quran alone. In addition to them, there are also 3000 more miracles. (An-Moozaj-ul-Labeeb, pp. 44) In fact, the miracles of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  are countless. (Dalaail-un-Nubuwwah, vol. 1, pp. 18; Ash-Shifa, vol. 1, pp. 253)

Qudrat-e-Rab ka aa`eenah thehra [ٹھہرا]

Tayra her mu’jizah Rasoolullah

2  When the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  moved his blessed hand on the head of a bald person, his hair would grow immediately. When he صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  sowed a seed, it would grow, turning into a tree and bearing fruits the same year. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 64)

3  When he صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  placed his blessed hand on someone’s head, the part of the hair under his blessed hand would remain black, it would never turn white. (Khasaais-ul-Kubra, vol. 2, pp. 138)

4  The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is the best and most superior amongst all creation.[1] (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 63)

Sab say awla-o-a’la hamara Nabi

Sab say baala-o-waala hamara Nabi

5  The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  was free from every type of minor and major sins before and after the declaration of Nubuwwah. Committing any sin is not possible for the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  deliberately, mistakenly, apparently, innerly, secretly, openly, seriously, humorously, happily and angrily. In other words, committing sins is not possible for him in any type of situation. The same applies to all other blessed Ambiya. (Zurqaani ‘alal Mawahib, vol. 7, pp. 327)

6 The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is ‘Khaatam-un-Nabiyyeen’ [خَاتَمُ النَّبِیِّیْن], that is, Allah Almighty has made him the last Nabi, putting an end to Nubuwwah. No new Nabi could come neither during nor after the era of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 63) This has been mentioned in different Ayahs of the Holy Quran and in many blessed Ahadees.[2]

7 There was a seal of Nubuwwah between both the blessed shoulders of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . Equal to the size of a pigeon’s egg, this seal was an apparently reddish and raised part of flesh. (Seerat-e-Mustafa, pp. 565) If the seal of Nubuwwah was seen from below, it read, ‘اللّٰہُ  وَحْدَہٗ لَا شَرِیْكَ لَہٗ’ and if it was seen from above, it read, ‘تَوَجَّہْ حَیْثُ کُنْتَ فَاِنَّكَ مَنْصُوْرٌ’. It was called ‘the seal of Nubuwwah’ for the reason that it was declared in the previous Divinely-revealed Books to be the sign that the Holy Nabi Muhammad Mustafa صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is the last Nabi. At the time of his blessed demise, this blessed seal disappeared. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 1, pp. 318)

Monk Baheerah embraced Islam after seeing the same ‘Seal of Nubuwwah’. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 8, pp. 45) Since this seal was the sign of the end of Nubuwwah ‘خَاتَمُ النَّبِیِّیْن’, no other Nabi was blessed with this miracle. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 8, pp. 57)

Na hoga koi ba’d in kay payamber

Batati hay muhr-e-nubuwwat Nabi ki

8 The Ascension is one of the particularities of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . He صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  physically went to Masjid-ul-Aqsa from Masjid-ul-Haraam and from there to all seven skies and to the Kursi and the ‘Arsh, and even above the ‘Arsh, in a very brief part of the night. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 67; Takmeel-ul-Iman, pp. 128; Hadeeqah Nadiyyah, vol. 1, pp. 272)

Woh Sarwar-e-Kishwar-e-Risalat jo ‘Arsh per jalwah-ger huway thay

Na`ay niralay tarab kay saaman Arab kay mehman kay liye thay

9 The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  beheld Allah Almighty with his own blessed eyes and heard His Kalam without any means. (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 1, pp. 611, Hadees 2580; Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 687)

Kis ko daykha yeh Musa say poochhay koi

Aankh walon ki himmat pay lakhaun Salam

10 Sayyiduna Israfeel عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام came to the court of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ only. Before this, he عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام never went to any other Nabi عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 54)

11 Angels mention the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  all the time. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, pp. 53)

Nazishayn [نازِشیں] kertay hayn aapas mayn malak

Hayn ghulaman-e-Shah-e-Abrar ham

12 The Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is the wisest amongst all creation. (Mawahib-ul-Ladunniyyah, vol. 2, pp. 196)

Sayyiduna Wahb Bin Munabbih رَحْمَةُ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, a Taabi’i pious person, has said, ‘In 71 books, I have read that the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is the wisest person amongst all people and has the best opinion.’ (Tareekh Dimashq, vol. 3, pp. 386)

According to a narration, it was written in all these books, ‘If the intellect which Allah Almighty has bestowed upon all people from the beginning of the world to its end, is compared with the blessed intellect of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ , then the intellect of all people will be like a particle of sand in contrast to the sand of the entire world.’ (Ash-Shifa, vol. 1, pp. 67)

Some Islamic scholars have narrated, ‘There are total 100 parts of intellect out of which 99 parts have been bestowed upon the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ , whereas only one part has been given to all believers.’ After narrating it, Sayyiduna Shaykh ‘Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dihlvi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated, ‘If it is said that there are total 1000 parts of intellect out of which 999 have been bestowed upon the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  and one part is given to all people, then it is also possible because the miracles of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  have been proved in a very huge number. So whatever is said regarding his Divinely-bestowed superiority, is correct.’ (Madarij-un-Nubuwwah, vol. 1, pp. 36)

Koi kya jaanay kay kya ho

‘Aql-e-‘aalam say wara ho


[1] For details study the booklet, ‘تَجَلِّی الْیَقِیْن بِاَنَّ نَبِیَّنَا سَیِّدُ الْمُرْسَلِیْن’ from Fatawa Razawiyyah volume 30, written by Imam of Ahl-us-Sunnah رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه.

[2] For details study the booklet, ‘اَلْمُبِیْن خَتْمُ النَّبِبِّیْن’ from Fatawa Razawiyyah, volume 14.

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Particularities of Mustafa ﷺ

It is a famous saying that ‘فِعْلُ الْحَکِیْمِ لَایَخْلُو عَنِ الْحِکْمَةِ’ i.e. the Hakeem (wise) never does anything without wisdom behind it. One attributive name of Allah Almighty is ‘Hakeem’. There is infinite wisdom behind every action by Him which cannot be understood by our intellect. Allah Almighty blessed His Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  with Mi’raaj (Ascension) from the house of Sayyidatuna Umm-e-Haani رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهَا in the 11th year of Nubuwwah [two years before the migration] on 27th Rajab, Monday night. This Mi’raaj has many pearls of wisdom which are beyond our knowledge. However, read five pearls of wisdom out of those which blessed Islamic scholars have mentioned:

1. Blessed with all ranks

Hakeem-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Na’eemi رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ  has said: All the (Prophetic) miracles and ranks or rather more than them [many (Prophetic) miracles] which were bestowed separately on blessed Ambiya  عَلَيْهِمُ الصَّلٰوۃُ وَالسَّلام  have been bestowed upon the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . There are many examples of it. Sayyiduna Musa عَلَیْہِ السَّلام  attained the rank that he would go to Kauh-e-Toor and had Kalam (conversation) with Allah Almighty. Sayyiduna ‘Isa عَلَیْہِ السَّلام  was called to the fourth sky and Sayyiduna Idrees عَلَیْہِ السَّلام  was called in Paradise, so the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  was blessed with the Mi’raaj in which he  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  had Kalam with Allah Almighty, made a tour of the sky, observed Paradise and Hell. In short, he  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  was blessed with all these ranks in only one Mi’raaj. (Shan-e-Habib-ur-Rahman, pp. 107)

2. Observed Iman bil-Ghayb [اِیمَان بِالْغَیْب]

Another wisdom of Mi’raaj-e-Mustafa  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is that all the Ambiya bore witness to Allah Almighty and Paradise and Hell and made their Ummahs recite ‘اَشْھَدُ اَنْ لَّا اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللّٰہ’, but none of their testimony was either based on seeing or hearing. The testimony gets perfected on seeing (by one’s own eyes). So there was a need of the blessed personage amongst the blessed group of these blessed Ambiya ( عَلَيْهِمُ الصَّلٰوۃُ وَالسَّلام ) who could bear witness after seeing all these things and the testification should be completed when he testifies. This testification was completed with the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . (The Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  saw all the things with his own blessed eyes.) (Shan-e-Habib-ur-Rahman, pp. 107)

3. The Beloved Rasool saw his kingdom

Allah Almighty has made His Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  the owner of all treasures. In Ayah 1 of Surah Al-Kawsar, part, 30 Allah Almighty has stated:

اِنَّاۤ اَعْطَیْنٰكَ الْكَوْثَرَؕ(۱)

O Beloved! We have indeed bestowed upon you countless excellences.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)]

The Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  said: While I was sleeping, the keys of all treasures of the earth were brought to me and placed on my both hands. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, pp. 303, Hadees 2977)

He  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  said, ‘I am a treasurer (of Allah Almighty’s treasures).’ (Sahih Muslim, pp. 512, Hadees 1037)

By the bestowal of Allah Almighty the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  is the owner of His entire kingdom, therefore ‘لَا اِلٰەَ اِلَّا اللّٰہُ  مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللّٰہ’ is written on every leaf of Paradise, in the eyes of the houris of Paradise and everywhere, that is, these things have been created by Allah Almighty and given to Muhammad  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ . Allah Almighty blessed His Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  with Mi’raaj because He عَزَّوَجَلَّ willed to show the owner [the owner of the treasure of both the worlds] his possession. (Shan-e-Habib-ur-Rahman, pp. 107) That’s why this tour was undertaken on the night of Mi’raaj.

4. Intercession with ease

On the Judgement Day, the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  will intercede for us, rather he  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  will open the doors to intercession. Allah Almighty showed His Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  wonders of the universe, levels of Paradise and the Hell. In addition, he  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  was also shown big signs so that the terror of the frightful Day of Judgement may not overcome him and he  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  can make intercession with full determination and constancy. (Ma’aarij-un-Nubuwwah, pp. 80; summarised)

5. Privilege of receiving all types of revelations

Another type of revelation is that Allah Almighty converses directly and this is the best type of revelation. Another wisdom  ofMi’raaj is also that the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  gets privileged with all types of revelations. It is stated in the books of Tafaseer: On the night of Mi’raaj the Beloved Rasool  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  heard directly from Allah Almighty the blessed Ayahs containing ‘اٰمَنَ الرَّسُوْلُ’ which are the last two Ayahs of Surah Al-Baqarah. Similarly, he  صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ  listened to some ‘Surah Ad-Duha [اَلضُّحٰی]’ and some ‘Surah Alam-Nashrah [اَلَمْ نَشْرَح]’ on the night of Mi’raaj. (Ruh-ul-Bayan, part 25, Surah Ash-Shura, Taht-al-Ayah: 51, vol. 8, pp. 345)

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