How was the Holy Quran collected?

The Holy Quran is the only Book in the world which is read the most. The Ayahs of the Holy Quran were revealed according to situations and events in the period of 23 years. The Holy Quran was revealed in a way that some Ayahs of one Surah would be revealed then some Ayahs of another Surah would be revealed. After the revelation of the blessed Ayahs the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ would inform [blessed companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم] about them as to which Ayahs belonged to which Surah. Therefore, as per the command of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, an Ayah or many Ayahs would be included in that Surah. (Al-Mustadrak, vol. 3, pp. 63, Hadees 3325)

On what things was the Holy Quran written?

During the blessed era of Risalat, the Holy Quran continued to be revealed, therefore he صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not collect it in the form of a book. Blessed companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم would memorize the blessed Ayahs, which were revealed that time, and by the order of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ, selected blessed companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم out of those blessed personages would write them on various pieces of paper, small stone boards, goat and fat-tailed sheep hides, ribs and bones of the front leg parts of camels, etc. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 3, pp. 398, Hadees 4986; Ittiqaan, vol. 1, pp. 181, 185)

Reason for collecting the Holy Quran

During the reign of Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ , the Battle of Yamamah took place with Musaylimah Kazzab who falsely claimed to be a prophet. In this battle, a large number of Huffaz blessed companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم were martyred. Having seen this situation Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  humbly asked Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ , ‘Many Huffaz have been martyred in the Battle of Yamamah and I fear that if the Holy Quran remains in various pieces of paper like this and [the remaining] Huffaz are also martyred, Muslims will lose much of the Holy Quran. In my opinion, an order should be given to collect the Holy Quran.’ In the beginning, Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ hesitated by thinking that the act which the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not perform, why should they perform? Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  humbly said, ‘Though the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not perform it, by Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, it is a good deed.’

Finally, Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  also made his mind and then called Sayyiduna Zayd Bin Saabit Ansari رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ , a blessed companion who was a great Qaari of the Holy Quran and gave the order to collect the Holy Quran. Sayyiduna Zayd رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  had the same doubt, ‘The act which the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not perform, how could they perform?’ Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُ  gave him the same reply, ‘Though the Beloved Rasool صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّمَ did not perform it, by Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, it is a good act.’ Finally, Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar, Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam, Sayyiduna Zayd Bin Saabit and the rest of the blessed companions رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہُم made a decision through an Ijma’ [consensus] and Glorious Quran was collected from various places. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 3, pp. 399, Hadees 4987; Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 26, pp. 450 to 452; summarised)

The history of collecting the Holy Quran is the witness of the fact that there is no part, no sentence and no word of the Holy Quran which has been missed by those who collected it. Even today researchers acknowledge that the Holy Quran is the only Book in the world the text of which is still in its original form.

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