Islamic rulings regarding Islamic sisters

Is a wife allowed to go to perform Hajj without husband’s permission?

Question 1: What do respected Islamic scholars and Muftis say about the following issue? Hajj is Fard for a woman, and two of her Mahrams, i.e. her father and brother are also willing to accompany her on the Hajj-pilgrimage but her husband does not allow her to go to perform Hajj. Is she allowed by Shari’ah to go to perform Hajj along with her father and brother without her husband’s permission? If she goes, will she become a sinner due to disobedience to her husband in this matter?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: As mentioned above, Hajj is Fard for the woman and her Mahrams, i.e. her father and brother are also willing to accompany her on the Hajj-pilgrimage. Therefore, in this case, it is compulsory for her to go to perform Hajj along with her Mahram even if forbidden and not allowed by her husband. In fact, after Hajj has become Fard, it is compulsory and necessary to perform it without delay. Delaying it in this case is impermissible and a sin. Moreover, if she goes to perform Hajj without permission from her husband in the above-mentioned situation, she will not become a sinner because the husband is to be obeyed in permissible actions. If he commands his wife to commit any impermissible action, it is not permissible to obey him in this case.

Therefore, if Hajj is Fard for a woman and the Mahram is also prepared to go with her, only her husband does not permit her, she can go even without his permission. As for the husband, he should not cause any hurdle in the fulfilment of this Divinely-declared obligation. Instead, he should protect himself as well as his wife from the sin by permitting her willingly and gladly for the pleasure of Almighty Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Ruling on delay in Taqseer

Question 2: What do respected Islamic scholars say about the following issue? A woman performed ‘Umrah. She came to her hotel without performing Taqseer and the entire day passed in the same condition. The next day, she performed Taqseer in the evening. During this period, she did not do anything which is forbidden in the state of Ihram. The question is, will any Dam [دَم], etc. become compulsory due to delay for almost two days in Taqseer?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: In the situation mentioned in the question, nothing will be compulsory because of delaying Taqseer for two days. There is no specific time for Taqseer for the one who has performed sa’ee in Umrah. When the Mu’tamir[1] performs Taqseer, he will come out of the state of Ihram.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Are women allowed to offer Salah before Azan?

Question 3: What do respected Islamic scholars and Muftis say about the following issue? The time of a Salah has started but Azan has not yet been called. Are ladies allowed to offer Salah before Azan? That is, are the Islamic sisters and Madani girls who are present in the Madrasah allowed to offer Salah before the Azan of Zuhr?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: Even if the time of the Salah has started, it is Khilaf-e-Awla for women to offer Salah before Azan. If there is no valid excuse, then it is preferable to wait for the Jama’at of men except for Fajr Salah. Therefore, women should offer Salah after the Jama’at of men has taken place.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم


[1] The Umrah-performing person is called a Mu’tamir.

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