Praise of the Holy Prophet ﷺ in the Heavenly Books

O devotees of the Prophet! Allah Almighty has blessed His last Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم with many virtues that no other creation has been given. Soothe your eyes through reading three such special virtues of the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم:

1. Mention of attributes in the Heavenly Scriptures

 In the previous heavenly books, the attributes of the Leader of both worlds صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم have been described. (Kashf-ul-Ghummah, vol. 2, p. 53)

The commentator of Bukhari, Mufti Sharif-ul-Haq Amjadi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه says: ‘The Torah, the Injeel and other such previous heavenly scriptures contain such clear and detailed descriptions of the attributes of the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم that, in light of them, the people of the book without a doubt, recognised the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم with certainty.’(Nuzha-tul-Qaari, vol. 3, p. 478)

Allah Almighty proclaims:

اَلَّذِیْنَ اٰتَیْنٰهُمُ الْكِتٰبَ یَعْرِفُوْنَهٗ كَمَا یَعْرِفُوْنَ اَبْنَآءَهُمْؕ-

Those to whom We gave the Book; they recognise that Prophet (Muhammad) just like a person recognises his own sons.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 146)

Attributes of the Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم in the Torah

It is narrated from Sayyiduna ‘Ata Bin Yasaar رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه that when I met Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin 'Amr رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُما, I asked him to inform me of those attributes of the Messenger of Allah صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم which are mentioned in the Torah. He said: By Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Some of the attributes of the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم mentioned in the Holy Quran are also mentioned in the Torah, (such as:) O Prophet! Indeed, We have sent you as a witness and a bearer of glad tidings and a warner.

These additional attributes of the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم have also been mentioned in the Torah: We have sent you as a protector of an unlettered people; you are My Servant and Messenger. I have named you مُتَوَ کِّل [Mutawakkil] (meaning the one who trusts in Allah Almighty). You are neither immoral nor harsh in nature, you do not cause commotion in the markets, nor do you repay evil with evil, but you overlook faults and are forgiving.

Allah Almighty will not cause him to pass away until He straightens the crooked nation through him; until the people openly proclaim لَا اِلٰہ اَلَّا اللہُ; and Allah Almighty, in this way, will rectify those with blind eyes, deaf ears and veiled hearts. (Bukhari, vol. 2, p. 25, Hadees 2125)

The Grand Mufti of India, ‘Allamah Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه said in poetic form:

Kitab-e-Hazrat-e-Musa mayn wasf hayn un kay

Kitab-e-‘Isa mayn un kay fasanay aaye hayn

Unhayn ki Na’t kay naghmay Zaboor say sun lo

Zaban-e-Quran pay un kay taranay aaye hayn

(Saaman-e-Bakhshish, p. 140)

He is described in the Book of Musa

His stories are contained in the Book of ‘Eesa

Listen to his poetic praise from the Zaboor

His beautiful melody has come in the language of the Qur`an

2. Participation of Angels in Battles

The Angels joined the army of the Leader of both worlds صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم, participating in various battles. (Unmoozaj- ul-labib, p. 37)

The Descent of Angels in the Battle of Badr

In the Battle of Badr, a thousand angels initially descended. Allah Almighty says:

اَنِّیْ مُمِدُّكُمْ بِاَلْفٍ مِّنَ الْمَلٰٓىٕكَةِ مُرْدِفِیْنَ(۹)

I am about to give you assistance with a thousand angels, one following the other.’

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 9, Surah Al- Anfaal, Verse 9)

After that, two thousand further Angels descended, so the total number of Angels become three thousand, as mentioned in the Holy Quran:

اَلَنْ  یَّكْفِیَكُمْ  اَنْ  یُّمِدَّكُمْ  رَبُّكُمْ  بِثَلٰثَةِ  اٰلٰفٍ  مِّنَ  الْمَلٰٓىٕكَةِ  مُنْزَلِیْنَؕ(۱۲۴)

Is it not sufficient for you that your Lord may support you by sending down three thousand angels?’

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 4, Surah Al-Imraan, Verse 124)

After that, another two thousand Angels descended, and the total number of Angels became five thousand. Allah Almighty says:

یُمْدِدْكُمْ  رَبُّكُمْ  بِخَمْسَةِ  اٰلٰفٍ  مِّنَ  الْمَلٰٓىٕكَةِ  مُسَوِّمِیْنَ(۱۲۵)

your Lord will send down five thousand distinctively marked angels to help you.

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 4, Surah Al-Imraan, Verse 125)

The Descent of the Angels in the Battle of Hunayn

Regarding the Battle of Hunayn, it says in the Quran:

وَ اَنْزَلَ جُنُوْدًا لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا

and sent down armies which you did not see,

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 10, Surah Al-Tawbah, Verse 26)

Meaning the Angels which the disbelievers saw on piebald horses wearing white garments and turbans. These angels came to increase the might of the Muslims. (Siraat-ul-Jinan, vol. 4, p. 97)

The Descent of Angels in the Battle of the Trench

Allah the Exalted says in His book:

فَاَرْسَلْنَا عَلَیْهِمْ رِیْحًا وَّ جُنُوْدًا لَّمْ تَرَوْهَاؕ-

We sent on them a windstorm and the armies which you do not see,

[Kanz-ul-Iman (translation of Quran)] (Part 21, Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse 9)

Abu Abdullah Sayyiduna Imam Muhammad Bin Ahmad Maliki Qurtubi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْهwrites: ‘Allah Almighty sent angels who cut the ropes of the tents of the disbelievers, uprooted the pegs, turned the pots upside down, extinguished their burning fires; and thus their horses ran away from fright’. The angels surrounding the army in all four directions began to loudly proclaim اللہُ اَکْبَرْ, so Allah Almighty spread fear and terror in their (disbelievers’) hearts. (Al-Jami’-Li -Ahkam Al-Quran, juz. 14, vol. 7, p. 107)

تَعَالَی اللہُ Ba-Hukm-e-Haq firishtay charkh say Aa ker

Tamashah daykhtay thay jang mayn Maula ki taaqat ka

(Qabalah-e-Bakhshish, p. 42)

Exalted be Allah, by the Command of Haq, the Angels came from the sky

To watch the spectacle of the Prophet's power in war

3. Leading the Prophets and the Angels in prayer

 The Beloved of Allah صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم led the Prophets عَـلَـيْهِمُ السَّلَام and the Angels in prayer. (Tareekh-ul-Khamees, vol. 1, p. 391)

According to one narration, on the night of Ascension (Shab-e-Mi’raaj) in Bayt-ul-Muqaddas, Sayyiduna Jibraeel عَـلَـيْهِمُ السَّلَام gave the Azaan and then the Holy Prophet صَلَّی اللہ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلہٖ وَسَلَّم led the Prophets عَـلَـيْهِمُ السَّلَام and the angels in prayer (Durr-e-Mansur, vol. 5, p. 226; Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 30, p. 242)

Tu payshwa hay sab ka Sab Muqtadi hayn tayray

Aqsa mayn kaysay banta koi Imam Tayra

(Qabalah-e-Bakhshish, p. 25)

You are the leader of everyone, and everyone is your follower,

So how could anyone be your Imam in Aqsa?

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