One blessed mountain having deep devotion towards the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم among the sacred mountains of Madinah Munawwarah زَادَھَـا اللہُ شَرَفًا وَّ تَعْظِیْمًا is the ‘Mount Uhud’ which seems to be of red colour when looked from a distance. Pointing towards it, the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said: ‘هَذَا جَبَلٌ يُحِبُّنَا وَ نُحِبُّهُ’ i.e. this is a mountain that loves us and we love it. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 3, pp. 45, Hadees 4083)
It attained the reward for this love that the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم stated: ‘اُحُدٌ رُكْنٌ مِنْ اَرْكَانِ الْجَنَّةِ’ i.e. Uhud is a pillar among the pillars of Paradise. (Al-Mu’jam-ul-Kabeer, vol. 6, pp. 151, Hadees 5813)
Mount Uhud holds a special significance in the Islamic history. A historic battle like ‘Ghazwah Uhud’ took place at the foot of this mountain. Moreover, the blessed shrines of Sayyid-ush-Shuhada Sayyiduna Ameer Hamzah and other martyrs of Uhud رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهُم are also situated at the foot of this blessed mountain.
Reason for calling it Uhud
The reason for its name being Mount Uhud is its uniqueness and because it stands separate from the chain of mountains of Madinah.
It is 100 meters high from the sea level and situated around three and a half kilometres away in the north of Madinah Munawwarah زَادَھَـا اللہُ شَرَفًا وَّ تَعْظِیْمًا. (Justuju-e-Madinah, pp. 830) It is straight and spread over five (square) miles from east to west.
Other than having an association with Madinah Munawwarah, one special attribute of this mountain is the devotion it has towards the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. This very attribute distinguishes it from the other non-living things.
1. Sayyiduna Anas رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهُ narrates that the Holy Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq, Sayyiduna ‘Umar and Sayyiduna ‘Usman رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهُم went on (Mount) Uhud and it started to shake. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 2, pp. 524, Hadees 3675)
Sayyiduna ‘Allamah ‘Ali Qaari رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: Its shaking was due to joy and delight. (Mirqat-ul-Mafatih, vol. 10, pp. 448, Taht-al-Hadees: 6083)
Hakeem-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَةُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: The Mountain started to sway and shake out of joy that such sacred feet have blessed me today. We came to know that the chosen people of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and Wali (friends of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ) are the beloved to the entire creation. Everyone rejoices upon their arrival. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 8, pp. 408)
2. Sayyiduna Anas Bin Maalik رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهُ has narrated: Undoubtedly, Uhud is situated at a door out of the doors of Paradise. When you pass by it, then eat something from its tree, even if they are its thorns. (Musannaf ‘Abdur Razzaq, vol. 9, pp. 176, Hadees 17485)
3. The Beloved and Blessed Rasool صَلَّى اللہُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated: When you come to Uhud, say Salam to its martyrs. They will keep replying to the Salam until the Day of Judgement. (Tareekh Al-Madina-tul-Munawwarah, pp. 132)
Fruits of its trees shall be eaten; in case one does not get hold of any, then grass of its desert should be taken as a Tabarruk [sacred relic]. As Sayyidatuna Zaynab (the wife of Sayyiduna Anas Bin Maalik رَضِىَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهُمَا) used to say to her children that go to Uhud and bring [medicinal] herbs from there for me. And if there are no herbs there, then at least bring grass from there. (Tareekh Al-Madina-tul-Munawwarah, pp. 84; summarised)