Our pious predecessors
Maulana Abu Majid Muhammad Shahid Attari Madani
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. In previous Ramadan issues of Faizan-e-Madinah Monthly, we explored the lives of fifty-eight noble companions, friends of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, and scholars who passed away in this blessed month. In this issue, you can read about fourteen more historical figures who departed for the eternal abode in Ramadan.
Noble Companions رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُم
1. Sayyiduna Abu Sakhr Hubaysh Bin Khalid Khuza’i رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ is the brother of the famous female companion, Umm-e-Ma’bad Khuza’iyyah who hosted the Messenger of Allah صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم for a short while during the Migration. He رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ was martyred at Bat’ha during the Conquest of Mecca on 20th Ramadan, 8th AH. (Al-Istee’aab, vol. 1, p. 453; Mawahib-ul-Ladunniyyah, vol. 1, p. 327)
2. Sayyiduna Abu Musa Suhayl Bin Bayda Fihri Qarashi رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ is from the early embracers of Islam. After partaking in the first migration to Ethiopia, he later migrated to Madinah Shareef. He participated wholeheartedly in all major expeditions, including the Expedition of Badr, and passed away his return from the Expedition of Tabuk on 9th Ramadan, 9th AH. The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم led his funeral prayer. (Tabqat Ibn-e-Sa’d, vol. 3, p. 317; Zurqaani, vol. 11, p. 133)
Righteous Saints رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه
3. Shaykh Sayyid Sharaf-ud-Deen ‘Isa Jeelani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه is the son and student of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qaadir Jeelani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه may Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ sanctify his secrets. Emerging as an erudite scholar, he served Islam as a committed teacher, seasoned preacher, and spiritual mentor to countless aspirants. Upon the demise of his father, he settled in Egypt after spending some time in Damascus. In Egypt, he attracted several students who went on to become leading experts of Hadith and juris consults. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on the 12th Ramadan, 573 AH in Egypt and was laid to rest Qurafah Cemetery. His shrine remains a locus of spiritual upliftment for its visitors. Among his works is the famous treatise on spirituality, ‘Jawahir Al-Asraar-wa-Lata’if-ul-Anwar.’ (Ithaf-ul-Akabir, p. 374)
4. Sayyid Abu Al-Makarim Qutb-ud-Deen Musa Geelani Qadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 936 AH in Thatta, Sindh, and he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 25th Ramadan, 999 AH, in Qaboolah Shareef, near Pakpattan, Punjab. His shrine is a source of blessings for scholars and the public alike. As a descendent of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qaadir Jeelani, he inherited not only the blood of his ancestor but his spiritual secrets too. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was an author and a poet. ‘Tuhfat-ul-Saalikeen’ is from his works, (Encyclopedia Awliya-e-Kiraam, vol. 1, p. 130)
5. Shah Jahan, Sayyid Abu Saalih Badr-ud-Deen Muhammad Baaqir Rifa’ee Husayni رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1207 AH and passed away on 15th Ramadan, 1255 AH. His mausoleum is located in Khanqah-e-Rifa’iyyah, Barya Bhagal, Surat, Gujrat, India. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was the great master of the Ahmadiyyah Rifa’iyyah Order and the custodian of Khanqah-e-Rifa’iyyah. (Tazkira-tul-Ansab, p. 203)
6. Sayyid Sikandar Shah Peshawari رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1266 AH, in Peshawar and passed away there on 14th Ramadan, 1331 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a scion of the Jeelani line, a scholar, and the spiritual heir of Khuwajah Shams-ul-‘Aarifeen. He was awe-inspiring, handsome, and a beacon of copious blessings whose supplications were answered. His son, ‘Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Sa’eed Agha Jan passed away on 7th Ramadan, 1353 AH while his other son, Peer ‘Allamah Sayyid Tajammul Husayn Agha Gul passed away on 21st Ramadan, 1366 AH. (Tazkirah-e-‘Ulama-o-Mashaaikh Sarhad, pp. 198-206)
7. Sayyid Muhammad Khalilullah Junaydi Qadiri رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1350 AH, in Ghazi Pura, U.P., India and passed away on 21st Ramadan, 1427 AH, in Madinah Munawwarah, being laid to rest in Al-Baqi’ Cemetery. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a spiritual master of the Qadiri Junaydi Ajmali Order, a poet, and a scholar. Ziya-ul-‘Uloom School, Nazimabad, Karachi was founded by him. (Allah walay Kuliyaat-e-Manaqib, p. 467)
8. Sayyiduna Muhammad Bin Abdur Rahman Bin Ibn-e-Abi Layla Ansari رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 74 AH and passed away in Ramadan 148 AH. He was an Imam of Hadith and the Qadi of Kufa. ‘Kitab-ul-Faraaid’ was penned by him. (Siyar A’lam-un-Nubala, vol. 6, p. 310; Shazaraat-uz-Zahab, vol. 1, p. 366)
9. Shaykh Al-Islam, Shaykh Abu Al-Hasan Bunan Al-Hamal رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a resident of Wasit, Iraq before settling in Egypt where he رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه later passed away in Ramadan 316 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a leading Hadith scholar, renowned for his abstinence and piety, a saint of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ with many miracles, a dedicated worshipper, and a preacher who enjoined good and forbade evil. (Siyar A’lam-un-Nubala, vol. 11, p. 438; Tabqaat-ul-Soofiyah Lil-Salami, p. 224)
10. Imam Abdullah Bilhaj Ba Fadl Al-Hadrami رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 850 AH, in Tarim, Yemen and passed away on 5th Ramadan, 918 AH. His shrine is located in Al-Shahr, Hadramawt, Yemen. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a Hafiz of the Quran, a jurist of the Shaafi’i School, a saint, an author of multiple works, and a foremost teacher who trained several scholars. His published writings include the primer on Shaafi’i jurisprudence, ‘Al-Muqaddama-tul-Hadramiyyah fi Fiqh Al-Saadah Al-Shafi’iyyah,’ (Al-Muqaddama-tul-Hadramiyyah, pp. 13-34).
11. Ustadh-ul-‘Ulama, Maulana Hafiz Muhammad Noor Alam Chishti رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Karri Sharif, Pakistan, in 1248 AH and passed away there on 3rd Ramadan 1311 AH. His mausoleum is situated in an enclosed building towards the south side. Those who knew him described him as gentle-natured and modest. As the student of Ustadh-ul-‘Ulama ‘Allamah Ahmad-ud-Deen Karsalwi and spiritual heir to Shams-ul-‘Aarifeen Siyalvi, he held expertise in religious sciences and a lofty inner state, as evident from his spiritual unveilings. (Fauz-ul-Maqaal Fi Khulafa-e-Peer Siyal, vol. 1, pp. 469-477)
12. The foremost scholar of Indonesia, ‘Allamah Haji Muhammad Haashim Ash’ari Jombani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1282 AH in Jomban, East Java, Indonesia and passed away there on 7th Ramadan, 1366 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was the student of the spiritual successor of A’la Hadrat, Shaykh Abid Bin Husayn Makki. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه studied under the leading scholars of Indonesia and Makkah Mukarramah. To serve the Muslim community, he founded the religious and humanitarian organisation, Jami’yyah Nahda-tul-‘Ulama a great. Indonesia continues to remember him as a teacher and saint. (Nasr-ul-Jawahir Wal-Durar, vol. 2, p. 1521)
13. The poet of Islam, Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Nasir Jalali Dihlavi Ashrafi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Delhi and passed away on 7th Ramadan, 1385 AH, in Karachi. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was laid to rest in the Khamosh Colony Graveyard, Liaquatabad. Hailed as a litterateur, scholar, and spiritual guide, he possessed extraordinary oratory skills which he utilised to call people to Islam. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a spiritual heir of Shah Sayyid Ali Husayn Ashrafi Jeelani of Kachocha Sharif, India. (Hayat-e-Makhdoom-ul-Awliya, pp. 395-396; Anwar-e-‘Ulama-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Sindh, pp. 986-991).
14. The great hadith expert of Hijaz, Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Bin ‘Alawi Al-Maliki Al-Idreesi Al-Makki رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1362 AH in Makkah, passed away on 15th Ramadan, 1425 AH, and was laid to rest in the historical Al-Mu’alla Cemetery. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a leading figure of Islamic scholarship, a preeminent spiritual guide, and a prolific author. Mufti-e-A’zam-e-Hind was among many who granted him spiritual successor ship. (Muhaddis-e-A’zam Hijaz ki wafat aur Sa’udi Sahafat, pp. 20-30)
 Lit. The Jewels of Secrets and the Subtleties of Lights