Ruling on paying Zakah in advance

Disabled person making Tayammum and repeating Salahs after recovery from disability

Question 1: What do respected Islamic scholars say about the following issue: There is a poor disabled person. Both of his knees are broken and hence he is unable to walk. Neither can he reach water himself nor is there anyone to make him perform Wudu; and neither is there anyone to give him water nor can he afford to buy water; in short, he has no access to water in any way, so is he allowed to perform Tayammum at the time of Salah? Moreover, if such a disabled person recovers from his disability, so will it be necessary for him to repeat the Salahs that he performed with Tayammum?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In the situation mentioned in the question, such a disabled person is allowed to offer Salahs after he has made Tayammum. These Salahs which were offered with Tayammum will not also be repeated later on. According to the rules of the blessed Shari’ah, if there is such a disabled person who is unable to reach water; and there is also no one near him to bring him water, neither as a service nor in obedience to his order and nor in return for money; or although there is someone who can bring him water in return for money but he cannot afford to pay the demanded money; or even though he can afford to pay the money but the labourer demands money more than ‘Ujrat-e-Misl’[1], so such a disabled person is allowed by Shari’ah to offer Salah after making Tayammum and repetition of such Salah is not also obligatory.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Muhammad Haashim Khan Attari Al-Madani

Eating and drinking something on suspicion of invalidation of Sawm

Question 2: What do respected scholars of Islam and Muftis of Shari’ah say about the following issue: A person vomits involuntarily and assumes that his Sawm [fast] has now become invalid. Therefore, he begins to eat and drink things. The question is, whether only Qada[2] of the Sawm is obligatory for such a person or he will have to give expiation as well?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In the situation mentioned in the question, only Qada is obligatory, there is no expiation. However, even after invalidating his Sawm by deliberately eating food after the vomit, he was not allowed by Shari’ah to eat and drink anything. If the Sawm of a person becomes invalid even by mistake, so he is not allowed to eat and drink anything in view of the sacredness of Ramadan-ul-Mubarak. Instead, it is obligatory for him to remain like Sawm-observing people. Therefore, he must also repent of this sin.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ  عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Abu Huzayfah Muhammad Shafeeq Attari

Certified by: Abu Saaleh Muhammad Qaasim Attari

Water going down throat by mistake in the state of Sawm

Question 3: What do respected scholars of Islam and Muftis of Shari’ah say about the following issue: During Wudu, if water goes down the throat by mistake in the state of Sawm, so does the Sawm become invalid or not?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

If a person is aware of his Sawm and water goes down his throat by mistake while he is rinsing his mouth, so the Sawm becomes invalid in this case. It is obligatory for him to observe its Qada. And, if a person is not aware of his Sawm, so the Sawm will not become invalid.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ  عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Abu Huzayfah Muhammad Shafeeq Attari

Certified by: Abu Saaleh Muhammad Qaasim Attari

Ruling on paying Zakah in advance

Question 4: What do respected scholars of Islam and Muftis of Shari’ah say about the following issue: While paying Zakah in advance, a person gives extra amount by mistake. Will the extra amount paid in advance be included in the Zakah for the next year that has not yet even started?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In the situation mentioned in the question, the extra amount of Zakah you paid by mistake can be included in the Zakah of the next year. It is permissible for the owner of Nisaab to pay the Zakah of coming years, in advance.

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ  عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Abu Huzayfah Muhammad Shafeeq Attari

Certified by: Abu Saaleh Muhammad Qaasim Attari

Ruling on doing Iftar by mistake before time

Question 5: What do respected scholars of Islam and Muftis of Shari’ah say about the following issue: A person observed a Sawm but he made a mistake while looking at Iftar timing in the specified timetable. As a result, he broke his Sawm one minute earlier. Is his Sawm valid or not? And what should he do now?

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

In the situation mentioned in the question, the Sawm of the person who broke it one minute earlier is not valid. It is obligatory for him to observe the Sawm as Qada. However, there is no expiation. Therefore, he should observe one Sawm with the intention of Qada. A legendary and leading scholar of Shari’ah and Tareeqah, ‘Allamah Maulana Mufti Muhammad Amjad ‘Ali A’zami رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه stated: If a disbeliever becomes a Muslim or a non-pubescent[3] reaches the age of puberty or someone eats Sahari-meal thinking that it was night time whereas it was morning time [i.e. Subh-e-Sadiq had started] or anyone does Iftar thinking that the sun had set whereas it had not yet set; in all of these cases, it is Wajib to spend the remaining part of the day like a Sawm-observing person. And, for the non-pubescent who reaches the age of puberty or the disbeliever who becomes a Muslim, it is not Wajib to observe the Sawm of that day as Qada. For all others [mentioned above], it is Wajib to observe its Qada. (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 990)

وَاللہُ اَعْلَمُ  عَزَّوَجَلَّ وَ رَسُوْلُہ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Abu Muhammad Ali Asghar Attari Al-Madani



[1] In order to get information about Ujrat-e-Misl, read page 15 of the 3rd volume of the book Bahar-e-Shari’at published by Maktaba-tul-Madinah.

[2] Qada here means observing a Sawm in order to make up for the invalidated Sawm.

[3] One who has not reached the age of puberty.

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