Umm-ul-Mumineen Sayyidatuna Juwayriyah

Sayyidatuna Juwayriyah رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا is also among those fortunate women who held the honour of being the wives of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.

Birth

She رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was born around two years before the declaration of the Prophethood in 608 AD. (Faizan-e-Ummahat-ul-Mumineen, pp. 245)

Name and family

Previously her name was “Barrah”. The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم changed it to “Juwayriyah”. (Sahih Muslim, pp. 911, Hadees 5606) Her father’s name was Haris and she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا belonged to the tribe of Bani Mustaliq. (Tabqat Ibn Sa’d, vol. 8, pp. 92)

Blessed dream

She رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا saw a dream few days before getting married to the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. About that dream, she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا says herself that ‘as if a moon is walking from Madinah Munawwarah زَادَھَا اللّٰەُ شَرَفًا وَّ تَعْظِیمًا and came on my lap. When the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم came and we were captivated, then I became hopeful for the fulfilment of my dream’. (Al-Mustadrak lil-Haakim, vol. 5, pp. 35, Hadees 6859)

Therefore, after the battle of Muraysee’ (i.e. the battle of Bani Mustaliq), when she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was captivated along with the other captives by the Muslims, then the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم offered her to pay Badal-e-Kitabat[1] and marry him. She رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا happily accepted and married the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. (Faizan Ummahat-ul-Mumineen, pp. 236, summarised)

When the holy companions رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُم came to know about the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم marrying Sayyidatuna Juwayriyah رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا, then they did not feel it appropriate to have any individual of the tribe enslaved in which the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has married. Hence, they freed all the captives (male and female) that they had, saying that they are our Master’s صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم in-laws. (Abu Dawood, vol. 4, pp. 30, Hadees 3931)

Umm-ul-Mumineen, Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah Siddiqah رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا considered this marriage to be an extremely blessed marriage and said, ‘فَمَا رَاَیْنَا اِمْرَاَۃً کَانَتْ اَعْظَمَ بَرَکَةً عَلٰی قَوْمِھَا مِنْھَا’ i.e. we have not seen any woman more superior to Sayyidatuna Juwayriyah رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا who brought wellbeing and blessings upon her nation. (Abu Dawood, vol. 4, pp. 30, Hadees 3931)

Services for Hadees

Total number of Ahadees narrated by her is seven. Out of them, one is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari, two in Sahih Muslim and rest are mentioned in the other books of Ahadees. (Siyar A’laam-un-Nubala, vol. 3, pp. 511)

Passion for worship

Once, the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم went in the Hujrah[2] of Sayyidatuna Juwayriyah رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا after Fajr Salah. At that time, she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was in Masjid-e-Bayt[3]. He صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم came again at the time of Chasht[4]. She رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was still sitting at the same very place. He صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم asked, ‘Have you been sitting here since then?’ She رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا humbly replied, ‘Yes.’ (Sahih Muslim, pp. 1119, Hadees 6913)

Demise and burial

Approximately 40 years after the apparent demise of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا passed away in Rabi’-ul-Awwal 50 AH at the age of 65. Moreover, she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was laid to rest in Jannat-ul-Baqi’. (Zurqaani ‘alal Mawahib, vol. 4, pp. 428)

May Allah Almighty shower mercy upon her and forgive us without accountability for her sake!

صَلَّى  اللّٰهُ  عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم      اٰمِيۡن   بِجَاهِ   النَّبِيِّ  الۡاَمِيۡن


[1] I.e. the amount that a male or female slave agrees with his/her master in exchange of his/her freedom.

[2] Chamber

[3] Part of the house fixed as Masjid for Islamic sisters.

[4] It starts after 20 minutes of sunrise and continues till before the sun reaches its zenith.

Share

Articles

Comments


Security Code