Dar-ul-Ifta Ahl-e-Sunnat

Shar’i ruling on drum beating during Milad gatherings and processions

Question 1: During a Milad procession or gathering or any Islamic ceremony, some people beat drums, set off fireworks, clap and arrange for musical instruments. Some women also attend such gatherings without observing Islamic veil. What have respected Islamic scholars ruled on these issues?

(Questioner: Muhammad Noman, Faisalabad)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: To hold Milad processions and Islamic ceremonies is a very good deed but it is impermissible and a sin to beat a drum, play musical instruments, set off fireworks and display non-observance of Islamic veil during them. The purpose of holding these ceremonies is to celebrate the birth of the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم who has forbidden these improper actions. Therefore, Milad gatherings and Islamic ceremonies should be held while refraining from such improper things.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Mufti Muhammad Qasim Attari

‘Umrah is preferable to Tawaf

Question 2: What have respected Islamic scholars and Muftis ruled on the following issue? A person has already performed an ‘Umrah and wishes to perform more ‘Umrahs; what is preferable for him to perform now, ‘Umrah or Tawaf? (Questioner: Muhammad Shafeeq Athar, Wah Cantt)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: Performing a Nafl ‘Umrah during permissible time is preferable to performing a Nafl Tawaf because the act of worship that involves more hardship is preferable. Compared to a Tawaf, an ‘Umrah involves more hardship and takes more time to be performed.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Mufti Muhammad Qasim Attari

Is it allowed to sell school notebooks and books that cannot be benefited from?

Question 3: What have respected Islamic scholars and Muftis ruled on the following issue? Is it allowed to sell children’s school notebooks and books that are no longer needed? Should these things be burnt? And, what is the ruling on the papers that have Arabic writings on them?

(Questioner: Saeed Attari, Alipur Farash Rawalpindi)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: Cut away the portions that contain the verses of Quran, Ahadees, rulings related to Islamic jurisprudence and the blessed names of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ, angels and Prophets from papers that have Arabic writings on them and also from school notebooks and books which cannot be benefitted from. Now the rest can be sold. Otherwise, pack these notebooks and books into a bag, etc. Then tie a heavy stone to the bag and put the bag into the deep water of the river or in the middle of the sea so that it will go down the depth of the sea. This bag should not float over the water and should not reach the place where there is a risk of the sacred papers being desecrated [i.e. disrespected]. The best way is to wrap them into some pure piece of cloth and bury them. The method of burying is as follows: Make a Lahad (by digging the ground and making an opening in the Qiblah side of the wall) or make a coffin-like grave and cover it with slabs and then cover the slabs with soil so that the soil will not fall on the papers directly. This will be similar to the grave prepared for a deceased person.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Mufti Muhammad Qasim Attari

Buying something for cheaper price after selling it on credit

Question 4: What have respected Islamic scholars ruled on the following issue? There is a practice that exists in the marketplace. If a person wants to borrow money, he says to any shopkeeper, ‘I buy this motorcycle from your shop for 60000 rupees on credit and I will pay you the price gradually within six months.’ He also takes possession of the motorcycle. Afterwards, the same shopkeeper buys the same motorcycle from the same person for 45000 rupees in cash. Is this action permissible? The person needs 45000 rupees but the shopkeeper does not want to lend money without any profit. By means of the above method, the person will get the money he needs and the shopkeeper will also earn the profit. Is this method right or wrong according to Shari’ah? Please guide us about it.

(Questioner: Qadiri Autos, Regal Chowk Karachi)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: In the situation mentioned in the question, this method is impermissible and a sin. Earning a profit in this way is also impermissible and Haraam. Here is the detail of this ruling. After a seller has sold something, he cannot buy the same thing from the same person or from the representative of the same person for a cheaper price unless the seller has received the price of the thing sold out. In the above case, the person has not yet paid the actual price of the thing. If the shopkeeper buys it before receiving the actual price, he will gain the profit of 15000 rupees in return for nothing, which is a form of interest. Therefore, purchasing and profit earning in this way are impermissible and Haraam.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Muhammad Shafeeq Attari Madani

Verified by: Mufti Muhammad Qasim Attari

Is woman allowed to go to graveyard for recitation of Fatihah?

Question 5: What have respected Islamic scholars and Muftis ruled on the following issue? My respected father passed away this Ramadan. My sister often says that she will go to the grave of the father in the graveyard. Is it allowed for a woman to go to the graveyard while observing Islamic veil? Please provide Shar’i guidance on it. (Questioner: Sarfaraz Ahmad Attari, Qutb Alam Shah Bukhari, Karachi)

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلْجَوَابُ بِعَوْنِ الْمَلِکِ الْوَھَّابِ اَللّٰھُمَّ  ھِدَایَۃَ الْحَقِّ وَالصَّوَابِ

Answer: May Allah forgive your deceased father and bless your family with patience and with great reward for patience! Except for the blessed shrine of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, it is unconditionally forbidden for women to visit graves. Even if they go while observing Islamic veil, this is still forbidden. In particular, it is even more emphatically forbidden for them to go to the grave of any relative such as the grave of the father, as mentioned by you. Therefore, explain it to your sister that having patience with the death of any relative is among such deeds of bondmen which are liked by Almighty Allah.

وَاللہُ  اَعْلَمُ   عَزَّوَجَلَّ   وَ رَسُوْلُہٗ اَعْلَم   صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ واٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم

Answered by: Mufti Muhammad Qasim Attari

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