Pieces of advice by Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کرم اللہ تعالی وجہہ الکریم

A person asked Ameer-ul-Mu`mineen Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم: ‘In the era of three [previous] Khalifahs, Islamic victories were more whereas in your era, civil unrest is more; what is its reason?’ He رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ responded: ‘We were the one who would give them advice and you are the one who gives us advice.’ (Madani Kamaun ki Taqseem, pp. 44)

Dear Islamic brothers! Like other good habits and admirable qualities, Asadullah, Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم also perfectly possessed the quality and ability of giving excellent advice and correct opinion. Whether it was Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq’s Khilafat period of 2 years and 3 months or Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq-e-A’zam’s Khilafat period of 10.5 years or 12 years’ services of Sayyiduna ‘Usman-e-Ghani رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ as Khalifah, Sayyiduna ‘Ali رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ consistently and fully supported these great Sahabah through his correct pieces of advice and excellent opinions on every matter like war, judiciary, state matters, Shar’i rulings, or imposing Islamic punishments. Following are its few examples:

Jihad against the apostates

When some tribes refused to pay Zakah and committed Kufr and apostasy in the era of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr’s Khilafat, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ asked: ‘O Abul Hasan! What do you say?’ Sayyiduna ‘Ali کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم responded: ‘If you do not take what Rasoolullah صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has taken from these people, it will be against the way of Rasoolullah صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.’ Listening to it, Sayyiduna Siddeeq-e-Akbar رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ said: ‘Other people had given me advice to not wage war, but since you have said it, now I will definitely do Jihad against these people.’ (Riyad-un-Nadarah, vol. 1, pp. 147)

According to one narration, Sayyiduna ‘Ali کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم said: ‘Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has mentioned Salah and Zakah together and I do not think that you will separate them.’ (Kanz-ul-‘Ummal, Juz: 6, vol. 3, pp. 227, Hadees 16841)

Advice of sending troops

When Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ consulted with blessed Sahabah رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُم before sending the Islamic troops for the Battle of Rome, Sayyiduna ‘Ali کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم gave the opinion to send the troops and humbly said: ‘Whether you participate in this battle yourself or send the Islamic troops, if Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ wills, success will kiss your feet.’ Listening to it, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ said: ‘May Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ make you hear good news as well.’ Then, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ stood up and delivered Khutbah, and gave the order to prepare the Islamic troops. (Tareekh Ibn ‘Asakir, vol. 2, pp. 64)

Stipend for Khalifah

When Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ took on the responsibilities of Khilafat, he did not take anything from Bayt-ul-Maal for his living expenses, but he started facing difficulty in meeting his living expenses because of being engaged in the matters of Khilafat; so he consulted with the blessed Sahabah رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُم. Along with other suggestions, a suggestion stated that he may take [money] required for breakfast and dinner from Bayt-ul-Maal. Sayyiduna Farooq-e-A’zam رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ liked this suggestion more and acted on the same suggestion. The person who gave this suggestion was Sayyiduna ‘Ali کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم. (Tabqat Ibn Sa’d, vol. 3, pp. 233)

Beginning of the Hijri calendar

Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ gathered the blessed Sahabah and sought advice: ‘We wish to start a new calendar; from which day should we start?’ Sayyiduna ‘Ali کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم gave advice: ‘From that day when the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم performed Hijrah.’ Sayyiduna ‘Usman-e-Ghani رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ gave advice that the beginning should be from the month of Muharram. The Hijri calendar started in this way. (Al-Mustadrak, vol. 3, pp. 549, Hadees 4344; Talqeeh-e-Fuhoom li Ibn Jawzi, vol. 1, pp. 14)

Advice of going to Shaam

When the Muslims besieged Bait-ul-Muqaddas and the fort dwellers started facing difficulty and problems, the fort dwellers laid down a condition: ‘If the Ameer [leader] of the Muslims, [Sayyiduna] ‘Umar Bin Khattab [رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ] comes, we will make reconciliation with the Muslims.’ Sayyiduna Abu ‘Ubaydah رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ wrote the entire situation and sent it [to Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ]. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ sought advice on this matter, so someone gave the advice: ‘Do not go to them as they will consider you as inferior.’ Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم gave the advice: ‘Go to the fort dwellers so that it becomes easy for the Muslims to defeat them in their fort.’ Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ acted on the advice of Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم. (Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, vol. 5, pp. 126)

Punishment for a drinker

When Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ consulted with the blessed Sahabah رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُم about the punishment for drinking (wine), Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم humbly said: ‘He [i.e. drinker] should be hit with a whip 80 times because when he will drink, he will become intoxicated and when he will become intoxicated, he will use foul language and when he will use foul language, he will make false accusation.’ Therefore, Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farooq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ gave the order to hit that person [i.e. drinker] with a whip 80 times. (Muwatta Imam Maalik, vol. 2, pp. 351, Hadees 1615)

Resolving disputes

When people would bring any dispute to Sayyiduna ‘Usman-e-Ghani رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ, he would ask one party, ‘call Sayyiduna ‘Ali’, and would ask the second party, ‘call Sayyiduna Talhah, Sayyiduna Zubayr and other blessed Sahabah [رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُم]’. (Tareekh Ibn ‘Asakir, vol. 39, pp. 182)

Help in the gathering of the Holy Quran

On one occasion, Sayyiduna ‘Ali-ul-Murtada کَـرَّمَ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَـالٰی وَجۡـھَـهُ الۡـکَـرِیۡم said: Regarding the gathering of the Holy Quran, refer to Sayyiduna ‘Usman (رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ) by only good [words]; by Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Whatever he did, he did it with our help. (Fath-ul-Baari, vol. 10, pp. 16, Taht-al-Hadees: 4988)

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