In a blessed Hadees, the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated about seven types of people that they are martyrs. One of them is also Zaat-ul-Janb [ذَاتُ الجَنْب], (i.e. one who dies from pneumonia). (Abu Dawood, vol. 3, pp. 252, Hadees 3111) About the disease mentioned in this blessed Hadees Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه has said: In this disease, small boils appear on ribs, pain occurs in ribs and the patient suffers from fever and often develops cough as well. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 2, pp. 420)
Pneumonia/Zaat-ul-Janb [ذَاتُ الجَنْب]
Pneumonia/Zaat-ul-Janb are two names for one disease. The infection in the lungs causes inflammation which is called pneumonia. Due to swelling in the lungs, it becomes difficult for the air to reach the lungs and the patient faces great difficulty in breathing. Due to this, the air bags in the lungs, which are called alveoli, are affected. In this disease, sometimes one lung is affected, and sometimes both are affected. Inflammation often occurs in the lower part of the lungs. People of all ages may suffer from this disease, especially children and the elderly fall victim to this disease. This disease poses a serious threat in winter season and the number of people suffering from pneumonia increases. In some countries, pneumonia is a big reason for the death of sucklings infants and those under the age of five.
Types and reasons for pneumonia
It has three types:
1 Bacterial pneumonia
2 Viral pneumonia
3 Fungal pneumonia
There are several reasons for this disease to develop. Few of them are given below:
1 Infection in the lungs and windpipe
2 Feeling cold
3 Coughing and strep throat
4 Wearing wet clothes for a long time
5 Staying in cold wind for a long time
6 Using cigarette and tobacco
7 Lying on cold grass after doing exercise or playing a sport
8 Staying for a long time at the place where animals are tethered.
9 Moreover, one may also suffer from pneumonia due to asthma, diabetes, heart diseases, measles, smallpox, influenza, and inflammation of kidneys.
Symptoms of pneumonia
Its symptoms include:
1 Having flu and cold
2 Having mucus with cough
3 Having trouble in breathing
4 High fever, pain in chest and stomach
5 Sweating excessively
6 Going blue
7 Low blood pressure, etc.
Increase water intake
Give children more water to drink. Due to it, infection clears up and health improves. However, in this condition, one loses his appetite.
Pneumonia is one of the diseases against which vaccinations are given. There are several benefits of getting children vaccinated. It can protect them from many other diseases including pneumonia. Some people do not get their children vaccinated despite having the facility. They must get their children vaccinated as it can help overcome pneumonia.
Disadvantages of not getting vaccinated
Four disadvantages of not getting vaccinated are mentioned below:
1 A child cannot drink and eat because he uses his entire energy in breathing.
2 He suffers from fever.
3 Lungs are also affected due to a lack of oxygen.
4a If oxygen does not reach the brain, the brain also gets damaged.
Diet for pneumonia patients
After the treatment of pneumonia, the patient, especially children, should be given more and better diet than before, because the child suffering from pneumonia does not eat and drink and the body needs energy. It is preferable to give the patient vegetables and such diet that contains vitamin A. Vitamin A protects against infection. Some people do not feed children during their illness. They should not do so. Instead, they should feed them.
Pneumonia and mother’s milk
Feed infants on their mothers’ milk because mother’s milk is a great blessing of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ for a child. It greatly improves the health of a child. Moreover, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has kept such a power in mother’s milk which has the potential to cure several diseases including pneumonia.
Responsible for the protection of children
Parents, especially mothers, should not take children to smoky places, especially kitchen, nor should they allow them to go there themselves. Similarly, do not smoke a cigarette near children because cigarette and smoke can badly affect lungs and cause pneumonia.
Not giving timely treatment
No matter whatever the disease is, its treatment should be given at the early stage. Similarly, do not be negligent at all in treating pneumonia, because not treating it right on time or by any qualified doctor may even put a patient’s life in danger.
Home remedy for pneumonia
Take the yolk of a free-range egg, 10 tolas honey, i.e. 116 grams, and 2 ratti saffron, i.e. one fourth of a gram. Grind the saffron and mix it into the honey. Then, add the egg yolk and mix it well. Give children half a spoon of it along with milk or water three to four times a day. Give a quarter of spoon to the children under the age of two. اِنْ شَــآءَالـلّٰـه pneumonia will go away.
Do not self-medicate
Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْه has mentioned that the people of Arab would often suffer from bilious fever for which Ghusl [bath] is beneficial. We should not treat fever with Ghusl without the consultation of a qualified doctor, because we are non-Arabs. We often suffer from the fevers for which Ghusl is harmful. It may cause pneumonia. It is written in Mirqat: [Once] a person, after reading the translation of a blessed Hadees, took Ghusl while having a fever as a treatment for it, he developed pneumonia and then managed to save his life with great difficulty. (Derived from Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 2, pp. 429, 430)
Note: Take every medicine as per your physician’s (doctor or Hakim) advice. This topic has been medically verified by Dr. Muhammad Kamran Ishaaq Attari and Hakeem Rizwan Firdaus Attari of Majlis Tibbi ‘Ilaaj (Dawat-e-Islami).