Questions and Answers of Madani Muzakarah
1. Prioritising Hajj and Zakat
Q: Should the one upon whom Hajj has become Fard pay zakat or perform Hajj?
A: If he has wealth that reaches the threshold of zakat and the due date has arrived, then he must give 2.5% of his wealth in zakat. If Hajj is Fard too then he must perform it as well, (Madani Muzakarah, 10th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1440 AH).
2. Qurbani on behalf of deceased parents
Q: If one’s parents have passed away and they never performed Qurbani throughout their lives, can their children perform the Qurbani on their behalf?
A: Yes! Qurbani can be performed and its rewards conveyed to the deceased (Ithal Al-Thawab); there is no harm in this. Also, one should perform Qurbani on behalf of his parents anyway, as this is a virtuous action. Regardless of whether the parents performed Qurbani during their lifetimes or not - even if they sacrificed hundreds of goats throughout their lives, there is still no harm in performing Qurbani on their behalf as a way of conveying rewards to them. Moreover, the reward of Qurbani can also be conveyed to the living, (Madani Muzakarah, 10th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1440 AH).
3. A scholar in every home
Q: You express a wish for there to be a scholar of Islam in every home. However, if a person only has daughters, then how can he fulfil your wish?
A: If Allah Almighty has blessed a person with daughters and he educates them into qualified female scholars, my wish will still be fulfilled. Instead of one child, make each of your children a hafidh of the Quran and a scholar of Islam. Parents have crossed the age limit themselves but they can earn rewards by training their children to be scholars and hafidh. If one cannot make their children into either of these, they must still raise them in accordance with the teachings of Islam, otherwise, falling short in this matter will result in disgrace on the Day of Judgment, (Madani Muzakarah, 28th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1439).
4. Washing the animal of Qurbani
Q: Can the Qurbani animal be washed?
A: Yes! The Qurbani animal can be washed, if there is a need, (Madani Muzakarah, 10th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1440 AH).
5. Making up Qurbani at a later date?
Q: If one year’s Qurbani is missed, can it be performed the following year? For example, I do not have enough money this time, so is Qurbani pardoned or will I have to perform it next year?
A: If the days of Qurbani have passed and a person has neither performed it nor given an animal or its value in charity, and the next Eid al-Adha arrives but he still wishes to make up the Qurbani from the previous year by performing it this year, then this cannot be done. Rather, the ruling is that he should give a one-year-old goat or she-goat or its value in charity, (Fatawa Hindiyyah, vol. 5, pp. 296-297; Madani Muzakarah, 10th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1440 AH).
6. Visiting Madinah before one’s parents do
Q: Can a son go to Madinah before his parents?
A: A son can go to Madinah before his parents; there is no harm in this. In fact, if Hajj has become Fard upon him and his parents do not give him permission to go, he must still go, (Madani Muzakarah, 10th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1440 AH).
7. Colour of the black stone (Al-Hajr Al-Aswad)
Q: When Al-Hajr Al-Aswad came from Paradise, its colour was white. Why has it become black?
A: Al-Hajr Al-Aswad, i.e. the black stone, was previously ‘Al-Hajr Al-Abyad,’ i.e. the white stone, but it became black due to the sins of people, (Tirmizi, vol. 2, p. 248, Hadith 878) Hence, it is now referred to as Al-Hajr Al-Aswad. (Madani Muzakarah, 23rd Jumadal Oola 1441 AH)
8. Lying to perform Umrah?
Q: اَلْـحَمْـدُ لـِلّٰـه, I am hoping to attain the honour of performing Umrah. According to the law, a male who is under the age of 40 years is not permitted to travel alone for Umrah. Due to being alone, I am being recorded as a Mahram of a non-Mahram woman on the documents, even though the woman already has a real mahram with her. What is the ruling regarding this?
A: Regardless of whether lying is done verbally, through writing, or through gestures, it is still lying and a sin, (Madani Muzakarah, 30th Jumadal Oola 1441).
9. Tails on an Imamah
Q: How many tails should the Imamah have?
A: The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم usually tied an Imamah with one tail, (Tirmizi, vol. 3, p. 286, Hadith 1742). Once, he صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم wrapped an Imamah on the head of a Sahabi with his blessed hands and gave it two tails, (Abu Dawood, vol. 4, p. 77, Hadith 4079). Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه states: ‘From time-to-time, with the intention of fulfilling the Sunnah, I tie my Imamah with two tails,’ (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 22, p. 200; Madani Muzakarah, 16th Jumadal Oola 1441 AH).
10. Selfies during Tawaf
Q: It is common for people to take selfies or make videos during tawaf to preserve this memory of a lifetime; is it proper for them to do this?
A: There is no prohibition in taking a selfie in order to preserve a memorable moment, however during those occasions which require the presence of mind, focus, and humility, such as tawaf, when standing before the sacred golden grilles, etc., one should avoid taking selfies and videos. In fact, you should put your mobile on silent as it can disrupt your focus, (Madani Muzakarah, 28th Zul-Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1439).
11. Qurbani for a traveller?
Q: Is Qurbani Wajib upon a traveller?
A: Qurbani is not Wajib upon someone who is a traveller as per the Islamic definition, (Madani Muzakarah, 28th Zul Qa’idah-til-Haraam 1439).
12. Spouses in Paradise
Q: Will the husband and his wife be together in Paradise?
A: If both husband and wife passed away as believers, they will reside together in Paradise, (Al-Tazkirah bi Ahwaal Al-Mauta wa Umoor-ul-Aakhirah, p. 462). If any one of them, مَعاذَ الـلّٰـه, passed away in disbelief then their abode will be Hell, and the one who enters Paradise will be married to another denizen of Paradise. The partner who enters Paradise will not even feel the grief of being separated from their other half, for Paradise is not an abode of sadness and grief, (Madani Muzakarah, 21st Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1439).