Book Name:Hazrat Sayyiduna Talha bin Ubaidullah ki Sakhawat

Definition of a generous and stingy person

Hakeem-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has said that in Arabic phraseology, a person who himself eats and gives others to eat is usually called a generous person; Jawwad is he who does not himself eat but gives others to eat. Therefore Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ is not called generous (He is called Jawwad). The opposite to being generous is being stingy, that is to say, that a person himself eats but does not give others to eat. The opposite of Jawwad is Mumsik (one who accumulates wealth) that is one who neither himself eats nor lets others eat. All the Hereafter and worldly blessings of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ are for the world, not for Himself. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 1, pp. 221)

Remember! To continue to amass wealth by being stingy in paying the Wajib rights (Zakah etc.) leads to a painful torment. It is stated in verse 34 of Surah At-Taubah, part 10:

وَ  الَّذِیۡنَ   یَکۡنِزُ وۡنَ   ا لذَّ ہَبَ   وَ ا لۡفِضَّۃَ

وَ  لَا  یُنۡفِقُوۡ نَہَا  فِیۡ   سَبِیۡلِ   اللّٰہِ   ۙ   فَبَشِّرۡ  ہُمۡ    بِعَذَ ابٍ   اَ لِیۡمٍ    ﴿ۙ۳۴﴾

Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman: And those who hoard up gold and silver and spend not in the path of Allah, give them the good tidings of a painful torment. (Part 10, Surah At-Taubah, verse 34)

Regarding the part ‘spend not in the path of Allah’ of this blessed verse,   Sadr-ul-Afaadil, Maulana Sayyid Mufti Na’eemuddin Muradabadi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has said: They become stingy and do not pay the rights of their wealth, they do not pay Zakah. This verse was revealed about those who refuse to pay Zakah.

It is stated in verse 100 of Surah Bani Israel, part 15:


قُلۡ  لَّوۡ  اَنۡتُمۡ   تَمۡلِکُوۡنَ   خَزَ آئِنَ  رَحۡمَۃِ  رَبِّیۡۤ

اِذً ا    لَّاَ مۡسَکۡتُمۡ   خَشۡیَۃَ    الۡاِنۡفَاقِ   ؕ   وَ  کَانَ   ا لۡاِنۡسَانُ    قَتُوۡرًا   ﴿۱۰۰﴾