Sayyidatuna Fatima Bint-e-Qays Fihriyah Qarashiyyah رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا was also one of the fortunate Sahabiyah who was blessed with the honour of ‘Iman’ in the early days of Islam and then ‘migration to Madinah Munawwarah’.
Blessed name of this fortunate Sahabiyah is ‘Fatimah’; her mother’s name is ‘Umaymah Bint-e-Rabi’ah’ and her father’s name is ‘Qays Bin Khalid’. She possessed outstanding beauty, great intellect and strong discernment. She was the elder sister of Sayyiduna Dahhak Bin Qays رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ who was the chief of Banu Qays Tribe. Her genealogy is as follows:
Fatimah Bint-e-Qays Bin Khalid Al-Akbar Bin Wahb Bin Sa’labah Bin Wailah Bin ‘Amr Bin Shayban Bin Maharib Bin Fihr Bin Maalik Bin Nadr Bin Kinanah. (Tahzeeb-ul-Kamal fi Asma-ir-Rijaal, vol. 11, pp. 756 - Usud-ul-Ghabbah, vol. 7, pp. 248)
Having completely dedicating their lives, personal status and family, the honourable blessed companions عَـلَيْهِمُ الرِّضْوَان had willingly surrendered themselves to the will of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. It is for this reason that upon receiving marriage proposals, she رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا entrusted the matter to the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم requesting him: ‘My matter is at your disposal. [You can] perform my Nikah with whom you want’. The Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم advised her to marry Sayyiduna Usamah Bin Zaid رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُمَا. Obeying the command of the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, she رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا married Sayyiduna Usamah Bin Zaid رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُمَا. She رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا used to say that Allah Almighty bestowed so much blessing upon this Nikah that by dint of this Nikah, people started envying me. (Abu Dawood, vol. 2, pp. 416, Hadees 2284 – Nasa’i, vol. 6, pp. 80, Hadees 3238; summarised)
Service of Hadees and propagation of the commandments of Islam
٭ Sayyidatuna Fatimah Bint-e-Qays رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا has narrated 34 Ahadees from the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم.
٭ The blessed Ahadees narrated by her are mentioned in the renowned ‘Sihah-e-Sittah’, six books containing the collections of Hadees (i.e. Sahih Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi, Ibn-e-Majah and Sunan-e-Nasa’i).
٭ Including eminent personalities, great Tabi’een-e-Kiraam have narrated Ahadees from Sayyidatuna Fatimah Bint-e-Qays رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا such as ‘Sayyiduna Sa’eed Bin Musayyab’, ‘Urwah Ibn-e-Zubair, ‘Aswad Ibn-e-Yazeed Nakh’ee’, ‘Sulayman Bin Yasaar’, ‘Aamir Sha’bi’, ‘Abdur Rahman Bin ‘Aasim’ and Abu ‘Salmah Bin Abdur Rahman’ عَـلَيْهِمُ الرِّضْوَانْ.
٭ Sayyidatuna Fatimah Bint-e-Qays رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا has narrated Ahadees regarding the ‘provisions’ and ‘residing place’ for divorced women.
٭ A blessed Hadees mentioned in the books ‘Sahih Muslim’ and ‘Abu Dawood’, known as ‘Hadees-e-Jassasah’ (The Hadees that mentions the accounts of Dajjaal) amongst the Islamic scholars has also been narrated by Sayyidatuna Fatimah Bint-e-Qays رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا. (Sayr A’laam-un-Nubala, vol. 2, pp. 319; Tahzeeb-ul-Kamal fi-Asma-ur-Rijaal, vol. 11, pp. 755; Tahzeeb-ul-Asma wal-Lughaat, vol. 2, pp. 617)
The year of the blessed demise of Sayyidatuna Fatima Bint-e-Qays رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا has not been mentioned in the books of Seerah. However, ‘Allamah Muhammad Bin Ahmad Zahabi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه has mentioned that she رَضِیَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهَا passed away during the reign of Sayyiduna Ameer-e-Muawiyah رَضِىَ اللهُ عَـنْهُ. (Siyar A’laam-un-Nubala, vol. 2, pp. 319)