The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated: Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ blesses one with the understanding of Deen [i.e. religion] whom He عَزَّوَجَلَّ wills to [bestow] goodness upon. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 1, pp. 43, Hadees 71)
Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ blessed Sayyiduna Imam-e-A’zam Abu Hanifah رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه with such great jurisprudential acumen that millions of Muslims follow him.
Acknowledgement of his great abilities
Along with being a Muhaddis and Faqih [Islamic jurisprudent] himself, Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was also the Imam [leader] of other blessed Muhaddiseen and Fuqaha. The golden pages of history are adorned with the statements of the honourable ‘Ulama [Islamic scholars] and Muftis of his era who have mentioned him in their own styles, praising his jurisprudential acumen and the Divinely bestowed skill of providing solution to the complex issues instantly. Regarding his jurisprudential acumen, many such issues have been recorded which could not be resolved by great Fuqaha, but Sayyiduna Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه gave the solution instantly. Following are two interesting parables regarding his intellect and scholarly skills.
1. Expertise in Fatwa
A person said to his wife: I swear an oath that I will not talk to you until you talk to me, otherwise you are divorced. In reply, the wife also swore the same oath. When Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه was asked about this matter, he رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه said to that person, ‘Go and talk to your wife; nothing will happen.’ When Sayyiduna Sufyan Sawri رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه came to know about the Fatwa of Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه, he said (in surprise), ‘Are you making Haraam [things] Halal?’ Explaining his Fatwa, Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه said: The husband had sworn an oath that he will not talk [to his wife] before she talks [to him]. Listening to it, the wife also swore the same oath. When she swore the oath, she talked to her husband. Now, when the husband will talk to her, he will [actually] talk to her after his wife has [already] talked. This way, oath of no one will break. Listening to this explanation, Sayyiduna Sufyan Sawri رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه said: O Abu Hanifah! Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has opened those ways of knowledge for you which are beyond our reach. (Al-Khayraat-ul-Hisaan, pp. 71)
2. Three divorces on telling the thief’s name
Thieves came to a person in the night and stole his clothes. They also made him swear this oath: If you tell anyone about us, your wife is divorced thrice. In the morning, that person saw that his clothes are being sold in the market but he could not say anything. Therefore, he came in the court of Sayyiduna Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه for finding the solution to his problem. Sayyiduna Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه said: The thieves of your locality should be gathered at one place. Then they should come out one by one and you should be asked about each one, ‘Is this your thief?’ If that person is not your thief, then say “no”, and if he is [your thief], then remain silent. So, he did accordingly and this way, the thieves were identified. Thieves returned his entire wealth and possessions and his oath did not break either because he did not tell anyone regarding them. (Al-Khayraat-ul-Hisaan, pp. 72)
The popularity of the Fiqh [school of Islamic Jurisprudence] founded by Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه can be recognised by the following statement of ‘Allamah Ibn Hajar Makki Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه: The Fiqh of Imam-e-A’zam رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه spread even to those areas where the Fiqh of any other Imam is not practised, such as in Hind [South Asia], (Bab-ul-Islam) Sindh, Rome, central Asian states, etc. (Al-Khayraat-ul-Hisaan, pp. 43)
 Expert in the field of Hadees
 A highly ranked [Islamic] scholar who is qualified to issue [Islamic] verdicts
 Islamic verdict