Our Pious Predecessors
Safar al-Muzaffar is the second month of the Islamic year. 71 Companions, saints, and scholars who passed away in this month were introduced in earlier editions for Safar al-Muzaffar from 1439AH-1442AH. Here is an introduction to 12 more:
Honourable Companions عَـلَيْهِمُ الرِّضْوَانْ:
1. Martyrs of al-Rajīʿ incident: In Safar 3 AH, 10 Companions were dispatched under the command of Sayyidunā ʿĀṣim b. Thābit رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْه to procure information about the disbelievers of Makkah. When they reached a place called Rajīʿ, they were attacked by 200 archers which led to the martyrdom of 7 Companions, while the surviving three, Sayyidunā ʿAbd Allah b. Ṭāriq, Sayyidunā Zayd b. Dathna, and Sayyidunā Khubayb b. ʿAdī رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ عَنْھُم , were taken captive. Sayyidunā ʿAbd Allah رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْه was martyred on the way, and Sayyidunā Khubayb and Sayyidunā Zayd رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ عَنْهُمَا were sold to the disbelievers of Mecca. Upon the completion of Muharram al-Haraam 4 AH, the Makkans martyred both of them on the same day.
2. Sayyidunā ʿUbayd Allah b. ʿUmar al-Qarashī al-ʿAdwī رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْه was the son of Sayyidunā ʿUmar al-Fārūq رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْه . He was of tall stature and a valiant and brave soul, hailed by the Quraysh for his foresight. Born in the Prophetic era, he learned hadith from the Companions, participated in the conquests of Iraq, and was martyred in the Battle of Siffin (Safar 37AH).
Noble Saints رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ:
3. Imam ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. Zayd al-Baṣrī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Basra, and his appellations are Abū ʿUbayda and Abū al-Faḍl. He accompanied senior saints and men of Allah such as Sayyidunā Ḥasan al-Baṣrī, Sayyidunā ʿAtāʾ b. Abī Rabāḥ, and Imam Abū Ḥanīfa رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْهم . A master of the spiritual path, he was also a prominent hadith narrator and a powerful orator. He was a devout worshipper and ascetic who excelled in spiritual practices. His supplications were quickly accepted. His days were spent fasting and his nights praying. He passed away on 27th Safar 177 AH and was buried in Basra or in al-Maʿllā cemetery in Makkah.
4. The eldest son of al-Ghawth al-Aʿẓam, Sayyid ʿAbd Allah al-Jīlānī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 508 AH and passed away on 18th Safar, 587 AH. He had one son named Sayyid ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jīlānī who passed away on 26th Muharram, 614 AH. All the children of al-Ghawth al-Aʿẓam رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه were erudite scholars and senior saints.
5. Sayyid Shams al-Dīn ʿĀrif Qādirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born to Sayyid Abū al-Ḥasan Yaḥyā Kabīr رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه in Peshawar on 16th Jumadul Ukhra, 724 AH. His father was from the senior spiritual vicegerents of Gada-i-Raḥmān Qādirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه . After completing initial education and training at the hands of his father, he presented himself in the court of his noble spiritual guide, and after undertaking spiritual and devotional practices, he was appointed as a guide and shaykh of the Qādirī way on Mount Jammu on 17th Rajab, 774 AH. His disciples were found in many countries, and people would approach him to solve both physical and spiritual problems, with the sick and the crippled recovering by means of his spiritual blessings. He was stationed at the rank of Qutb al-Waqt, Qutb al-Irshad and Qutb al-Aqtaab. He passed away on 6th Safar 804AH and his shrine is located in Mount Sulayman.
Noble Scholars رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ الـسَّـلَام:
6. Shaykh al-Qurra of Andalusia Imam Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. Yaḥyā b. ʿAwn Allah al-Ḥaṣṣār رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a resident of the historic Spanish city of Denia. He was born in circa 530 AH, acquired Islamic knowledge from erudite scholars, and began teaching the art of Quran recitation and various other disciplines in his city. Shortly after, he began teaching in Valencia where many scholars benefited from him. He was a godly scholar, a superb reciter, and an epitome of piety and scrupulousness. He passed away on 3rd Safar, 609 AH.
7. Imam Sharaf al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Ḥusayn b. Sulaymān al-Ḥanafī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 691 AH and passed away on 19th Safar, 776AH. He was an eminent student of his father and served as the judge of Damascus for a long time. Most parts of his day and night were spent in teaching, arbitration, issuing verdicts, worship, and recitation of the noble Quran.
8. The senior scholar and teacher of scholars, Mawlana Mian Muhammad Afzal Alawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1193 AH in Meki Dhok (Attock District) and was martyred in Fateh Jang on 9th Safar, 1251AH during battle. He was laid to rest in the martyrs’ cemetery in Meki Dhok. As a seasoned scholar, he was acclaimed for his expertise in hadith, jurisprudence, and logic, and was a cynosure for the people of Punjab, Swat, and Kandahar. He was passionate about showing compassion to and serving the creation. Pīr Siyāl Khawaja Shams al-ʿĀrifīn is his renowned student.
9. The eminent scholar, Mawlana Faizi Mian Qādirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1253AH in Chach (Hazro Tehsil, Attock District) and passed away on 15th Safar, 1301AH. He was a student of Sharih-i-Bukhari, Hafiz Daraz Muhammad Ahsan Peshawari رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه , an expert in the rational and transmitted sciences and a teacher of Dars-i-Nizami.
10. The spiritual heir of of Amīr al-Milat, Mawlana Karīm Bakhsh Kāsūrī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in Kasur in 1214 AH and passed away on 10th Safar, 1321 AH in Kasur. He was an accomplished scholar and Sufi master whose spiritual insight and miracles were widespread.
11. Mawlana Hashmatullah Qādirī Razawī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a resident of Uttar Pradesh, India. He studied most of the textbooks of Dars-i-Nizami with the famous Mawlana Hidayatullah Khan Rāmpurī and some books with Mawlana Naqī ʿAlī Khan Qādirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْهما . He was initiated into the Qādirī way by Imam Ahmad Raza Khan رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه . After completing his religious studies, he trained as a lawyer and began practicing in Ilahabad. He held many government posts and was respected for his religious and professional knowledge. As a polyglot, he mastered multiple languages including Arabic, Persian, and English. He passed away on 19th Safar, 1338 AH.
 Subul al Huda wal Rashad, vol. 6, p. 39, Seerat Sayyid al-Anbiya, p. 186
 Al-Isabah Fi Tamyeez al-Sahaba. vol. 5, p. 41, Usd al-Ghabah, vol. 3, p. 545, Tareekh Ibn ‘Asakir, vol. 8, pp. 56, 77
 Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, vol. 7, p. 137, Tuhfa al Abrar, p. 38
 Ithaf al-Akabir, p. 365
 Tazkirah Mashaaikh Qadiriyyah Fazaliyyah, pp. 107 - 108
 Ghaya al-Nihayah Fi Tabaqat al-Qurrah, vol. 1, pp. 84 – 85, Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, vol. 16, p. 68, Ma’rifat al-Qurra al-Kibar ‘ala Tabaqat al-A’saar, vol. 3, p. 1152
 Al-Durar al Kaminah, vol. 1, p. 125, Ghaya al-Nihayah Fi Tabaqat al-Qurrah, vol. 1, p. 49, Tabaqat al-Saniya Fi Tarajim al-Hanafi, vol. 1, p. 338
 Fauz ul-Maqal Fi Khulafa-e-Peer Siyal, vol. 1, p. 19
 Tazkirah Ulama Ahl al-Sunnah District Attock, p. 95
 Tazkirah Khulafa-e-Ameer-e-Millat, p. 28
 Mahnama al-Raza, vol. 1, edition no. 3, p. 28