Excellence of Shab-e-Qadr
Sayyiduna Maalik Bin Anas رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه said: The ages of all creation were shown to the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, when he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم got the shortest age [of all] for his Ummah, he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم became sad, [as] due to short age, his Ummatis [people] will not be able to carry out righteous deeds equal to the [Ummatis of] previous Ummah. So, Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ blessed the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم with Shab-e-Qadr which is better than a thousand months of other Ummahs. (Tafseer Kabeer, vol. 11, pp. 231, Taht-al-Ayah: 3)
Excellence of worship during Shab-e-Qadr
The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated: Whoever performs [the acts of] worship during Shab-e-Qadr out of sincerity and Iman [faith], his previous sins will be forgiven. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 1, pp. 626, Hadees 1901)
Commenting on the abovementioned blessed Hadees, Hakeem-ul-Ummat, Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: By the blessing of the Siyam of Ramadan, Sagheerah (minor) sins are forgiven, and by the blessing of Taraweeh, the Kabirah [major] sins become lighter as well as by the blessing of the worship performed during [the sacred night of] Shab-e-Qadr, the ranks increase. (Mirat-ul-Manajih, vol. 3, pp. 134)
Explaining the abovementioned blessed Hadees, ‘Allamah ‘Abdur Ra`oof Munaawi رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: The forgiveness through Siyam and the Qiyam [acts of worship] during Ramadan is attained at the end of the blessed month of Ramadan whereas the forgiveness one attains through the Qiyam [acts of worship] during Shab-e-Qadr is not delayed until the end of the blessed month of Ramadan. (Fayd-ul-Qadeer, vol. 6, pp. 248, Taht-al-Hadees: 8902)
When does Shab-e-Qadr fall?
Dear Islamic brothers! Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ has kept Shab-e-Qadr hidden due to His Divine Will. Therefore, we are not sure as to whether which night is Shab-e-Qadr. The Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has stated, ‘Search for Shab-e-Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of blessed Ramadan’. (Sahih Bukhari, vol. 1, pp. 661, Hadees 2017)
It is stated on page 199 of the Urdu book, ‘Faizan-e-Ramadan’ [Blessings of Ramadan], though pious predecessors, blessed commentators of Quran and Muhaddiseen (blessed scholars of Hadees) رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ تَـعَالٰی have difference of opinions regarding the determination of the occurrence of Shab-e-Qadr, however, a vast majority have consensus that 27th night of Ramadan is the [sacred] night of Shab-e-Qadr each year. Sayyid-ul-Ansaar, Sayyid-ul-Qur`aa, Sayyiduna Ubayy Bin Ka’b رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ is of the view that the 27th night of Ramadan is the Shab-e-Qadr. (Sahih Muslim, pp. 383, Hadees 762)
Nawafil of Shab-e-Qadr
Faqeeh Abul Lays رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: At minimum, there are 2 Rak’aat of Shab-e-Qadr, at maximum, there are 1000 Rak’aat, and average quantity of Rak’aat is 100; whereas average recitation for each Rak’at is that, after Surah Al-Fatihah, recite Surah Al-Qadr one time and Surah Al-Ikhlas three times; After completion of each two Rak’aat with Salam, recite Salat upon the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. (Ruh-ul-Bayan, vol. 10, pp. 483)
Du’a of Shab-e-Qadr
اَللّٰہُمَّ اِنَّکَ عَفُوٌّ کَرِیمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّیْ
O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Undoubtedly, You are the most Forgiving and most Gracious! You like to forgive, so forgive my sins too. (Sahih Muslim, vol. 5, pp. 306, Hadees 3524)
O Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! Shower the blessings of Shab-e-Qadr upon us!
اٰمِيۡن بِجَاهِ النَّبِيِّ الۡاَمِيۡن صَلَّى اللّٰهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيۡهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم