The companions who were traders

(Part 08)

Abdur Rahman Attari Madani

Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Hishaam رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ 

Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Hishaam رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ is also from among the Sahabah who were traders. His mother, Sayyidatuna Zaynab Bint Humayd رَضِیَ اللهُ عَنْهَا, brought him to the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم in his childhood and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Take Bay’ah from him (i.e. allow him to pledge allegiance to you).’ The Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said: ‘He is a small child.’ The Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم then passed his hand over his head and made Du’a (of blessings) for him.

His grandson, Sayyiduna Zohrah Bin Ma’bad رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ (who, according to Imam Daarimi, was the Abdaal of his time) states: ‘My grandfather, Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Hishaam رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ, would take me to the marketplace and would purchase some grain there, and when Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Umar and Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Zubayr رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ عَنْھُمَا would meet him, they would say, ‘Make us partners (in your trade) also, for the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم has made Du’a of blessings for you.’ Thus, he would involve them also, and sometimes, he would receive a camel in profit and would send it home. (Bukhari, vol. 2, p. 145, Hadees 2501)

Allamah ‘Ayni رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه states: From this Hadees, we come to know that one ought to go to the marketplace in order to seek livelihood and take blessings from wherever he can find it. Also, this Hadees contains proof of seeking trade and proof of asking to be included in a partnership. (‘Umda-tul-Qaari, vol. 9, p. 291)

Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan Na’eemi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه (while explaining the reason for Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Hishaam رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ taking his grandson to the marketplace) states: So that he could learn how to buy and sell. Thus, we come to know that just as children should be taught how to worship, they should be taught other matters also. They should be given experience, because just like worship, other matters are also important; their rulings are strict. (While explaining the meaning of ‘receiving a camel in profit’, he states:) The meaning of camel is a camel’s load, i.e. bags of wheat, meaning, sometimes he would trade a camel’s load of wheat and he would receive a full camel’s worth of profit. (Mirat-ul-Manajeeh, vol. 4, pp. 307, 308)

The Sahaba’s trading during the Battle of Khaybar

It is stated in the chapter ‘بَابٌ فِی التِّجَارَةِ فِی الْغَزْوِ’ of Sunan Abu Dawood, one of the book from the six famous authentic books of Hadees, that a Sahabi of the Prophet states: ‘When we conquered Khaybar, the people began to trade the war spoils, supplies and the prisoners among themselves. When the Beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم finished praying Salah, one person came and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I received so much profit today that there is no one in this valley who has received more profit than me.’ The Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘How much profit did you make today?’ He said, ‘I continued to buy and sell until I made a profit of 300 Oqiyah (i.e. 12,000 Dirhams).’ The Messenger of Allah صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘I shall inform you of someone who makes more profit than this.’ He said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! What is that?’ He صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم said, ‘To offer two Rak’ah after the Salah.’ (Abu Dawood, vol. 3, p. 121, Hadees 2785)

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