Our pious predecessors رَحِمَهُمُ اللّٰە

Those righteous predecessors whose day of ‘Urs falls in Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam

Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam is the twelfth month of the Islamic year. Those blessed companions رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُم, Awliya-e-Kiraam [saints of Islam] and [Islamic] scholars رَحِمَهُمُ اللّٰە who passed away or have their ‘Urs in this month, 32 of them have been briefly discussed in the monthly magazine “Faizan-e-Madinah”, Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1438 and 1439 Hijri editions. Introduction of further 13 righteous personalities is appended below:

The blessed companions

1     Ibn Ghuseel-e-Malaikah Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Hanzalah Awsee Ansari رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُمَا was born in 3 AH in Madinah Munawwarah and embraced martyrdom in the same city in 63 AH in Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam. Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Hanzalah Awsee Ansari رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُمَا was a blessed companion of the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, virtuous personage belonging to the noble family, great Islamic scholar, full of fear of Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ and ‘Ishq-e-Rasool [having devotional love to the Holy Prophet صَلَّى اللّٰەُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم] and a brave person as well as he was the chief of the people of Madinah during the event of ‘Al-Harrah’. After martyrdom, Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Abi Sufyan رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ saw him in Jannah. (Usud-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 3, pp. 220)

2     Sayyiduna Dahhaak [ضَحَّاک] Bin Qays Qarashi Fahri رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ was born in 3 AH in Madinah. He رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ embraced martyrdom in 64 AH at Marj Rahat (near Damascus) Syria. He رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ was a paradigm of bravery. Touched by the strong eagerness of Jihad, he رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ made distinct achievements in many wars. He رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ also had expertise in political and admin matters.

Sayyiduna Dahhaak Bin Qays Qarashi Fahri رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ was also the governor of Kufa. He رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ also led the funeral Salah of Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ. A blessed Hadees is also narrated by him. Sayyidah Fatimah Bint-e-Qays رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا, the elder sister of Sayyiduna Dahhaak Bin Qays Qarashi Fahri رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ was a great Sahabiyyah, great Islamic scholar, Muhaddisah, highly intelligent woman with great insight. Apart from this, she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا possessed great qualities. She رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was also the blessed wife of Sayyiduna Usamah Bin Zayd رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُمَا and she رَضِیَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهَا was also amongst those who had the privilege of doing Hijrat (migrating). (Usud-ul-Ghaabah, vol. 3, pp. 49; Al-Istee’aab, vol. 4, pp. 454)

The blessed saints of Islam

3     Shaykh-ut-Talibeen-e-Saani Sayyiduna Imam ‘Abdullah Mahad [محض] Kamil رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in 70 AH in Madinah Munawwarah. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 10th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 145 AH. His blessed shrine is situated in Shinafiya (Diwaniyah province) Iraq. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was the paternal grandson of Imam Hasan رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ and maternal grandson of Imam Hussain رَضِىَ اللّٰەُ عَنْهُ. In this way, he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was the grandfather of Hasani and Husayni Sayyids. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was a Taabi’i saint, practicing Islamic scholar and the trustworthy narrator of blessed Ahadees. (A’laam liz-Zarkali, vol. 4, pp. 78; Tareekh Ibn ‘Asakir, vol. 27, pp. 364; Tareekh Baghdad, vol. 9, pp. 438)

4     Makhdoom Sayyid Minhajuddin Raasti Husayni Razavi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born probably at the beginning of the 8th century AH in Baghdad Shareef and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 29th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 786 AH in Phulwari Shareef (Patna District, Bihar). Blessed shrine of Sayyid Minhajuddin Raasti Husayni Razavi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه is the focal point for the visitors which is situated at a place named Tamtam Parao in the same city. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه is the chosen Khalifah of Shaykh Sharafuddin Yahya Muneeri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه, perfect pious saint and Sahib-e-Karamat (possessor of saintly miracles). (Tazkira-tus-Saliheen, pp. 82, 84)

5     Shahansha-e-Nashik, Peer Sayyid Sadiq Shah Husayni Madani رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in Madinah. He gained the blessing of knowledge and enlightenment as well as the blessing of the chain of Qadiriyyah Sufi order from his blessed father ‘Sayyid Ameenuddin Shayr Muhammad Madani رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه’. After arriving in India, he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه gained Islamic knowledge and blessings from pious people of Chishtiyyah and Shattariyah Sufi orders; thereafter he permanently stayed in Nashik, India (Province Maharashtra). Upon his efforts of calling people to Islam, a large number of non-Muslims embraced Islam. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 16th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam, 1049 AH and his blessed shrine is visited by the people from all walks of life (Tazkira-tul-Ansaab, pp. 240; Mahnamah A’la Hadrat, January 2010, pp. 43)

6     Peer-e-Tareeqat ‘Allamah Ghulam Muhyuddin Ahmad Makhdi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in 1275 AH, in a scholarly family in Makhad Shareef (Jand Tehsil, District Attock, Punjab) and passed away in the same city on 8th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1338 AH. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was a great teacher of Islamic branches of knowledge and arts as well as the sciences of Hadees. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was the successor of Khanqah Ma’la ‘Maulana Muhammad ‘Ali Makhdi’. (Qandeel-e-Sulayman, July to September 2017, pp. 51 to 65)

7     Shaykh-ul-Mashaaikh Khuwajah Ameer Ahmad Basalvi رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in Mauza Thag Sorro near Taunsa Shareef (District Dera Ghazi Khan, Southern Punjab) in 1281 AH and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 21st Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1357 AH in Basal Shareef (Jand Tehsil, District Attock). He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه completed his religious education from Aastanah Aaliyyah, Taunsa Shareef. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was an acclaimed scholar, teacher of Dars-e-Nizami as well as he was the Shaykh-e-Tareeqat and the Khalifah of Khuwajah Allah Bakhsh Kareem Taunsavi. (Tazkirah ‘Ulama-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Attock, pp. 154)

8     Taj-ul-Awliya Peer Muhammad Abdush Shakur Jahangiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in Lucknow in 1294 AH and he رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 10 Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam, 1374 AH in Markaz-ul-Awliya, Lahore. He was laid to rest in his own Khanqah situated in Jeewan Hana Garden Town. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was an accomplished saint and the founder of Jahangiriyah Sufi order. (Ma’arif-e-Raza, Salnamah 2006, pp. 216, 217)

9     Qutb-e-Lahore, honourable teacher Hakeem-ul-Ummat, ‘Allamah Mufti Hafiz Azeez Ahmad Qaadiri Badauni رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in 1319 AH in Anula (Bans, Bareilly, UP) India. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 1st Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1409 AH in Markaz-ul-Awliya, Lahore. The blessed shrine is situated in Jan Muhammad Huzoori graveyard (near Garhi Shahu Chowk). He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was the Hafiz of Quran and gained Madrasah education from Qadiriyyah Budaun. He was an expert in all the fields of Islamic knowledge. He was Ustaz-ul-‘Ulama, Shaykh-ul-Hadees wat-Tafseer, Mufti-e-Islam, ‘Aarif-Billah, and Khalifah Qutb-e-Madinah. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه had the privilege of seeing A’la Hadrat. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه also blessed Ameer-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat ‘Allamah Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qaadiri with permission in all Sufi orders. (Ahwaal-o-Asaar Mufti ‘Azeez Ahmad Qaadiri Badauni, pp. 29, 53, 108)

Islamic scholars

10   ‘Allamah Ibn Aseer Mubarak Bin Muhammad Jazri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in 544 AH in Jazeerah Abu ‘Umar (Şırnak Province, Turkey). He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 29th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 606 AH in Mosal Iraq. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was a great Islamic scholar of Quran-o-Hadees, Fiqh and Usool-e-Fiqh [Islamic rules of jurisprudence]. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was popular amongst all people. People would visit him frequently. ‘النھایة فی غریب الحدیث والاثر’ and ‘کتاب الشافی’ are his published literary work out of the 9 books authored by him. (Wafyat-ul-A’yaan, vol. 4, pp. 7, 8)

11  Shaykh-ul-Islam Imam Tajuddeen ‘Abdul Wahhab Subki Shaafi’i رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in 727 AH in Subk (District Manufiya, Province Cairo) Egypt. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away in 771 AH in Damascus. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was a Faqeeh of Shaafi’i school of thought and historian of Arabic language and the Chief Justice of Damascus. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه is the author of more than 12 books including Tabqat-e-Shafi’iyyah [طَبقَاتِ شَافِعِیَّہ]. (Tabqat-us-Shafi’iyyah, vol. 1, pp. 9, 15; Shazrat-uz-Zuhb, vol. 6, pp. 419, 420)

12   Practicing Islamic scholar, Imam Gaamun, Maulana Hafiz Ghulam Muhammad Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was an expert in Islamic sciences of knowledge. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was the Imam and Khateeb of Jami’ Masjid Wazeer Khan, a poet of Persian language, great calligrapher and the author of many books as well as he was an impressive sermoniser. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه himself produced a handwritten manuscript of Glorious Quran. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 25th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1242 AH. The blessed shrine of Maulana Hafiz Ghulam Muhammad Qaadiri رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه is situated at out of the courtyard of Masjid Wazeer Khan (Internal Delhi Gate) inside a tall dome towards the southern side. (Tazkirah ‘Ulama Ahl-e-Sunnat wa-Jama’at Lahore, pp. 133)

13       Sahib Hadiqa-tul-Awliya, Maulana Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Lahori Suharwerdi Chishti رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was born in 1244 AH in Markaz-ul-Awliya, Lahore. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه passed away on 24th Zul-Hijja-til-Haraam 1307 AH during his travel to Madinah. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was laid to rest at Bair Baala Hassaani near Badr. He رَحْمَةُ اللّٰەِ عَلَيْه was an acclaimed Islamic scholar, well-versed in both Urdu and Persian languages, a poet of Islam, excellent writer, lexicologist, glorious biographer and the author of 20 books.

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